Main definitions of luster in US English:

: luster1luster2

luster1

(British lustre)

noun

  • 1A gentle sheen or soft glow, especially that of a partly reflective surface.

    ‘the luster of the Milky Way’
    ‘she couldn't eat and her hair lost its luster’
    • ‘The colours are softer and the images lose some of their luster, especially in comparison to the small studies.’
    • ‘Like the princess in a fairy-tale forest, she'd free the jewel from its stinging enchantment, quickly polish it to high luster, then royally present it.’
    • ‘We know that democracy is a jewel that must be polished constantly to maintain its luster.’
    • ‘Natural fibers provide soft, low luster colors, long term performance and other aesthetic qualities’
    • ‘I applied five coats of finish and then used steel wool to produce a soft, non-reflective luster.’
    • ‘Excited young women are whispering around a woman whose eyes glow with a bright lustre.’
    • ‘I could not relate the time now but my original gold case and lettering regained its lustre from being burnished on a sweetly scented sleeve.’
    • ‘The gun was a deep gray luster, perfectly polished and never used.’
    • ‘Both are neatly finished to a pleasing soft luster.’
    • ‘It spreads the natural oils of the hair, increasing hair luster and vibrancy.’
    • ‘The golden ceiling is artificially lit from below, so it glows with a gentle lustre.’
    • ‘If your hair is light in colour, grey or curly, a shine product can add lustre and help it look healthy.’
    • ‘Notice the skeletal fingers of the trees stretching upward, as if they could regain their lost luster if only they could reach the sun.’
    • ‘Part of the craft of the painter consists in producing the appearance of film colours and volume colours, of lustre or glow or luminosity, by means of pigments which do not in fact have these qualities.’
    • ‘His plans were bold and fiery, and his conceptions glowed with barbaric lustre.’
    • ‘But Mühlemann is clearly pushing hard to restore the group's lost luster.’
    • ‘With a soft, gleaming luster that even a little leftover field dust does nothing to hide, tomatoes beckon us to the summer kitchen.’
    • ‘It is a world of glamour whose shine and lustre Seidl rubs away.’
    • ‘From my vantage point, this is journalism's golden age - we just have a hard time detecting its luster because golden ages always shine more brightly from a distance.’
    • ‘He glanced at her and noted that she seemed sexier than ever, more curvaceous, her hair of stronger lustre, her eyes more vivid.’
    sheen, gloss, glossiness, shine, brightness, radiance, burnish, polish, patina, glow, gleam, glimmer, shimmer
    brilliance, brightness, sparkle, dazzle, flash, glitter, glint, gleam, radiance, luminousness, luminosity, luminescence, light
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 The manner in which the surface of a mineral reflects light.
      • ‘Many are attractive, irregularly shaped masses of well-developed crystals that exhibit a very dark shade of grass-green and a moderate to almost brilliant luster.’
      • ‘Its particles have a dull metallic lustre, far less brilliant than that of gold.’
      • ‘They are so desirable because of their aesthetic features (transparency, luster, and color), their durability and rarity.’
      • ‘In fact, an artificial ruby will typically have a better colour and lustre than a natural one.’
      • ‘The green crystal on the pommel was a firestone from the far reaches of the north, and it was rightly called, as its brilliant luster was bright enough to dim even the most glorious of stones.’
      • ‘The faceting of each individual stone gives it its own sparkle and unique lustre.’
      • ‘‘This is a marvelous stone,’ Seiriô exclaimed, entranced by its glassy luster in the opalescent light.’
      • ‘Where the rock contains mineral grains it may be possible to determine the hardness, lustre and streak of the minerals.’
      • ‘The surface luster of many of the calcite crystals is frosted.’
      • ‘Scolecite is typically seen as a colorless to white, transparent to translucent mineral with a vitreous to silky luster.’
      • ‘Bournonite is a steel-gray to iron-black metallic mineral with a luster that varies from brilliant to dull.’
      • ‘Uraninite is typically seen as an opaque, steel-black to velvet-black mineral with a submetallic to greasy luster.’
      • ‘The luster is normally very bright, but some crystals are coated with iron and clay minerals and have lost their luster.’
      • ‘One in the upper left was disk-shaped and appeared metallic in luster.’
      • ‘Sperrylite is a tin-white mineral known for its brilliant metallic luster.’
      • ‘The luster of a mineral refers to the way in which light is reflected off of the mineral.’
      • ‘Tin purifies water, has an attractive silver lustre symbolic of light, and has no detrimental impact upon other substances.’
    2. 1.2 Glory or distinction.
      ‘a celebrity player to add luster to the lineup’
      • ‘Even the statues of great scholars and freedom fighters that add lustre to the city's heritage will be covered with party flags and posters.’
      • ‘Despite having two former All Blacks in the form of forward Jamie Joseph and scrum-half Graeme Bachop, lustre was distinctly lacking from their performance.’
      • ‘MDRs are public documents that do not exactly add luster to the company name.’
      • ‘Perhaps Walker conceived this title to add lustre to the perceived banalities of trading activities.’
      • ‘The supporting band add lustre to the old arrangements, although most of them have very bad hair and play too many solos.’
      • ‘The great Roman porticoes derived their luster from the fame of the statuary they displayed.’
      • ‘He's a cinch, and he will add luster to one of the best classes ever.’
      • ‘Rulers of these comparatively minor states were engaged in a fierce cultural competition, designed to add honour and lustre to their dynasty.’
      • ‘The Korean War gave them the opportunity to add luster to their reputations.’
      • ‘We said at the time that she was by far the most bourgeois of the available contestants, and would undoubtedly add lustre to the office.’
      • ‘However, one luminous star of the first magnitude did slip into Toronto almost unnoticed to add lustre to that inaugural year - Jeanne Moreau.’
      • ‘Harry, Paul, Nick and Lance would all add a lot to the New Statesman, both in quality and subject matter, while the philosophers over at Crooked Timber would add lustre to the back half too.’
      • ‘Presentations were made to all four by club chairman James Tobin who said their respective contributions to club and county over the years had shed great honour and lustre on their club.’
      • ‘The company is counting on its next generation of cars and trucks, designed under car guru Robert A. Lutz, hired last year to add luster to GM's lineup.’
      honour, glory, illustriousness, credit, merit, prestige, éclat, distinction, eminence, pre-eminence, notability, consequence, renown, fame
      View synonyms
  • 2A thin coating containing unoxidized metal which gives an iridescent glaze to ceramics.

