Definition of lutetium in English:

lutetium

noun

  • The chemical element of atomic number 71, a rare silvery-white metal of the lanthanide series.

    • ‘The gadolinium and lutetium exceptions result in a marked increase in radius compared to the slight decrease in metal atom radius for the other elements.’
    • ‘At least in the solid state, these latter are bound to the lutetium center as axial ligands.’
    • ‘In 1907 lutetium was extracted from ytterbia (and identified by the Latin name for Paris, where its isolator Georges Urbain was born).’
    • ‘Because lutetium is so expensive (currently, about $75 a gram), it has almost no commercial use.’
    • ‘This finding provides support for the ongoing development of more solubilized versions of lutetium texaphyrin as photosensitizers for use in the diagnosis and PDT of cancerous disease.’

Origin

Early 20th century: from French lutécium, from Latin Lutetia, the ancient name of Paris, the home of its discoverer.

Pronunciation:

lutetium

/lo͞oˈtēSH(ē)əm/