Main definitions of lime in English

: lime1lime2lime3

lime1

noun

  • 1A white caustic alkaline substance consisting of calcium oxide, which is obtained by heating limestone and which combines with water with the production of much heat; quicklime.

    • ‘He published his first paper in 1816 on caustic lime from Tuscany.’
    • ‘A mixture of bean paste and lime is applied to stencil patterns on the cotton before it is dyed with indigo.’
    • ‘By pressing a button on the bottom, water mixes with quicklime, producing a chemical reaction that heats the coffee.’
    • ‘Hydrated slaked lime is slaked quicklime that has reacted with water to form calcium hydroxide.’
    • ‘In early times, people roasted limestone to obtain lime (calcium oxide), a base.’
    • ‘The mineral, carbonate of lime, assumes an immense diversity of characters, though no one doubts that under all these Protean changes it is one and the same thing.’
    • ‘We have two manufacturing plants which produce high calcium quicklime and hydrated lime products.’
    • ‘They used various materials such as lime, copper, silica, iron oxides, and chalk to produce numerous colors.’
    • ‘The pH can be adjusted by adding hydrated lime or caustic soda.’
    • ‘Magnesia, quicklime, and nitric acid all seemed promising for a time, but failed.’
    • ‘Calcium oxide, more commonly known as lime or quicklime, has been studied by scholars as far back as the pre-Christian era.’
    • ‘If the burning chemical is a powder-like substance such as lime, brush it off the skin before flushing.’
    • ‘Studies of old vineyard soils in Bordeaux have shown that fertility can be restored by heavy applications of organic matter, lime, phosphorus, and potassium.’
    • ‘All of the water is chemically combined with the quicklime, so the product remains a ‘dry’, free-flowing powder.’
    • ‘This occurs when finely divided amorphous silica particles combine with available lime to form a calcium silicate hydrate.’
    • ‘Kathleen Jamie should have used quicklime rather than caustic soda to deflesh her gannet's skull, but maggots would have been best.’
    • ‘Some contractors rework soft spots in the subgrade material, mixing quicklime (hydrated lime) or fly ash into the material to help dry it out or bind it together.’
    • ‘If the hair on the skin were to be removed, urine, quicklime or wood ash was use in solution into which the hide was steeped and then rubbed or left to soak into the wet surface.’
    • ‘People made their own containing milk protein, quicklime and earth pigments, and giving a variety of colours from browns to greens.’
    • ‘In the laboratory higher concentration ethanol, with less water, can be produced by refluxing the rectified spirit with quicklime and then distilling the alcohol mixture.’
    1. 1.1 A white alkaline substance consisting of calcium hydroxide, made by adding water to quicklime.
      • ‘Thin slices of the nut, either natural or processed, may be mixed with a variety of substances including slaked lime (calcium hydroxide) and spices such as cardamom, coconut, and saffron.’
      • ‘It will have to be pretty much to plan, using bricks and lime mortar and proper wooden sashes for the windows.’
      • ‘It is almost impossible for molds and bacteria that harm people to grow on lime plaster or on concrete.’
      • ‘A technique that dates back 5,000 years or more, buon fresco - or true fresco - involves the application of five layers of plaster made from a mixture of slaked lime and sand.’
      • ‘At the French army's tricolour-splashed Foyer du Soldat, we see the resurrection of cooling lime plaster cremated under cement.’
      • ‘The first part, using slaked lime, should take about 20-30 minutes, while the second part should not add more than 15 minutes of practical work.’
      • ‘Hydrated slaked lime is slaked quicklime that has reacted with water to form calcium hydroxide.’
      • ‘To cure the problem conservationists have tapped the wisdom of the abbey's ancient builders and are planning to replace the cement with a medieval hydrolic lime mortar mix.’
      • ‘Check whether your building or part of it is constructed with any of the traditional building materials like lime, laterite, granite, wood, mud or the like.’
      • ‘Colors are fresh and pure and the calcium hydroxide slaked lime into which the fresco is painted lends a reflective brightness unmatched by other painting mediums.’
      • ‘When quicklime is soaked in water, it is changed to calcium hydroxide or slaked lime.’
      • ‘Weigh shovelsful of lime and cement separately so you can calculate approximate water needs for your mix.’
      • ‘Hydrated lime is actually slaked lime that has been dried and repulverized by the manufacturing company and is ready for use.’
      • ‘All repairs to ancient monuments have to be done under official supervision, and then old techniques like lime mortar have to be used.’
      • ‘Rectangular in shape, the Fort, made of lime and mortar, extends to an area of 16,200 square metres.’
      • ‘Studies at the Getty Conservation Institute on high-reactivity quicklime have identified the parameters for developing high-quality slaked lime putty to be used in the comparative evaluations.’
      • ‘It's about 800 years old, and still contains traces of lime mortar, indicating it was probably used in the tanning process.’
      • ‘Stucco is a siding material made of Portland cement, sand, lime and water.’
      • ‘The bales are stacked on stone footings and lime plaster will coat the outside walls.’
      • ‘Well-versed in building and building materials, he used a traditional mortar of lime and sand to decorate his small cottage with shells.’
    2. 1.2 (in general use) any of a number of calcium compounds, especially calcium hydroxide, used as an additive to soil or water.
      • ‘In general, lime does not move downward further than plow depth in an organic soil.’
      • ‘Or you may set your plant in sharp sand, and mix some lime with the soil which you replace.’
      • ‘Some vineyards affected by copper toxicity in the Bordeaux area are much reduced in vigour, but the problem can be overcome by adding lime to the soil.’
      • ‘Additionally, lime enables soils that are not productive to become effective.’
      • ‘General purpose cement and lime are commonly used in subgrade stabilisation by Australian councils.’
      • ‘Often, it is determined that the soil needs more lime.’
      • ‘Add lime if the soil's pH is too low; autumn is the best time to apply.’
      • ‘Less lime is generally required on bottomland, more on hillsides and the most on hilltops.’
      • ‘In general, lime is offered in two different forms - dry and liquid.’
      • ‘This can be accomplished by frequently adding small amounts of lime to the soil surface.’
      • ‘Mix a shovel full of compost, a handful of bone meal, and a little Dolomite lime to the soil which was removed.’
      • ‘The durability of the soil - lime specimens was also similarly affected.’
      • ‘One thing that they did toward this end was to mix lime into the soil.’
      • ‘In its pure form it is a light, whitish metal; but it is seldom thus seen because it reacts violently with water to form lime (calcium hydroxide).’
      • ‘Once you have the results of the soil test, you can add nutrients or soil amendments such as lime, as needed.’
      • ‘So, it's best to use lime sparingly on soils, especially those with a high Ph (alkaline).’
      • ‘Ideally, the laboratory testing procedure adopted should emulate site conditions as closely as possible to quantify reactivity of the soil with lime.’
      • ‘The level of soluble calcium in lime slurry is significantly increased with the addition of silica fume.’
      • ‘Use lime, if needed, to adjust soil pH and raise calcium levels.’
      • ‘In extremely acidic soils some lime may be needed as well.’
    3. 1.3archaic Birdlime.

