Main definitions of long in English

: long1long2

long1

adjective

  • 1Measuring a great distance from end to end.

    ‘a long corridor’
    ‘long black hair’
    ‘the line for tickets was long’
    • ‘She has long straight blonde hair, which she usually wears in a ponytail.’
    • ‘He started the car and began to drive down the long road from the camp to the highway.’
    • ‘High hedging ensures a good deal of privacy and the long driveway provides ample parking.’
    • ‘Girls with long hair must tie it back with burgundy or black clips to match the uniform.’
    • ‘Neighbours say he had a pronounced limp and had shaved his head while retaining his long beard.’
    • ‘The strikes continue today and bosses are warning claimants and job seekers to expect long queues.’
    • ‘The President sits at the head of a long table, immaculately dressed in a suit and striped tie.’
    • ‘His face, though powerful, was marred by a long scar stretching across his forehead.’
    • ‘Turning, he could see the dark line of cliffs from which he had come, and a long stretch of beach.’
    • ‘The zoo was packed with happy children and there were long queues to get in.’
    • ‘The bride given in marriage by her father Tommy looked radiant in a white dress with long train.’
    • ‘She deftly ties a knot at the end of a long piece of thread before poking the other quickly through the needle's eye.’
    • ‘I am the last in a relatively long queue.’
    • ‘The hoods of their robes covered their heads, and they wore long belts of white rope.’
    • ‘Among the supplies is a heavy knife with a long blade that will work as a tool or a weapon.’
    • ‘He had long eyelashes.’
    • ‘She is described as white, about 25, of medium build, with long straight brown hair.’
    • ‘My room was at the end of a very long hallway with no doors along most of its length.’
    • ‘Some of the roads are long and winding which results in numerous blindspots along the way.’
    • ‘After a couple of lefts and a right she found herself in a long, straight corridor.’
    lengthy, of considerable length, extended, prolonged, extensive, stretched out, spread out
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (after a measurement and in questions) measuring a specified distance from end to end.
      ‘a boat 150 feet long’
      ‘how long is the leash?’
      • ‘The course is ten miles long with a five mile climb to the summit and a very fast descent over scree and rocks.’
      • ‘The longest bony fish in the sea, it grows up to nine metres long with a bright red crest that runs the entire length of its body.’
      • ‘How long is your garden?’
      • ‘How long is the scar?’
      • ‘At the moment the longest leaf is 4 inches long, with half an inch of stem to the main stem.’
      • ‘The route itself is 73 miles long and would probably take the average walker five or six days.’
      • ‘The tiny stick of metal was less than an inch long, and thinner than a paperclip.’
      • ‘It is about seven foot long and - other than some mould on the wood - is in excellent condition.’
      • ‘The structure, constructed entirely of reinforced concrete, is 200 metres long.’
      • ‘He had found an iron rod about a yard long on the riverbank.’
      • ‘It came in a box about three feet long and two feet wide.’
      • ‘The explosive device is a foot long and shaped like a cigar.’
      • ‘I pulled at it and it turned out to be a three to three and a half inch long piece of metal.’
      • ‘The fish must be forty five inches long.’
      in length, lengthways, lengthwise
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 (of a journey) covering a great distance.
      ‘I went for a long walk’
      • ‘Get up and stretch when on long journeys such as on a coach or plane.’
      • ‘In January 1642 the king left London and began a long journey round the Midlands and the north.’
      • ‘I had a long journey ahead of me, but the reward far outweighed the cost in effort.’
      • ‘By the time she got to Florida, the car had broken down and couldn't make the long journey back.’
      • ‘The long drive back offered everyone the chance to reflect on the trip.’
      • ‘Often his journeys involve long treks through remote regions, giving him time to look and think.’
      • ‘Years ago you needed a big car to be comfortable on long journeys, but not any more.’
      • ‘I've got to get up early in the morning as I have a long journey ahead of me.’
      • ‘They all looked bewildered and unkempt and had apparently had a very long journey.’
      • ‘Anyone who misses the bus for the return journey must make the long walk home.’
      • ‘The weary mother wept as the bus began its long journey back to her small village.’
      • ‘Wales march on, but for poor tired Italy, the long flight home will be a chance to reflect on what might have been.’
      • ‘The couple had made the long journey from Kent for the bags, joining the queue at 12.30 am.’
      • ‘We were very quickly trained, flew at very low level for a long way at night and succeeded.’
      • ‘The pilgrims had an extra long journey due to the extra security at the Airport.’
      • ‘Now nearly 60, Andrew is working as a trainer on lower pay and with a long journey to work.’
      • ‘‘This is an awfully long walk,’ he said casually.’
      • ‘Normally, cabbies asked to take clients on long journeys ask for the money up-front.’
      • ‘It should go without saying that it's vital to ensure that the car is capable of a long journey.’
      • ‘The long journey took its toll on the intrepid traveller as her petrol tank sprung a leak and her aerial fell off.’
    3. 1.3 (of a ball in sports) traveling a great distance, or further than expected or intended.
      ‘he threw a long ball to the catcher’
      • ‘A long ball by the excellent Tommy Farrell was headed clear.’
      • ‘One long Aberdeen ball upfield 30 seconds later and Riordan was to be harshly punished.’
      • ‘Reed hit a long free kick and this time Graham Curry headed over his keeper into the unguarded net.’
      • ‘The hilly golf terrain favored his long ball.’
      • ‘Five minutes later Owen beat Dixon to a long through ball and side footed the ball past Seaman for a late, late winner.’
      • ‘He can hit the long ball.’
      • ‘Henry is at his best when receiving long breakaway ball which allows him to run at defenders.’
    4. 1.4 (of a garment or sleeves on a garment) covering the whole of a person's legs or arms.
      ‘a sweater with long sleeves’
      • ‘Though it was a good 75 degrees out he was wearing pants and a long sleeve shirt.’
      • ‘I packed for Scotland with long sleeves and waterproofs but had to buy a t-shirt in the golf shop.’
      • ‘Her scathing glance slid over me, taking in the baggy shirt and long skirt.’
      • ‘The girls of six to ten shall be given skirts or long dresses, and the boys of six to fourteen shall be provided with trousers.’
      • ‘Cyclists and motorcyclists should always wear a protective helmet and long sleeves.’
      • ‘I almost didn't notice her for a second, but she tugged impatiently on my long sleeve.’
      • ‘He wore some kind of big baggy silken shirt with long sleeves that almost stretched down to the tips of his fingers.’
      • ‘She reached into the wardrobe and removed one of the long dresses that had caught her eye.’
      • ‘He wore a light blue sweatshirt with long sleeves and blue or black tracksuit bottoms.’
      • ‘He was a long white tunic reaching to the ankles and with long sleeves, made from white linen or wool.’
      • ‘She was dressed in a long skirt, which is not part of our school uniform.’
      • ‘Encumbered by her large handbag, she struggles keep her long skirt and shawl out of the mess.’
      • ‘The neck line dipped demurely and the long sleeves puffed slightly at the shoulders.’
      • ‘In Kenya, for instance, native women prefer to see female tourists in long skirts and sleeves.’
      • ‘He wore black pants with a maroon shirt, the long sleeves pushed up to his elbows.’
      • ‘I suggest he goes outside, puts on his first pair of long trousers, and then comes back.’
      • ‘They wore pale pink long dresses, fitted at the top and flowing at the bottom and carried cream and pink roses.’
      • ‘A lot of my friends wore miniskirts but I liked my long summer dress which was more comfortable.’
      • ‘He was clothed in a soiled tunic and long trousers that barely hid his bronzed feet and grubby toenails.’
      • ‘Shorts feel cool, but they can lead to burned legs: you need lightweight long trousers.’
    5. 1.5 Of elongated shape.
      ‘shaped like a torpedo, long and thin’
      • ‘Then they transfer the dye colours to it and roll out the substance into a long and thin shape.’
      • ‘His spear was simple, as well: a long, reasonably thin shaft of wood with an iron point at the end.’
      • ‘This is a long thin instrument with a light source at its tip, to light up the inside of the abdomen or pelvis.’
      • ‘Picking up a long pole with a hooked end, a farmer plucks down a pod and cleaves it open with a cutlass.’
      • ‘Well, let me just say that I'm sat at the computer drinking from a long, fluted glass.’
      • ‘He has long thin sideburns and was wearing silver oblong small-frame silver glasses.’
      • ‘His face was long and thin, his eyes a pale blue.’
      • ‘Now everyone's in a movie, or a TV show, drinking champagne out of long flutes on a Friday night.’
      • ‘Fill the bag with the roux and pipe long sausages of the mixture on to the tray.’
      • ‘Food is served on long low tables, tall enough to allow guests to sit cross legged and to belly up to the edge.’
      • ‘He walked over to a tree with a hollow in it, and pulled out a large bag with something long and thin in it.’
      • ‘The pancakes are served on long, thin wooden plates reflecting their size and shape.’
      • ‘There is a knack to dealing with a mango, which contains a long, thin stone to which the flesh clings for dear life.’
      • ‘The walls were covered in sponges and a few anemones but the beauty of the cave lay in its long, narrow shape.’
      • ‘I've noticed that a lot of people seem to be carrying long thin hockey stick shaped bags.’
      • ‘The finger bun was long and thin and had pink icing on top.’
      • ‘I was trying to explain to Thomas that these long thin clouds were from planes, and were kind of like train tracks.’
      • ‘It was a room of narrow but long shape, with two glassless windows with wooden shutters.’
      • ‘Addington is the larger of two adjacent long barrows overlooking a tributary of the Medway.’
      • ‘Just make sure you have a suitably long implement with which to scrape out the marrow so you can spread it on some toast.’
    6. 1.6informal (of a person) tall.
      • ‘A long woman standing nearby was staring at us.’
      • ‘He was a long lean man with grey eyes.’
  • 2Lasting or taking a great amount of time.

