Surgical removal of a calculus (stone) from the bladder, kidney, or urinary tract.
- ‘Early Hindu surgeons performed advanced eye operations and practised lithotomy (surgical removal of a stone from the urinary tract) and plastic surgery.’
- ‘In passing, until the advent of anaesthetics and antisepsis about 200 years later, the only internal operation generally undertaken was removal of bladder stones, or lithotomy as it was called.’
- ‘Cheselden at St Thomas's introduced the keeping of accurate records that enabled him to analyse the morbidity and mortality of his lithotomy operation for bladder stones.’
Mid 17th century: via late Latin from Greek lithotomia (see litho-, -tomy).
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.