Definition of macaque in English:


(also macaque monkey)


  • A medium-sized, chiefly forest-dwelling Old World monkey which has a long face and cheek pouches for holding food.

    • ‘Even more strangely, the ranges of all but two of Vietnam's primates - the lesser slow loris and the bear macaque - are restricted to either the north or the south of the country.’
    • ‘Experiments on three species of primates - vervets, macaques, and humans - also demonstrated that parents play favorites, to the benefit of healthier offspring.’
    • ‘In other words, if the urge to have sex is strong enough it may spill over into nonreproductive sex, as suggested by the actions of the bonobos and macaques.’
    • ‘Another puzzling aspect of the spotted hyena's social structure is that it closely resembles that of the socially complex old-world monkeys, a group including baboons and macaques.’
    • ‘Primate species are gibbons, langurs, lorises and macaques.’
    • ‘A free-ranging vervet monkey, baboon, or macaque recognizes other members of his group as individuals.’
    • ‘Back on the land, ferret badgers take turns with otters, ground squirrels and crab-eating macaques to stalk out their territory on the numerous white sandy beaches.’
    • ‘It will be very interesting to get similar data for macaques and other monkeys.’
    • ‘Jaw and tongue motions during suckling have been investigated in the macaque, opossum and pig.’
    • ‘A lot more is known about cercopithecines, such as macaques, baboons and vervets, because many of them are ground-dwelling monkeys which are relatively easy to study.’
    • ‘By contrast, many Old World monkeys, such as baboons and macaques, live longer, start to reproduce later, and have more time between babies.’
    • ‘She said animals used for testing in phase one trials were mainly rodents and primates, in particular macaques and marmosets.’
    • ‘These animals include giraffes, penguins, macaques, bonobos, and geese.’
    • ‘As I reported in another recent post fetal alcohol exposure in early pregnancy or during the full length of pregnancy in rhesus macaque monkeys resulted in macaques that had blunted responses to stimuli.’
    • ‘Those species were chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, gibbon, macaque and owl monkey.’
    • ‘They included baboons, chimpanzees, and macaques - all known to live in large, mixed-sex groups.’
    • ‘Long-tailed macaque monkeys and silver leaf monkeys are ever-present.’
    • ‘Chimps and gorillas have been taught to use complex sign languages, Rhesus macaques demonstrate knowledge of basic math, and baboons are known to commonly deceive one another to their own ends.’
    • ‘Terrace's research with macaques (humble monkeys, not apes) casts doubt on the claim that only humans have declarative knowledge.’
    • ‘First, macaques, cebus, great apes, and humans transverse the same sequence of stages in the development of logical as well as physical cognition during the sensorimotor period.’


Late 17th century: via French and Portuguese; based on the Bantu morpheme ma (denoting a plural) + kaku ‘monkey’.