Definition of lozenge in English:

lozenge

noun

  • 1A rhombus or diamond shape.

    • ‘The English method for dealing with hot boiled ham is to glaze it with brown sugar and mustard or fruit juice, and decorate by scoring the fat in a lozenge pattern and studding it with whole cloves.’
    • ‘Decoration is usually geometric and repetitive: lozenges, chevrons, and zigzags dominate.’
    • ‘The base of an ivory figurine will show the radiating, intersecting lines forming minute lozenges and concentric lines of lighter and darker color.’
    • ‘Notched, rounded, cut into fan or lozenge shapes, and sometimes folded over a dowel, these paintings presented richly textured planes of color - blood, rust, lipstick and fog.’
    • ‘Ornament was usually restricted to repetitive, geometric mouldings such as those of the lozenge, chevron, or zigzag type.’
    • ‘The yard goods usually had small-scale repeat patterning, often a simple diamond grid, a mixture of thin stripes and diamonds, or small lozenges.’
    • ‘Small lozenges surround it, their delicate patina evoking the gold and silver dust traditionally applied to Japanese lacquerware.’
    • ‘Big, blocky and simple, the polyester resin floor forms include halved lozenges, pointy-sided rectangular boxes and cubes, sometimes stacked or partially slid one into the other.’
    • ‘In each work, the larger lozenge shape snuggles like a floating sausage into a radically curved corner of the canvas, presiding over the conversation of the two beanlike shapes huddled together in a corner below.’
    • ‘The base also displays the same striping as the sides, whereas a cross section of ivory shows concentric lozenges.’
    • ‘He'd wake up with the lozenge pattern of the floor imprinted on his arm and face, but refreshed and ready to go.’
    • ‘The field is divided into shards and lozenges: the faceted forms of Cubist painting combine with the angled lines and rectangles of the Russian Suprematists.’
    • ‘You had to see the lozenge shapes in the drum at the base of the Americana in the context of the tail fins parked out front: This was a motor hotel in the city.’
    • ‘Many of these belts display a predominance of lozenges in different colors on a background divided into square or rectangular partitions that are also colored.’
    • ‘The windows with the lozenge pattern of leading are all found in pictures thought to have been painted in the late 1650s.’
    • ‘Many of the stones are engraved with ornamentations such as spirals, interconnecting loops, lozenges, and circles with lines emanating from them.’
    • ‘At the left of the screen was a lozenge shape circled in red.’
    • ‘I would like the cameo furnishing fabrics to participate in the revolution or total transformation that has already affected dress fabrics, which are now dominated by lozenge shapes.’
    rhombus, diamond shape, diamond
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    1. 1.1 A small medicinal tablet, originally in the shape of a lozenge, taken for sore throats and dissolved in the mouth.
      ‘throat lozenges’
      • ‘Anticipating actual legal reform, the development of cannabis beverages, lozenges, skin patches or other forms of delivery could be encouraged to diminish pulmonary hazards.’
      • ‘Stop taking the lozenges as soon as your cold is over.’
      • ‘To fight colds, use a zinc nasal spray four times a day or suck on zinc lozenges that contain 15 to 25 mg of zinc gluconate every two to four hours as soon as you notice symptoms.’
      • ‘Our medicine cabinets are stocked with throat lozenges, painkillers and antiseptic creams designed to restore us to immediate health after the slightest scratch.’
      • ‘Although the mineral can inhibit viral reproduction in test tubes, study results have been mixed, possibly because of insufficient doses or the type of zinc lozenges used.’
      • ‘Statistics show people who are supported to give up can double their success rate, as do those who use Nicotine Replacement Therapy such as patches, gum, or lozenges.’
      • ‘And if you've got a cold, the echinacea may help, but the vitamin C and zinc probably won't (only zinc lozenges seem to work).’
      • ‘For a sore throat, try lozenges obtained from your chemist, who is pleased to offer advice.’
      • ‘Nicotine replacement is available as chewing gum, transdermal patch, nasal spray, inhaler, sublingual tablet, and lozenge.’
      • ‘Until you're feeling better, salt-water gargles, throat lozenges or hot water with honey and lemon can help make having a sore throat easier to swallow.’
      • ‘In one experiment that compared zinc to a placebo, participants who sucked on zinc lozenges every couple of hours found that the length of their cold was cut in half.’
      • ‘But considering all the evidence, you're better off taking zinc lozenges than echinacea the next time you feel a cold coming on.’
      • ‘He looked a bit worried when I sat down at the table and produced a bunch of inhalers, some pills, a bottle of cough syrup and some throat lozenges and proceeded to stuff them all into my mouth…’
      • ‘It's also used in lozenges to soothe a sore throat.’
      • ‘But don't give hard candy, cough drops or throat lozenges to children under 4.’
      • ‘Throat sprays or lozenges also may help with sore throat pain.’
      • ‘Chewy lozenges and patches allow substances to be absorbed quickly through the skin into the bloodstream, thereby bypassing the digestive system, which could alter their medicinal effects.’
      • ‘In cough drops and lozenges, gum arabic soothes irritated mucous membranes.’
      • ‘Don't Stop Quitting: Smokers who are trying to kick the habit can double their chances of success by using patches, gum, lozenges, inhalers or nasal sprays containing nicotine.’
      • ‘Sucking of lozenges and pastilles produces saliva which lubricates and soothes inflamed tissues and washes infecting organisms off them.’
      pastille, tablet, pill, capsule, pilule, drop
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    2. 1.2Heraldry A charge in the shape of a solid diamond, in particular one on which the arms of an unmarried or widowed woman are displayed.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French losenge, probably derived from the base of Spanish losa, Portuguese lousa ‘slab’, late Latin lausiae (lapides) ‘stone slabs’.

Pronunciation

lozenge

/ˈläzənj//ˈlɑzəndʒ/