    ‘a long and distinguished career’
    ‘she took a long time to dress’
    • ‘Aged 39, he was looking forward to a long and successful career in local government.’
    • ‘They spent long periods chasing the ball.’
    • ‘Health problems need to be attended to and resolved or they can linger for a long time.’
    • ‘Swindon Traffic Police said long delays were expected due to the volume of the traffic.’
    • ‘It took her quite a long time to get dressed and undressed.’
    • ‘After an excruciatingly long pause, Amy gasped.’
    • ‘Britain's defeat means their long search for a gold medal in the men's team pursuit goes on.’
    • ‘However, if you had been a drugs dealer, you could have expected a long prison sentence.’
    • ‘Loud arguments and minor scuffles are a common sight, as the long wait wears down patience.’
    • ‘Once the trailers were over, there was an unusually long pause when the screen was just black.’
    • ‘At the end of another match he surprised the crowd by breaking into a long speech about Oscar Wilde.’
    • ‘If you are going on vacation for a long period, you can ask the neighbour to keep a watch on your home.’
    • ‘The irregular working hours and long gaps between jobs meant I had lots of time for boyfriends.’
    • ‘If they open their windows, the smell pervades their homes and lingers there for a long time.’
    • ‘Colleagues today paid tribute to their engine driver, who had made many friends during his long career.’
    • ‘Subsequently I have battled a lot of physical ailments, some of long duration.’
    • ‘Sometimes he takes a long time between balls and then, for a change, he simply turns and comes right at you.’
    • ‘I actually managed to get my long speech done in two takes which I was delighted with.’
    • ‘Nicole said that she did not think she would be ready to marry anyone for a long time.’
    • ‘The author had a long career in journalism and his final post was that of executive editor of the European.’
    prolonged, protracted, lengthy, overlong, extended, long-drawn-out, drawn-out, spun-out, dragged-out, seemingly endless, lingering, interminable
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 (after a noun of duration and in questions) lasting or taking a specified amount of time.
      ‘the debates will be 90 minutes long’
      • ‘If houses were built right next to the youth club, how long before the new owners object to the noise and disruption?’
      • ‘The question was asked how long would it take to recoup the cost of parking meters when few people were using some of the places.’
      • ‘The final excitement for my week was the several hour long blackout at work yesterday.’
      • ‘As if rowing and golfing hadn't been enough for one day, I then went for a hour long swim.’
      • ‘The government has organised a year-long celebration of the 60th anniversary of the late reggae icon Robert 'Bob' Nesta Marley.’
      • ‘So on the morning of the test we had an hour long lesson where we basically had to drive up to Palmer's Green to the test centre.’
      • ‘The only question in her mind, was how long would it take for everything to work out?’
      • ‘Last week I began a month-long experiment during which I’m trying to drink only water.’
      • ‘All sessions are 2 hours long.’
      • ‘The longest individual work here is a little over 11 minutes long, many last less than a minute.’
      • ‘I wonder - how long have you enjoyed gardening, and what helped to develop your interest in it?’
      • ‘How long did it take for women to get the right to vote?’
      • ‘How long do you have noticeable bruising and scars after facial surgery?’
      • ‘This can be entirely attributed to my participation in a six-and-a-half hour long meeting.’
      • ‘They used two bits from the hour long interview, and not the bits that I would necessarily have chosen.’
      • ‘My only question now is how long will I have to wait before house prices return to sensible levels again?’
    2. 2.2 Seeming to last more time than is the case; lengthy or tedious.
      ‘serving long hours on the committee’
      • ‘The tired and weary doormen can only hope it is not too long a night.’
      • ‘He candidly admits in the book he spent months on the couch and long hours with a marriage counsellor.’
      • ‘The lack of a break after a long year's tedious work will reduce the efficiency of teachers.’
      • ‘He had a solid game that day; as much as could be possibly expected after long months on the sidelines.’
      • ‘We turned into bed early that night, readying ourselves for what we expected would be a long day.’
      • ‘They were entertained through the long dark hours by live music and a fireworks display.’
      • ‘I haven't seen Liam for a while but when I do it'll probably be a very long night!’
      • ‘We hid for another five long cold hours, well into the night, as we sped across the desert towards the city.’
      • ‘A few days went by and it seemed like the summer was going to be very long and heading towards boring.’
      • ‘He has been here since the camp started, and the long nights get boring.’
      • ‘Trapped in the house together during the long curfew hours, Marie spent her days making marmalade.’
      • ‘She doesn't have a job and isn't allowed to go out, so she fills the long hours every day by teaching her kids how to swear.’
      • ‘There were long days when I was on my own with the physiotherapists, but it's all paid off.’
      • ‘Working in a sterile office for three long years left me repressed and saddened by the world.’
      • ‘I try to go shopping where they wrap for you, otherwise I have a long night of cursing and weeping.’
      • ‘It's been a long and very busy week, and the week ahead looks about the same, and I desperately need to wind down.’
      • ‘There were long, wet days when our house seemed so gloomy that I once burst into tears just driving up to it.’
      • ‘Six thirty in the evening and she was already dressed for the duration of a long night ahead.’
      • ‘I was very grateful to have one night at home, because I knew that it was going to be a long and crazy week.’
      • ‘They both walked up the stairs to get dressed for the long day that lay ahead of them.’
    3. 2.3 (of a person's memory) retaining things for a great amount of time.
      • ‘You don't need a long memory to have perspective in sport, just a memory.’
      • ‘Those of us with long political memories tend to look back at events of the past and expect history to repeat itself.’
      • ‘Those with long memories can recall what happened in the city of Ann Arbor, in the early 1970s.’
      • ‘The Parisian spectators have long memories and they do not like a bad loser.’
      • ‘I'm a historian with a long memory and a sentimental attachment to my past.’
      • ‘Wiltshire people have long memories as the County Council cabinet will find to their cost.’
      • ‘Maybe the voters will have long memories when the next elections come around.’
      • ‘Although he affects a gentle demeanour, O'Leary has a long memory and his opinions can be acidic.’
  • 3Relatively great in extent.