    • ‘The most commonly seen items in this range are the Rouge Royale pieces, which have a deep red lustre finish with gilt decorations.’
    • ‘The exhibition displays exquisite pieces made by fusing and blowing with top quality glass powders, precious metals, lustre and leafs from different countries.’
    • ‘Many Type I tiles are to be found at Tentudia, and the two in the British Museum still retain their lustre decoration.’
    • ‘The handmade QM2 teapots will be painted in gold lustre for the ship's first year, after which silver leaf will be used.’
    glaze, lacquer, shellac, varnish, enamel, patina, coat, coating, covering, finish
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 Ceramics with an iridescent metallic glaze; lusterware.
      as modifier ‘luster jugs’
      • ‘Two white lustre horses rear up on the top shelf, symbols of life on the move - although Donald says there is no going back to the old life.’
      • ‘The firm had always been keen to experiment with its styling and finishes, using both lacquer and lustre glazes, and it was this experience which enabled it to produce the Royale products.’
      • ‘At the same time, Iraqi potters developed luster glazes by adding metallic elements to the surface of the glazed piece before a second firing in the kiln.’
  • 3A fabric or yarn with a sheen or gloss.

    • ‘With their thick, ringletted coats the breed lays claim to producing the finest lustre wool in the world.’
    • ‘The Wensleydale's primary value is in its fleece, which produces among the finest lustre wool in the world.’
    1. 3.1British A thin dress material with a cotton warp, woolen weft, and a glossy surface.
  • 4A prismatic glass pendant on a chandelier or other ornament.

    • ‘This attractive necklace is made from re-cycled TV screen beads, they are a lovely soft grey colour and sparkle like chandelier lustres.’
    • ‘The thunderbolt (which became my primary magical tool for the next 8 years or so) was created with the help of Brother R.B.B., and formed from two glass chandelier lustres.’
    • ‘One of my little trees has been hauled in from the greenhouse, and at midnight, I will decorate it with spare chandelier lustres.’
    1. 4.1 A cut-glass chandelier or candelabra.
      • ‘The stiff, hard Guardis on the walls, in which tin gondoliers were propelling iron gondolas on a leaden lagoon, were but faintly visible by the tentative light of the circle of candles in the quivering lustre chandelier.’
      • ‘The church lustre was dotted with candles, joyful melodies of volunteer singers with roaring bass and piercing contralto mingled with the chant of the choir.’

Origin

Early 16th century: from French, from Italian lustro, from the verb lustrare, from Latin lustrare ‘illuminate’.

Pronunciation

luster

/ˈləstər//ˈləstər/

Main definitions of luster in US English:

: luster1luster2

luster2

(British lustre)

noun

Pronunciation

luster

/ˈləstər//ˈləstər/