Main definitions of lower in English

: lower1lower2lower3

lower1

  • comparative of low

adjective

  • 1Less high in position.

    ‘the lower levels of the building’
    • ‘The proposal for a new building had a more plausible scale and circulation pattern in a somewhat lower structure.’
    • ‘Resuscitation may have dislodged it and allowed minute food particles to pass into the lower respiratory tract.’
    bottom, bottommost, under, underneath, further down, beneath, nether
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Less high in status or amount.
      ‘managers lower down the hierarchy’
      ‘lower costs will encourage people to buy’
      subordinate, inferior, lesser, junior, minor, secondary, lower-level, lower-grade, subsidiary, ancillary, second-fiddle, subservient
      cheaper, reduced, decreased, lessened, curtailed, pruned, cut, slashed
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 (of an animal or plant) showing relatively primitive or simple characteristics.
  • 2Geology Archaeology
    Denoting an older (and hence usually deeper) part of a stratigraphic division or archaeological deposit or the period in which it was formed or deposited.

    ‘Lower Cretaceous’
    ‘Lower Palaeolithic’
  • 3in place names Situated to the south.

    ‘the Lower East Side’

adverb

  • In or into a lower position.

    ‘the sun sank lower’

Pronunciation

lower

/ˈlō(ə)r//ˈloʊ(ə)r/

Main definitions of lower in English

: lower1lower2lower3

lower2

(also lour)

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • 1Look angry or sullen; frown.

    ‘the lofty statue lowers at patients in the infirmary’
    • ‘Two guys worked the kitchen - a dark, lowering, Heathcliffy fellow and a chirpy-looking, more English chap in glasses.’
    1. 1.1 (of the sky, weather, or landscape) look dark and threatening.
      ‘a day of lowering clouds’
      • ‘While their only rivals Sheffield Collegiate overcame the sea fret at Hull, Harrogate raced to beat dark, lowering Wolds cloud at Driffield.’
      • ‘The sky was a leaden gray, darkening and lowering towards the west, promising rain.’

noun

  • 1A scowl.

    1. 1.1 A dark and gloomy appearance of the sky, weather or landscape.

Origin

Middle English: of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

lower

/ˈlou(ə)r//ˈlaʊ(ə)r/

Main definitions of lower in English

: lower1lower2lower3

lower3

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Move (someone or something) in a downward direction.