    ‘write a long report’
    ‘a long list of candidates’
    • ‘Getting older no longer leads to a long list of activities that you fear even attempting.’
    • ‘I met a German lady who sat in the piazza with a dictionary so that she could write a long letter to me.’
    • ‘I made a long list of promises to God of how good I'd be in future if only we could get this sorted out.’
    • ‘The attacks are the latest in a long list of violent crimes to have blighted Yorkshire in the last month.’
    • ‘Lots of things are bad for us, including a long list of potentially unhealthy foods.’
    • ‘He was the original Hollywood heart-throb, a star with good looks and a long list of lovers.’
    • ‘The former president has a long list of credits not only here at home but abroad.’
    • ‘Rarely before had such a long novel been allowed the integrity to express itself.’
    • ‘Don't be put off by the long list of ingredients: it is really easy to make.’
    • ‘An incredibly long menu makes perfect sense in head office, but causes havoc in the kitchen.’
    • ‘Inquiry reports are often long, comprehensive, densely written, and hard to read.’
    • ‘All I came up with was a series of brain achingly long reports that left me more confused than when I started.’
    • ‘Ms Kelly said the department eventually put out a long report so that no one would notice its conclusions.’
    • ‘Vegetarians are well catered for and the chef will rustle up a long list of meat-free dishes on request.’
    • ‘Now they have turned to a police offender profiler to try and narrow down a long list of potential suspects.’
    • ‘The long list of activities includes boxing training, snooker and computer games.’
    • ‘While both men have a long list of achievements to their credit, neither is in the first flush of youth.’
    • ‘Despite a long list of honorary titles she has remained far from grand.’
    • ‘The vegetarian menu takes up a page, and there is a long list of fish and poultry dishes.’
    • ‘Replacing the bathroom was way down on a long list of home improvement jobs, but it has now made it to the top.’
    1. 3.1 (after a noun of extent and in questions) having a specified extent.
      ‘the statement was three pages long’
      • ‘I've got a list of things about five sheets long to work on.’
      • ‘The full hand-written letter had originally been presented as just one sheet of paper but it is actually ten sides long.’
      • ‘How long is the book?’
      • ‘How long will each section of the report be?’
      • ‘The script, he says, is approximately 800-1000 pages long, the equivalent to eight to ten hours of dialogue.’
  • 4Phonetics
    (of a vowel) categorized as long with regard to quality and length (e.g., in standard American English, the vowel /uː/ in food is long, as distinct from the short vowel /ʊ/ in good)