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Treat (soil or water) with lime to reduce acidity and improve fertility or oxygen levels.

    • ‘It is at a time like this when farmers should plan to get their fields limed because failure to plan for such important issues that affect their business is definitely preparing to fail-PALISAH’
    • ‘As with calcium, availability of magnesium is also determined largely by soil pH. When soils are adequately limed with high-magnesium limestone, magnesium deficiencies are not likely to occur.’
    • ‘Fertilizing and liming the area will improve cover conditions as will the construction of a brush pile for additional cover.’
    • ‘He offers advice on crocus bulbs, liming the roses, putting coffee grounds on the chives.’
    • ‘The soil was limed by applying 5 • 5 g CaCO 3 kg - 1 soil.’
    • ‘Government bodies since the 1950s have pushed landowners and offered subsidies to plough up or lime the heather to allow the spread of grass.’
    • ‘Soil is limed in some areas to improve barley growth and productivity on acid soils, but this practice is often economically unfeasible.’
    • ‘If the bulbs are planted deeply it is possible to leave them undisturbed for two or three years although acid or neutral soil will have to be limed.’
    • ‘The ponds are refilled with seawater and fresh water to produce a salinity of 2-10 ppt and limed to a neutral pH.’
    • ‘Records show that in Mazabuka, Chibombo and Mumbwa, a large number of farmers confirm that lime usage had improved their yields tremendously.’
    • ‘Groundsmen lime the rugger fields for the student young of the great and the good.’
    • ‘Soils previously limed heavily for a garden or other crops in the past may need the pH lowered.’
    • ‘The rest will become available over time, and many nutrients will also become more available when a soil is limed.’
    • ‘Avoid spreading urea on land limed less than nine months ago.’
    1. 1.1often as adjective limed Give (wood) a bleached appearance by treating it with lime.
      ‘limed oak dining furniture’
      • ‘The kitchen is fitted with limed oak units, granite-effect worktops and a tiled splashback, as well as a ceramic-tiled floor with underfloor heating.’
      • ‘The kitchen is fitted with handmade limed oak presses, while there is also a breakfast room with access to the back garden. Upstairs are four bedrooms, a bathroom and a separate shower room.’
      • ‘A room currently used as a study, but which could also make a third bedroom, also has a cast-iron fireplace as well as built-in presses and limed tongue-and-groove floorboards.’
      • ‘Beds are set on platforms or suspended from ceilings, bathtubs are hewn from blocks of black granite or pale limestone, and the bare wood floorboards are wide, limed and lacquered.’
      • ‘To the right is a large, galley-style kitchen area with limed oak units, a double oven and hob and a breakfast bar.’
      • ‘Both interconnected reception rooms are decorated in contemporary grey tones and are laid in limed wooden antique floorboards.’
      • ‘The kitchen, to the rear, has limed oak units at ground and eye level, a tiled worktop and splashback.’
      • ‘There is a good-sized drawing room features a French-style limed oak fireplace and polished wood floor.’
      • ‘On one side, a stone wall has been fully exposed and the white wooden flooring has a limed wash finish.’
  • 2archaic Catch (a bird) with birdlime.

