Definition of locative in US English:



  • Relating to or denoting a case in some languages of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives, expressing location.

    • ‘Where the formula is used of persons, copulative verbs or expressions that denote ‘being in Christ’ are usually locative, whereas active verbs may be either locative or instrumental.’
    • ‘In these conditions, participants could process the picture prior to seeing the locative term.’
    • ‘Forty trials each represented scenes and locative terms where both reference frames were correct, where the intrinsic frame was correct, and where the relative frame was correct.’
    • ‘This experiment also used four canonical locative terms (right, left, front, and back) for completeness.’
    • ‘Non-personal expressions may be either locative or instrumental, though even in the latter instances the locative sense is not absent entirely, and hence he sees the locative notion is the most common.’
    • ‘Experiment 1 showed a larger negativity between 300 and 375 ms after the locative term when the term did not apply to the intrinsic reference frame.’
    • ‘Participants saw the picture, followed by the locative term. in the simultaneous condition, the picture and locative term appeared at the same time.’
    • ‘As also reflected by the N400 in Experiment 1, participants appear to have more difficulty integrating the locative term to the relative frame interpretation of the picture.’
    • ‘Trials were defined by which frame the locative term described.’
    • ‘Word stimuli consisted of three locative terms, left, right, and front.’
    • ‘The locative case denotes the place where an action occurs.’
    • ‘The present study uses a simplified methodology from Taylor et al., requiring participants to respond to a single locative term instead of a descriptor phrase.’
    • ‘For me, ‘in the soup’ is one of the various locative idioms for being in trouble - up the creek, in a fix, in deep gumbo - and the AHD agrees.’
    • ‘This is a locative noun, which is a grammatical category used when creating names for places in Algonquian.’
    • ‘First, the fact that we found no systematic differences between sentences with different locative prepositions is probably because of the specific types of locative prepositions in our experiment.’
    • ‘Doubtless the basic from of this noun exists in Mw., but we only recorded the locative form and thus now cannot be certain about what the correct vowel quantity is in the basic form.’
    • ‘RT was measured from onset of the locative term to key press.’
    • ‘The deictic, directional, and locative constructions differ, however, with respect both to their semantics and to the kinds of items that are eligible to fill the X and V slots.’
    • ‘Grammatical action here resides in the verb form chhu, expressing a locative state of being.’


the locative
  • 1The locative case.

    • ‘A locative is essential to any expression involving put; even if the intended location is evident from the context, the locative may not be omitted.’
    1. 1.1 A word in the locative case.
      • ‘We show how these lexical functions can be used and refined to extract potential realizations of frame elements such as typical instruments or typical locatives, which are believed to be recurrent elements in a large number of frames.’
      • ‘It is interesting that their usual surnames are all patronymics or matronymics, rather than the locatives that would be more likely were any of the four from immigrant families.’


Early 19th century: from locate, on the pattern of vocative.