    • ‘In French, Italian, and Scottish English long vowels occur in a narrow range of positions and in general do not affect meaning.’
    • ‘The big problem with long vowels is that there is more than one way to spell the same sound.’
    • ‘French long vowels always occur on stressed syllables.’
    1. 4.1Prosody (of a vowel or syllable) having the greater of the two recognized durations.
      • ‘Let's assume that long syllables take just twice as long to say as short ones.’
      • ‘A trochee is a metrical foot of two syllables, the first long and the second short.’
      • ‘Vocal delivery feels like a poetry reading, spoken as much as sung, but with long drawn syllables.’
  • 5(of odds or a chance) reflecting or representing a low level of probability.

    ‘winning against long odds’
    ‘you're taking a long chance’
    • ‘There was an element of ill luck, but every so often, as gamblers would tell us, long odds do come off.’
    • ‘The odds are long, the rewards are high, but there is no assurance of winning.’
    • ‘Today is merely the start of a difficult but worthy process undertaken against long odds.’
    • ‘Given how things went into qualifying, it was quite a long call to expect a podium finish.’
    • ‘If you were a betting man, you could have got long odds on such a run of bad luck.’
    • ‘Finally the soldier muttered something to the effect that he was going to take the long chance.’
    • ‘The odds are long that the venture will be a success.’
    • ‘In reality I knew the odds were long, and that my tendency towards scepticism would hold strong.’
    • ‘Despite the long odds, she's hoping someone in the unemployment lines will take up the challenge.’
  • 6Finance
    (of shares, bonds, or other assets) bought in advance, with the expectation of a rise in price.

    • ‘Provided that restricted shares can be bought at a deep discount to market, it would make much sense for the group holding long shares to try and convert those shares into a far greater number of restricted shares.’
    • ‘Is there a worldwide shortage of long bonds?’
    • ‘That does not rule out the potential of long stocks that are going up during a down- trending market, but the probability of that happening is not as high as the alternative.’
    • ‘After all, back in the seventies, the long bond yield was up in the mid teens.’
    • ‘For this reason, their value is often calculated by making reference to the long bond yield.’
    1. 6.1 (of a broker or their position in the market) buying or based on long stocks.
      • ‘Traders are well advised to enter into a long position and place a protective stop below the latest low in the market.’
      • ‘Traders and investors who limit themselves to long positions are conceding a big advantage to market professionals who are just as likely to go short as go long.’
      • ‘This is so because the central bank is on the long side of the bond market most of the time.’
      • ‘When markets turn vulnerable, the enterprising speculator may this time decide to reverse his long position and go short.’
      • ‘Buy-ins are generated by a long broker to close out an open fail with a counterparty.’
    2. 6.2 (of a security) maturing at a distant date.
      • ‘Issuers who are unwilling to pay the price to sell these long securities can instead sell shorter maturities.’
      • ‘Long securities are such a good substitute for cash.’
  • 7long oninformal Well-supplied with.

    ‘an industry that seems long on ideas but short on cash’
    • ‘Many of the businesses we work in seem long on management and short on leadership.’
    • ‘He is long on promises, but short on accomplishments.’
    • ‘And while Scotland were long on perspiration, they were woefully short on inspiration.’
    • ‘They are long on opinions, but short on evidence.’
    • ‘The hearing which followed was long on plausibility, but short on actuality.’
    • ‘Both movies are extremely long on mystery and innuendo.’
    • ‘The minister has shown she is long on rhetoric but short on action.’

noun

  • 1A long interval or period.

