Definition of Lollard in US English:



  • A follower of the 14th century English religious reformerJohn Wycliffe. The Lollards believed that the church should aid people to live a life of evangelical poverty and imitate Jesus Christ. Their ideas influenced the thought of John Huss, who in turn influenced Martin Luther.

    • ‘After Wycliffe's death, nearly thirty years passed before the authorities persecuted the Lollards with any severity.’
    • ‘A century later, he was rediscovered by Wycliffe and revered by the Lollards, but their opponents also found plenty to suit them in his work.’
    • ‘Wyclif's followers, the Lollards, were also branded heretics.’
    • ‘In doctrinal matters, there were heretics like the Lollards, Hussites, Waldensians and others - these were the sectarian groups who uttered sedition and blasphemy.’
    • ‘Today, our increasingly ‘mediaeval’ nation needs to be viewed through the eyes of John Wyclif and his Lollards.’
    • ‘Among much broader goals, the Lollards affirmed a form of consubstantiation - that the Eucharist remained physically bread and wine, while becoming spiritually the body and blood of Christ.’
    • ‘The Lollards were the most significant heretical group in England before the Reformation.’
    • ‘The Lollards were followers of Wycliffe, at first composed of his supporters at Oxford and the royal court.’
    • ‘Like the Lollards of the Reformation and the rationalists of the Enlightenment, all we have is reason and an unswerving commitment to changing this world, since it's the only one we've got.’
    • ‘Although the book spans a period from the Lollards to New Labour, Rose primarily examines the autodidact tradition from around the time of the Reform Bill up to the end of the Second World War.’
    • ‘Wyclif had attacked the orthodox theory of the Eucharist, but Lollards generally went well beyond him.’
    • ‘The exception was a widespread underground movement, the Lollards.’
    • ‘Both the English Lollards and the Bohemian Hussites were condemned as heretical for their popular condemnation of the sale of indulgences, calls for vernacular translations of the Bible, and free preaching of the gospel.’
    • ‘The followers of Wycliffe's ideas, known as Lollards, were vociferous in support of such demands.’
    • ‘If the Lollards had not existed, it would have been necessary to invent them.’
    • ‘An enormously bloated religious class straddles society, attempting to throttle its own internal opposition, the Lollards.’
    • ‘The Lollard name is of unknown origin and meaning, but signified a return to a simpler creed.’
    • ‘Some Lollards, however, continued to operate underground in a loosely organised but often deep-rooted way.’
    • ‘One of the great accomplishments of the Lollards was their translation of the first English Bible.’
    • ‘The publication of yet another study of the late medieval English heretics known as Lollards may give some scholars pause.’


Late Middle English: originally a derogatory term, derived from a Dutch word meaning ‘mumbler’, based on lollen ‘to mumble’.