    ‘he watched the coffin being lowered into the ground’
    • ‘Mules, lowered by rope down the narrow shaft into the mine, were used in the early mining operations.’
    • ‘He turned to tap on his laptop and a plasma screen lowered from the ceiling.’
    • ‘The eagle touched down, and the platform slowly lowered down to the ground.’
    • ‘A white disc is lowered into the water until it can no longer be seen.’
    • ‘A mere glance upwards at a bright lamp caused it to lower from the domed ceiling.’
    • ‘He gently lowered her head from his shoulder onto the pillow and got off the bed.’
    • ‘So ski patrollers finally slid along the cables, fitted the passengers with harnesses and lowered them to the ground one by one.’
    • ‘He stood by as baskets of mutton and fish were lowered in together like coffins in a communal grave.’
    • ‘Upon the third ring, my other hand released his and I lowered my fist, moving away from the elder man and back to my laptop.’
    • ‘Amidst the drizzle and the strong winds, the box was lowered into the water.’
    • ‘The national red-and-white flag was then lowered to half-mast.’
    • ‘Everyone watched in silence as the Stars and Stripes and the Union flag were lowered to half-mast.’
    • ‘As they watched, screens lowered from the ceiling to show the battle.’
    • ‘The first panel had been lowered into place and was being anchored.’
    • ‘He gently lowered his head and rested it on the cold glass.’
    • ‘Mona stood still as the casket was lowered slowly into the ground.’
    • ‘In Germany flags were lowered to half-mast at federal buildings.’
    • ‘He lowered his hand, moving his focus to the paints and pencils and brushes that had been forgotten for so long.’
    • ‘The new sonar is carefully lowered by crane into the water.’
    • ‘Villagers cheered as the building was lowered by crane off a flatbed lorry.’
    move down, let down, take down, haul down, drop, let fall, let sink
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Make or become less in amount, intensity, or degree.
      with object ‘traffic speeds must be lowered’
      ‘she lowered her voice to a whisper’
      no object ‘temperatures lowered’
      • ‘The announcement regarding the move to lower its debt is expected to be accompanied by confirmation that it is to make job cuts across the group to cut costs.’
      • ‘Stronger signals, reduction in congestion and lowering the drop call rate are on the agenda.’
      • ‘For instance, when Penn State students take off for the holidays, the temperatures in the buildings can be lowered to 55 degrees.’
      • ‘The second act has him lowering his own moral standards to do what proves necessary to survive.’
      • ‘Once completed the speed limit will be lowered from 40 mph to 30 mph.’
      • ‘We've seen tremendous moves made toward lowering the tension there.’
      • ‘Workers initially demanded a 24 percent wage increase which union officials lowered to 20 percent.’
      • ‘The move was meant to lower prices and encourage the building of more power plants.’
      • ‘The temperature can gradually be lowered but should never be allowed to fall below 45 degrees.’
      • ‘A tear glimmered and her voice lowered to a mere whisper.’
      • ‘Her voice lowered to a substantial degree, as if she spoke of something resentful.’
      • ‘The problem isn't merely that standards must be lowered in order for the weaker students to pass.’
      • ‘But they may have to be lowered later to prevent the rest of the economy sliding back into recession.’
      • ‘Costs, already greatly reduced, must be lowered even further if the airline is to compete in an increasingly cut-throat word.’
      • ‘Each concluded that department standards had been lowered.’
      • ‘When countries like Korea moved to lower their interest rates their currencies appreciated.’
      • ‘Cost is still an important part of the equation, but technology can lower costs without any need to move offshore.’
      • ‘Then I remembered where we were and lowered my voice again to a whisper.’
      • ‘The Fed lowered its overnight bank lending rate to 1.25 percent, the lowest since 1961, in November.’
      • ‘That is something the Executive has refused to do, on the grounds it would lower esteem for children from broken homes.’
      soften, modulate, quieten, hush, tone down, muffle, turn down, mute
      reduce, decrease, lessen, bring down, diminish, curtail, prune, pare, pare down, ease up on, cause to fall, slim down, mark down, cut, slash, axe
      subside, fall, fall off, recede, ebb, wane
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2lower oneself Behave in a way that is perceived as unworthy or debased.
      • ‘I think my greatest disappointment was really the commissioners' behavior with regard to lowering themselves to partisan politics.’
      • ‘Faced with the EU's biggest crisis for two decades - the French and Dutch rejection of the constitution - European politicians and much of the media are lowering themselves to the occasion.’
      • ‘I can't imagine the French lowering themselves to pay more attention to him than the other street performers on Parisian streets.’
      • ‘She will not regard it as lowering herself, or pandering to the male chauvinist ego.’
      • ‘But does it not say something if they are still trying to get more money by lowering themselves to prostitution?’
      • ‘You have lowered yourself to an extent I didn't think was conceivable.’
      • ‘He lowers himself and the book by covering these topics.’
      • ‘It makes perfect sense for supermodels to love me, but there's really no reason for them to be lowering themselves to fools like Pete.’
      • ‘Apparently that friend saw Lindt's photo on my blog and felt Lindt was lowering himself to be associated with a empty vessel like myself.’
      • ‘And so what if the media have lowered themselves to airing snuff films in an effort to boost ratings?’
      degrade, debase, demean, abase, humble, humiliate, downgrade, discredit, shame, dishonour, disgrace
      View synonyms

Phrases

  • lower the boom on

    • 1informal Treat or reprimand (someone) severely.

      • ‘They lowered the boom on him, for no particular reason, after a snap decision that only took a few months.’
      • ‘Let the credit card companies eat it for a while by telling them to tighten their new credit requirements - don't just suddenly lower the boom on people.’
      • ‘He says he simply forgot about memos in his own hand in 1981 and 1984 that show him lowering the boom on two previously undisclosed priests accused of molestation.’
      • ‘His edgy temper flared again on April 18, when he lowered the boom on a dry cleaner.’
      • ‘He came in and lowered the boom on a lot of people, and he didn't let people off the hook just because they were friendly or nice.’
      • ‘He was walking through the halls of the Department of Energy when an acquaintance came up to him and said, ‘Has Frank lowered the boom on you yet?’’
      1. 1.1Put a stop to (an activity)
        ‘let's lower the boom on high-level corruption’
        • ‘We just need to get a lock on power for another four years, and then we'll lower the boom on big government.’
        • ‘He can scarce contain his glee as he is lauded him for lowering the boom on government troughing.’

Pronunciation

lower

/ˈlō(ə)r//ˈloʊ(ə)r/