    ‘see you before long’
    ‘it will not be for long’
    • ‘A family business cannot survive for long without a family to run as well as own it.’
    • ‘Before long the story spread throughout the city of the crazy man who had purchased a dream.’
    • ‘Why does it take so long to mend an escalator?’
    • ‘Then discuss it, but not for long, because this is a technique actors use to delay standing up and doing it.’
    • ‘He insisted that he had problems adapting to society after spending so long behind bars.’
    • ‘Before long they had three young daughters.’
    • ‘Before long you're plotting weekends cycling in the country and perhaps a touring holiday or two.’
    • ‘Before long, fantasy not only intrudes into reality but becomes the only reality.’
    • ‘Before too long the mass denial and the conspiracy theories will flourish again.’
    soon, shortly, presently, in the near future, in a short time, in a little while, in a minute, in a moment
    View synonyms
  • 2A long sound such as a long signal in Morse code or a long vowel or syllable.

    ‘two longs and a short’
    • ‘He blew two longs, a short and a long on the steam whistle as the train inched toward its top speed of 20 miles an hour.’
    • ‘SOS is three longs, followed by three shorts, and another three longs.’
  • 3longsFinance
    Long-dated securities, especially gilt-edged securities.

    • ‘If the dollar rises, gold will face pressure and may need to shake out more of the weaker longs before resuming its rise.’
    • ‘In a weekly uptrend, continue adding to longs whenever the force index turns negative; continually add to shorts in downtrends whenever the force index turns positive.’
    • ‘At this level we will accumulate dollar longs and warn buyers of gold stocks to watch out for a renewed decline if the dollar's seasonal pattern holds true.’
    • ‘As such we have exited longs and will look to buy again after the coming retracement.’
    1. 3.1 Assets held in a long position.
      • ‘Looking at the pattern of returns emerging from the whole portfolio - mixing up longs and shorts and any currency overlays - does not give enough information.’
      • ‘The risk of the longs is that the price will fall.’
      • ‘What this tells us is that the funds had begun to not only eliminate longs but were in the process of actually building a short position since the technical indicators had all flipped negative.’

adverb

  • 1For a long time.

    ‘we hadn't known them long’
    ‘an experience they will long remember’
    ‘his long-awaited Grand Prix debut’
    • ‘On Booker shortlists, the preponderance of some subjects over others has long been a source of comment.’
    • ‘The Government Information Service had long been a byword for incompetence.’
    • ‘The Roman Catholic Church has long been criticised for failing to keep up with the times.’
    • ‘Nor are you likely to be waiting here long before somebody recognises your need for a cold drink or a coffee.’
    • ‘I like my job, but other than that, there aren't really many reasons for me to stay long at all.’
    • ‘In the United States, voting has long been a minority activity; so it is becoming in Britain.’
    • ‘Scotland has long had a relatively low population compared with similar European countries.’
    • ‘Having been a racegoer for twenty years there are a couple of performances that live long in the memory.’
    • ‘Both initiatives came into effect yesterday and both are things the taxi drivers have long campaigned for.’
    • ‘The film has a power that causes it to linger long in the memory.’
    • ‘They had long been sought by police in connection with a series of violent motorcycle thefts.’
    • ‘He has channelled his emotional pain into a vigorous and passionate account that will live long in my memory.’
    • ‘The prospect of a woman defeating a man in sport has long had allure in America.’
    • ‘This was a darts match that will live long in the memory of all who witnessed it.’
    • ‘Rangers and United had their moments, but not enough at either end to make it a match that will live long in the memory.’
    • ‘At barbecues, food must not be left lying around too long outside and must be cooked thoroughly.’
    • ‘I will think long and hard before I give my number out again.’
    • ‘Einstein had long lived in horror of his bomb, which was supposed to erase evil from the planet.’
    • ‘Don't you think that cloud is staying there awfully long?’
    • ‘Journalists, and their editors, have long rankled at the obvious attempt at manipulation.’
    1. 1.1 In questions about a period of time.
      ‘how long have you been working?’
      • ‘Tell me about Jodie, how long you'd known her and how close you were, what sort of person she was.’
      • ‘Dedicated nurses will let the patient know how long they could be waiting for treatment.’
      • ‘But organisers are not sure how long they can keep it going without more volunteers to help run it.’
      • ‘Find out how long it will last and what type of questions you will be asked so you can track the progress of the interview.’
      • ‘I'm hopeful that I will find another job but who knows how long it will take.’
      • ‘We asked them questions too, about how long they had been there and when they would be getting out.’
      • ‘Mr Atkins said it was unknown how long the building would be closed for.’
      • ‘Have I been a raging misogynist for this long and simply not realised it?’
      • ‘David isn't really sure how long he'll be here.’
      • ‘Police said they had no idea how long the factory had been in operation, but estimated it to be around three or four months.’
      • ‘I'm not sure how long you have lived away from these shores but the British Empire does not exist anymore.’
      • ‘I'm not sure if I should join as I don't know how long I will stay with the company.’
      • ‘Questions ranged from how long the baby had been on mother's milk to how often the baby fell sick.’
      • ‘When Scots meet me for the first time, they always ask how long I've been here.’
      • ‘How do you prepare for the winter when you have no clue how long it will last?’
      • ‘I can't look at that picture without wondering how long it took them to get those shadows under his eyes.’
      • ‘How long he can remain on the fence is a question for an uncertain future.’
      • ‘He did not say how long the military would delay an attack on the headquarters.’
      • ‘A key question is how long it will take for new policies to take effect.’
      • ‘Checking into a hotel that night, he was asked how long he was staying.’
    2. 1.2 At a time distant from a specified event or point of time.
      ‘the work was compiled long after his death’
      ‘it was abandoned long ago’
      • ‘There is no doubt that the Allies knew about the death camps long before the Russians liberated Majdanek.’
      • ‘Several of the action sequences will live in the memory long after the end of the final credits.’
      • ‘Some of these books were on the shelves long before I started to use the library nine years ago.’
      • ‘Not long ago, my partner and I went on a week's vacation to Sicily.’
      • ‘Helen's lust for him died long before the end of the war.’
      • ‘Meanwhile a forlorn figure leant against a goalpost long after the finish.’
      • ‘We lost faith in pensions long ago.’
      • ‘Tunisia put the ball in Spain's net, but the whistle had long since gone for offside.’
      • ‘The rock was a meteorite, blasted off the Red Planet long ago by the impact of a comet.’
      • ‘I gave up alcohol long ago as it would completely destroy me for days after.’
      • ‘The match proved a disaster for striker Ryan Senior, who broke a leg not long after his goal.’
      • ‘I do not hear my mother come out of the sitting room until long after I have gone to bed.’
      • ‘It's a particularly unfashionable old hat that ought to have gone to the charity shop long ago.’
      • ‘I'd go with my pals and play football or go cycling, even though this was long before mountain bikes came along.’
      • ‘I gave up smoking long ago.’
      • ‘All of the gospel writers wrote their stories of Jesus' teaching and actions long after his death.’
      • ‘The men long ago stopped wearing tribal costumes.’
      • ‘Doctors Hilary and Alan Hill fell in love with Argyll long before moving there.’
      • ‘Bob sleighing was popular in and around La Plagne long before the Olympic course was built.’
      • ‘Yet the Olympics have long since ceased to be a jamboree for the elite.’
    3. 1.3comparative , with negative After an implied point of time.
      ‘he could not wait any longer’
      • ‘They will not keep you any longer than necessary.’
      • ‘We won't wait any longer for this country's children have health care and a quality education.’
      • ‘Her father was a very important man in the city and he could not stay any longer no matter what his daughter wished.’
    4. 1.4 (after a noun of duration) throughout a specified period of time.
      ‘it rained all day long’
      • ‘They will be in bloom all summer long, and require very little attention.’
      • ‘It's had a great spirit all season long and everybody came through for everybody else.’
      • ‘Fatigue didn't matter, the ten men of Brazil could have kept the ball all day long and England knew it.’
      • ‘The Percy committee is busy fund raising all year long to come up with the money for their event.’
      • ‘I have to spend my precious day off in front of a PC doing nothing but geeky stuff all day long.’
      • ‘Hayfever hits as many as one in ten of us every year, but for some allergy sufferers, the symptoms can last all year long.’
      • ‘One Act Play Weekends showcase two to four plays that are, you guessed it, one act long.’
      • ‘It is Everton who have been playing a cup final every week, all season long.’
      • ‘The seniors told us, the new students, to do a lot of silly things all day long.’
      • ‘The training period was pleasantly like being paid money to play cards all day long.’
      • ‘I'd throw a ball against the wall of our house all day long to learn the basics because I had no-one to play with.’
      • ‘I almost felt like bursting into tears because we've taken so much flak all year long.’
      • ‘There is a cinema which shows movies all day long and I am actually off to watch one in a few minutes.’
      • ‘This is one of my all time favourite dishes - I could eat it all day long.’
      • ‘It is no secret that Shutt has worked all year long to find such a player.’
      • ‘All night long the hockey pictures gaze down at you sleeping in your tracksuit.’
  • 2(with reference to the ball in sports) at, to, or over a great distance, or further than expected or intended.

