Definition of listeria in US English:

listeria

noun

  • 1A type of bacterium which infects humans and other warm-blooded animals through contaminated food.

    Listeria monocytogenes; motile aerobic Gram-positive rods

    • ‘Droppings carry potentially dangerous bacteria like listeria and salmonella that can cause a range of illnesses including meningitis.’
    • ‘Results of infection by common bacteria such as salmonella, campylobacter and listeria can include vomiting, stomach cramps, diarrhoea, or even death.’
    • ‘Bacteria such as listeria and salmonella can be dangerous to the unborn baby.’
    • ‘Droppings carry potentially dangerous bacteria such as listeria and salmonella that can cause a range of illnesses including meningitis, pneumonia and lung damage.’
    • ‘Of course, they are referring to salmonella, E. coli, listeria and other dangerous bacteria found in our food supply every day.’
    1. 1.1informal Food poisoning or other disease caused by infection with listeria; listeriosis.
      • ‘Of course, one would then run the risk of listeria and serious diseases like that.’
      • ‘Manure from factory farms has been linked to diseases such as E. coli, listeria, and cryptosporidium.’

Origin

1940s: modern Latin, named after Joseph Lister (see Lister, Joseph).

Pronunciation

listeria

/ləˈstɪriə//ləˈstirēə/