Definition of Lydian in US English:



  • Relating to or characteristic of the ancient region of Lydia in western Asia Minor or its inhabitants.

    ‘a Lydian girl who is an excellent weaver’
    • ‘The Lydian coins they excavated are mostly dated to the seventh and earlier sixth centuries BCE.’
    • ‘Fans of archaeology shouldn't miss the Istanbul Archaeological Museums which are exhibiting the Sarcophagus of Alexander the Great and various Lydian tombs.’
    • ‘He mentioned in his writings the Lydian king Gyges, who died c. 652 BC, and a total solar eclipse which was almost certainly that of 6 April 648.’


  • 1A native or inhabitant of the ancient region of Lydia in western Asia Minor.

    ‘they were conquered in the sixth century by Lydians’
    • ‘Although the treasury of King Croesus held great quantities of gold and silver plate, the Lydians clearly loved fine ceramic wares imported from Greece.’
    • ‘The view that coinage was invented by the Lydians is one that is generally accepted by scholars.’
    • ‘At the beginning of the second book of Plato's Republic, Glaucon challenges Socrates, and his idea of justice, with a myth concerning the ancestor of Gyges, the Lydian.’
  • 2The Anatolian language of the Lydians, of which some inscriptions and other texts have survived in a version of the Greek alphabet.

    • ‘Most of the datable inscriptions from Sardis before the Hellenistic period use the Lydian language and alphabet.’
    • ‘A tablet was turned up which revealed a bilingual inscription in Lydian and Aramaic.’
    • ‘Lydian has personal suffixes like the Semitic languages.’