    ‘the quarterback dropped back and threw the ball long’
    • ‘Instead, he pulls ten men back and hoofs the ball long, to be chased or held up by a willing workhorse.’
    • ‘Bristol had a lineout on their own line and hooker Neil McCarthy threw the ball long.’
    • ‘Unfortunately we fell into that trap and started just lumping the ball long which isn't our style.’
    • ‘Pete started off on the first tee hitting the ball very long and right down the middle.’
    • ‘The front two had little support other than balls knocked long to alleviate the pressure.’
    1. 2.1 Beyond the point aimed at; too far.
      ‘he threw the ball long’
      • ‘It was only towards the end that Murray put some real beef into his shots, and then too often the ball flew long or wide.’
      • ‘You can hit the ball harder and take a longer swing while minimizing the risk of sending the ball long.’
      • ‘The ball went long and out of play.’
      • ‘The Belgian then began to get flustered and started spraying the balls long and wide.’
      • ‘Too often Rio Ferdinand looked up and knocked it long because he didn't have an option.’

Phrases

  • as (or so) long as

    • 1During the whole time that.

      ‘they have been there as long as anyone can remember’
      • ‘Ducks have been part of the village scene in Bledington for as long as anyone can remember.’
      • ‘Ever have a picture on the wall, or something on a shelf that seemed to be there for as long as you can remember?’
      • ‘Scotland is a magnificent country which has voted Labour for as long as most of us can remember.’
      • ‘His mother taught six- and seven-year-olds at the local school and had done for as long as he could remember.’
      • ‘He said it was a great day for the town and one he would remember as long as he lived.’
      • ‘Newton's theory of gravity will be used as long as there are scientists on this planet.’
      • ‘I'm not sure when this one got started, but it has been going on as long as I can remember.’
      • ‘The first house was empty, boarded up, and had been for as long as the boy could remember.’
      • ‘For as long as I can remember, my home city has had pretensions to be something that it is not.’
      • ‘There had been no rain in the valley for as long as the children could remember.’
    • 2Provided that.

