Definition of loquat in US English:



  • 1A small yellow egg-shaped acidic fruit.

    • ‘The golden loquat is the most popular fruit in the early summer.’
    • ‘The 13 kinds of fruit are sugar apples, pineapples, papayas, star fruits, mangoes, guavas, bell fruits, grapefruits, coconuts, loquats, plums, peaches and persimmons.’
    • ‘Good jams and jellies may be made from unripe loquats; and if the seeds are included these give an almond-like flavour.’
    • ‘Growing up in Kenya, my brother and I often shared the branches with a chameleon as we reached for the juicy, yellow loquats, keeping our eyes open for snakes.’
    • ‘And when taken in the commonly available syrup form, loquat soothes irritation in your throat.’
  • 2The evergreen eastern Asian tree of the rose family that bears the loquat, cultivated in subtropical regions both for its fruit and as an ornamental.

    Eriobotrya japonica, family Rosaceae

    • ‘In their garden, they had jackfruit, guava, mango and loquat trees which used to give them all their supply of fruit.’
    • ‘Numerous trees, including valley oaks Quercus lobata, redwoods and loquat trees, provide shade and visual delight.’
    • ‘Because the loquat, or Japanese plum, is symmetrical and has a dense, evergreen crown, it is desirable in the home landscape.’
    • ‘Although it's the depth of winter, the loquat trees are still verdant and the leaves of the osmanthus trees are fresh and green.’
    • ‘Along the way, I recognized peach, orange and loquat trees.’


Early 19th century: from Chinese dialect luh kwat ‘rush orange’.