Origin

Old English līm, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch lijm, German Leim, also to loam.

Pronunciation:

lime

/līm/

Main definitions of lime in English

: lime1lime2lime3

lime2

noun

  • 1A rounded citrus fruit similar to a lemon but greener, smaller, and with a distinctive acid flavor.

    • ‘You'll also need limes, lemons, olives and lots of ice.’
    • ‘The citric acid in lemons or limes has a similar effect, although this is not called ‘cooking’.’
    • ‘It came on a correctly pre-warmed plate with a baked potato, a selection of steamed vegetables, half a lime and a pepper grinder - no need to ask!’
    • ‘If substituting lemons for limes, you need to double the amount to reach the required strength of flavour.’
    • ‘Consider adding whole lemons, limes, oranges, grapefruits and even kumquats to main courses as they cook.’
    • ‘‘Soda adds the refreshment and the lime adds the citrus twist to counterbalance the honey sweetness,’ Parnell said.’
    • ‘It is capable of juicing lemons, oranges, limes and grapefruit.’
    • ‘I have a wooden citrus reamer that I use for small doses of things like limes or lemons and I have a glass juicer handed down to me by my grandmother that I use for larger quantities.’
    • ‘Oranges, lemons, limes, mandarins or other citrus fruit from Queensland will be banned from entering any other state or territory, threatening at least $100 million worth of fruit still to be picked in the state.’
    • ‘Citric acid is an organic (carbon based) acid found in nearly all citrus fruits, particularly lemons, limes, and grapefruits.’
    • ‘The limes add dimensions of flavour beyond tart or citrusy.’
    • ‘Then we actually make a couple of our own rums, a citrus one in which we soak lemons, limes and oranges.’
    • ‘Oranges, lemons and limes are particularly high in Vitamin C. Carrots provide vitamin D and spinach is rich in iron.’
    • ‘It worked out great: the lime and salt and pepper gave the beef the kick it needed to fully inflate its potential.’
    • ‘Lemons, limes, and oranges can be frozen whole.’
    • ‘Surprisingly complex for one so young, delivering flavours of spice, limes, lemons, orange peel and oatmeal, all harmoniously threaded with ripe acidity.’
    • ‘When you have too many lemons or limes or oranges and some are going to spoil, slice some thinly and then freeze the slices.’
    • ‘Finely grate the zest of the limes into a bowl, add the juice of the limes, stir in the condensed milk and then the cream.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, cut lemons or limes into wedges, and simmer the olives in a little water to reduce saltiness.’
    • ‘Orchards carpet the land in parts of California, and oranges, lemons, limes, and other citrus are familiar trees in home gardens.’
  • 2The evergreen citrus tree that produces the lime, widely cultivated in warm climates.

    • ‘In the western zone, oranges, limes, and bananas are cultivated.’
    • ‘It belongs to the citrus family, Rutaceae, but is not a true lime.’
    • ‘In the same way, every small home in the Caribbean has always kept some vegetables and a fruit tree (usually a lime, but also other citrus).’
  • 3A bright light green color like that of a lime.

