Definition of lithology in US English:



  • 1The study of the general physical characteristics of rocks.

    Compare with petrology
    1. 1.1 The general physical characteristics of a rock or the rocks in a particular area.
      ‘the lithology of South Dakota’
      • ‘Layers 2 and 3 are commonly subdivided in terms of the details of lithology and physical properties.’
      • ‘The host lithology consists of bioclastic silt and siliciclastic sand, characteristic of deposition in a biostrome flank setting.’
      • ‘Johnson, in 1953, studied its lithology and stratigraphy, and in 1958, its paleontological features.’
      • ‘Several factors have been suggested to influence the displacement/length ratios of faults, including fault geometry, lithology, fault interaction, and the spatial and temporal distribution of strain.’
      • ‘The volume, distribution and lithology of this volcanism, however, shows considerable differences between the two areas.’