      ‘as long as you fed him, he would be cooperative’
      • ‘What we do with our private lives seems not to matter, as long as it doesn't harm anyone else.’
      • ‘There are few moral limits imposed, so long as what happens is between consenting adults.’
      • ‘I don't care what I look like when fishing, so long as I am mobile and, if possible, not too hot or too cold.’
      • ‘Security is not a problem as long as you never give anyone your password or security details.’
      • ‘They don't mind what anyone else does or is - so long as they get equal freedom in return.’
      • ‘These can be a good idea, as long as you remember to revisit your accounts at the end of the bonus period.’
      • ‘The government maintains that it does not matter who provides the services so long as they are publicly funded.’
      • ‘The advantage of the essay question is that you can play to your strengths - so long as what you write is relevant.’
      • ‘We are happy for anyone to pick this up as long as it is not used for any commercial purpose.’
      • ‘People have the right to live how they choose, so long as they do not place themselves or others in danger.’
  • be long

    • Take a long time to happen or arrive.

      ‘sit down, tea won't be long’
      ‘it won't be long before you're hooked’
      • ‘It will not be long before you can buy network television programming without ads for a monthly fee.’
      • ‘He knew the twelve o'clock train would not be long.’
      • ‘Tell them I won't be long.’
      • ‘I'm sure it won't be long before someone decides they really should get that old lotto ticket in their wallet checked out, and finds themselves a little bit richer.’
      • ‘It may not be long before Americans see a new English hero.’
  • in the long run

    • Over or after a long period of time; eventually.

      ‘it saves money in the long run’
      • ‘Engineering skills are no longer appreciated in this country and we will all suffer in the long run for it.’
      • ‘I gave up music to do Latin because I thought it would be better in the long run.’
      • ‘The earlier you take action, the less money it will cost you in the long run.’
      • ‘Of course it would be difficult, but the benefits in the long run would be worth it.’
      • ‘The project will both use a renewable source of power as well as save the university money in the long run.’
      • ‘As well as improving performance, the new units would also save money in the long run.’
      • ‘Although bosses admit the changes will cause teething problems they say it will work well in the long run.’
      • ‘He said two teachers had already been recruited but they were looking for about ten more in the long run.’
      • ‘They may trap you for several years on a variable rate which could prove expensive in the long run.’
      • ‘Constantly exceeding the normal hours of work is not, in the long run, of benefit to employers.’
      eventually, in the end, ultimately, when all is said and done, in the final analysis, in the fullness of time
      View synonyms
  • long ago

    • In the distant past.

      ‘long ago an unmarried girl was considered her father's property’
      ‘her son died long ago’
      as modifier ‘time has marched on since my long-ago youth’
      • ‘Long ago, barbers played a prominent role in medicine and dentistry.’
      • ‘It's way too late but these children should have been adopted by capable parents long ago.’
      • ‘It might have been part of a pirate or a viking ship long ago.’
      • ‘Long ago, marriage was more financially motivated than a matter of the heart.’
      • ‘The energy is all derived from the photosynthesis of plants long ago.’
      • ‘Long ago, ice used to be a novelty, shipped across the world in massive chunks carved from frozen lakes and rivers.’
      • ‘The Andamanese have a number of stories which are told to the younger people by their elders and relate to the doings of their ancestors in a time long ago.’
      • ‘Longer ago than I care to remember, I was privileged enough to be elected student union president of my college.’
      • ‘Long ago when I was in high school, my baseball coach provided "oil of wintergreen" for our sore muscles.’
      • ‘Attempts to transmute other metals to gold may have been made as long ago as the Bronze Age.’
      long ago, bygone
      View synonyms
  • the long and the short of it

    • All that can or need be said.

      ‘the long and short of it is that he got himself mugged’
      • ‘Anyway, the long and the short of it is that I got a free new modem out of it.’
      • ‘So, the long and the short of it was that twice a day, a swarm of four hundred eleven- to sixteen-year-olds would attempt to cross the busiest road in the south of England by bike.’
      • ‘And then the long and the short of it was that we went back to where we stayed and there was no sign of her back there.’
      • ‘Anyway, the long and the short of it is that when the lights go down in the house there are five of us in the audience (in a theatre holding 98), and what we see is absolutely marvellous.’
      • ‘Anyway, the long and the short of it is that in the check in line on my way to Germany, I realised I had my Swiss Army Knife in my pocket.’
      • ‘He's shell shocked, is the long and the short of it.’
      • ‘I had some blood tests a couple of weeks ago, to see how the drug has been working and, the long and the short of it is, it hasn't.’
      • ‘The long and the short of it is that we pay ourselves too well and the cost has to be recouped by service and product providers.’
      • ‘Anyway, the long and the short of it is that I have a trial session booked up for Thursday after work.’
      • ‘I'm just somebody serving food and that's the long and the short of it.’
  • long in the tooth

    • Rather old.

