1A laborer who unloads cargo.
2A person (especially a taxonomist) who attaches more importance to similarities than to differences in classification.Contrasted with splitter
- ‘As evidenced by review of his work, he was a lumper who frequently grouped a variety of valid cyrtospiriferid species under one name.’
- ‘There are three kinds of historians: lumpers, who use highly technical terminology; splitters, who catalog broad similarities among various events and people; and those who record the differences.’
- ‘One sometimes sees the difference between splitters and lumpers presented as one of taste and personality.’
- ‘What looks like one phenomenon to a lumper may look like three to a splitter.’
- ‘He said that he tended to be a lumper and felt that the splitters had often created many more species than the evidence justified, which he said is a ‘huge problem’ in paleoanthropology.’
- ‘The splitters of linguistics have this problem: they're just not as interesting as the lumpers.’
- ‘Nonetheless I notice some hardcore lumpers are already expressing doubts.’
- ‘Charles Darwin divided taxonomists into lumpers and splitters.’
- ‘Of course whether a species should be retained in a former genus or placed in a new one is often an arbitrary choice, which brings us to the battle between the splitters and the lumpers.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.