One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
An enzyme that catalyzes the destruction of the cell walls of certain bacteria, occurring notably in tears and egg white.
- ‘He succeeded in purifying lysozyme, a bacteria-destroying enzyme found in tears and saliva, and characterized the substances acted upon by the enzyme.’
- ‘The results were also verified by examining the spectra of two purified proteins, albumin and lysozyme.’
- ‘Several detailed studies were carried out with the proteins lysozyme and ferritin.’
- ‘Intriguingly, enzymes such as lipase, lysozyme, and subtilisin retained their activities in organic solvents.’
- ‘The enzyme, hen egg lysozyme, has not been shown to form fibrils in vivo, and only mutants have been associated with amyloid-related diseases.’
Early 20th century: from lysis + a shortened form of enzyme.
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