      • ‘My old home computer was getting a little long in the tooth, so I decided it was time to upgrade to a speedy new machine.’
      • ‘After a career in building he decided he was too long in the tooth and looked to something more gentle - funeral directory.’
      • ‘I think I am too long in the tooth to start adopting the dress down policy of many of today's businesses.’
      • ‘I'm only 29 so I hope that doesn't make me long in the tooth, I started driving a logging truck when I was 17.’
      • ‘But the car was looking increasingly long in the tooth, despite continuous design improvements.’
      • ‘I'm too long in the tooth and I'm too old to be bluffed.’
      • ‘‘I felt we were getting a bit long in the tooth,’ he said.’
      • ‘His gaggle of girlfriends all seem suspiciously long in the tooth to qualify as high-school students.’
      • ‘I'm a bit too long in the tooth to get too worked up about these things any more.’
      • ‘He assures me he is far too long in the tooth to compete against the current world title holders, who nowadays are in their teens.’
  • long time no see

    • informal It's a long time since we last met (used as a greeting)

      • ‘Mark, the instructor who I've mentioned before in a post said hi, and asked where I was… long time no see.’
      • ‘She was about to pick up one of her bags when she saw Sam looking at her, ‘Hi, long time no see.’’
      • ‘So nice of you to join us Andrew, long time no see.’
      • ‘I never stopped to say hello, long time no see.’
      • ‘‘Oh, hello, Ryan, long time no see,’ Adrienne's father, Michael Moore greeted me when I rang their doorbell.’
      • ‘Hey there stranger, long time no see.’
      • ‘‘Hey Zoë, long time no see,’ he greeted casually.’
      • ‘‘Hello, long time no see,’ Astor remarked to Belinda as the ladies crowded into the somewhat ungenerous dressing room.’
      • ‘Sweetie, long time no see, where have you been hiding?’
      • ‘Kevin turned around, and smiled politely, ‘Hey Conner, long time no see.’’
  • not long ago

    • Recently.

      ‘not long ago he came across a rattlesnake outside his house’
      • ‘Not long ago such a demand would have seemed both radical and unfeasible.’
      • ‘Not long ago, bicycles were the main mode of transportation here.’
      • ‘Not long ago a friend of mine moved to Bangalore.’
      • ‘The Foreign Minister spoke to journalists not long ago.’
      • ‘Not long ago, I began rereading the novels of Jane Austen.’
      • ‘Not long ago most economists in the US were lamenting the fact that we had such a low savings rate while Japan had such a high savings rate.’
      • ‘I did a Washington fundraiser gig not long ago.’
      • ‘This subject came up not long ago at a dinner party.’
      • ‘This reminds me of a discussion I had with a friend not long ago.’
      • ‘You may not be aware that her father died not long ago.’
      not long ago, a short time ago, in the last few days, in the last few months, in the last few weeks, in the past few days, in the past few months, in the past few weeks, a little while back
      View synonyms
  • take the long view

    • Think beyond the current situation; plan for the future.

      • ‘As a company we are not taken in by fads, we take the long view.’
      • ‘It would seem that in this one unique instance the government is taking the long view.’
      • ‘Rarely do government officials take the long view.’
      • ‘But as a technology publication, we like to take the long view here, and we try to determine the long-term viability of technologies, not just their instant gratification factor.’
      • ‘The energy industry has always had to take the long view.’
      • ‘He came across as the charismatic voice of reason, talking sense and taking the long view.’
      • ‘If history teaches us anything, it's to take the long view.’
      • ‘In the hyperactive world of investing - with its rapid trades and lust for instant wealth - some analysts take the long view.’
      • ‘He had held many of his views since early adulthood, and he took the long view.’
      • ‘Conservative strategists taking the long view must already be realizing the next election, generally expected just a few months from now, could turn out disastrously for the new party.’

Origin

Old English lang, long (adjective), lange, longe (adverb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch and German lang.

Pronunciation

Main definitions of long in English

: long1long2

long2

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • Have a strong wish or desire.

    ‘she longed for a little more excitement’
    with infinitive ‘we are longing to see the new baby’
    • ‘According to what few accounts we have of him he thought the word of his daughter and longed to see her again.’
    • ‘There have been moments, many of them, when I have longed to be re-united with it.’
    • ‘Oh how I longed for a platform indicator that actually told you when the next train was due, not just where it was going.’
    • ‘It was not much more than a shack but soon they were joined by local women who had longed for the day when a convent would be opened.’
    • ‘I longed for a digital system that would hold the information from the letters and leave paper and dust behind.’
    • ‘He longed to know what nobility was exactly, so he could be sure that he had it.’
    • ‘Her husband believes she is David's biggest fan and she has longed to meet him since she was a schoolgirl.’
    • ‘I longed to return to the crime narrative to find out what happens next.’
    • ‘How he longed for the summer when they would both jet off to Italy for their special times together.’
    • ‘He played football but longed to be a kick-boxer, a dream that perished on the rock of short and stumpy legs.’
    • ‘She longed to see a powerful revival among the neglected and helpless widows of India.’
    • ‘I've always longed for a sweet and affectionate, yet unbelievably cool, nickname.’
    • ‘I longed to get a steady rhythm going and muttered impatiently that we had a mountain to climb.’
    • ‘She had longed so eagerly to charm, to be desired, to be wildly attractive and sought after.’
    • ‘She laughs and says she has longed for the ring for a great time and wished to take it.’
    • ‘He ached for her and longed to show her that he loved her and that he wouldn't leave her.’
    • ‘Rupert and Robin both hated boarding school and they longed to live at home.’
    • ‘I longed for my parents to hire a horse-drawn cab instead of a taxi but that did not happen.’
    • ‘I longed for a bath, clean linen and a bed - any kind of bed that would allow me to stretch and relax.’
    • ‘They do not understand how much I long for it, how I have longed for it ever since I was a girl.’
    yearn, pine, ache, wish, burn, hanker after, hanker for, hunger, thirst, itch, pant, hope, be eager, be desperate, be consumed with desire, be unable to wait, would give one's eye teeth
    View synonyms

Origin

Old English langian ‘grow long, prolong’, also ‘dwell in thought, yearn’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch langen ‘present, offer’ and German langen ‘reach, extend’.

Pronunciation