    [as modifier] ‘day-glo orange, pink, or lime green’
    • ‘When off duty he will have one other suit, either lime green, electric blue or maroon and he will often wear the jacket with a pair of black trousers.’
    • ‘With cheerful colours from lime green to pineapple yellow, they promise to make the steaming hot days a little more bearable.’
    • ‘Now I have on a bright neon lime green T-shirt and I'm not a small girl, so you can't miss me.’
    • ‘Big colours include pink, lime green, bright blues and more sombre chocolate browns and off whites.’
    • ‘Artfully arranged under this symphony of green and white is a pair of equally beautiful, lime-green, soft-leathered, hand-stitched, high-heeled Manolos.’
    • ‘She shut her bedroom door with a click and lit her lime green lava lamp, glancing over at her clock to check the time.’
    • ‘His attire will be haphazardly thrown together, but he'll still look good, except perhaps when he's wearing the lime-green slacks with the purple blazer.’
    • ‘Asters look fabulous combined with gold variegated trailing ivies and heathers with lime-green or flame coloured foliage.’
    • ‘He intends to not be here to see what lime-green, red and purple look like against the background of blue walls already illuminated by dubious tubelights.’
    • ‘We contemplated lots of different colors before settling on some sort of lime green or apple green.’
    • ‘The only information I had about him was that he was about 6ft tall and would be wearing something lime-green coloured.’
    • ‘The lime-green walls are almost completely covered with dozens of perfectly spaced framed posters advertising horror and science-fiction movies of the Thirties, Forties and Fifties.’
    • ‘Believing the sky to be lime green with bright orange spots isn't faith, it's psychosis.’
    • ‘Paired with the bright lime green tank top she was wearing, and the hot pink miniskirt, she looked quite odd.’
    • ‘Novelty colours available are lime green and a dark red seemingly black.’
    • ‘It's a strange thing when a letter from the school principal arrives on lime green and aqua stationery.’
    • ‘Today she has Purple and lime green socks and a matching scarf.’
    • ‘It was a comfortable room with walnut end tables, coffee table and paneling, moss green carpet, drapes and dark green throws on the lime-green couch and chair.’
    • ‘To do this, the couple painted the gallery using a vibrant lime-green, teal and purple palette.’
    • ‘The main bedroom - in cream and lime-green, with a beige ottoman at the foot of the queen-size bed - is the epitome of cosiness.’
    greenish, viridescent
    View synonyms

Origin

Mid 17th century: from French, from modern Provençal limo, Spanish lima, from Arabic līma; compare with lemon.

Pronunciation:

lime

/līm/

Main definitions of lime in English

: lime1lime2lime3

lime3

(also lime tree)

noun

  • another term for linden, especially the European linden
    • ‘At the hamlet's Milbank House, a lime, a conker and a turkey oak shade a stone culvert and set their seed and nuts.’
    • ‘Since 2000, 32 different species of tree have been planted including oak, ash, small-leaved limes and bird cherry, while a carpet of bluebells and daffodils has also been sown.’
    • ‘Using trees such as lime, ash, sycamore and chestnut results in a imposing display which is far superior to what smaller garden trees produce.’
    • ‘Residents fear cutting the 30 ft limes, which formed part of an avenue of trees leading to All Saints Church, to hedge height, could open the way for renewed attempts to develop land on the rectory site.’
    • ‘I asked him if the lime tree season was over and if that was why our limes were turning yellowish-orange.’
    • ‘Most of our timber trees are introductions too: oak, ash and elm are native, but sycamore, lime, maple, spruce, Douglas fir are all aliens.’
    • ‘We don't mean by ‘tree’ quite what our animist forebears meant by the word they used to talk about oaks, limes, and beeches.’
    • ‘It was also about this time that lines of magnificent beech trees were planted along the front avenue, roadside and Nun's Walk and specimen limes, beeches and chestnuts planted in the park.’
    • ‘As we descended in the jungle, Jim Johnson pointed out domestic and medicinal plants - cinnamon, cashew, limes and soursop.’
    • ‘On the island, I followed indistinct paths through the lime, oak and black alder trees.’
    • ‘Growing conifers is still important, but oaks, ash, and limes are now seen as a way of restoring ancient woodlands and promoting more diverse flora and fauna.’
    • ‘Elms and limes are, as trees go, very different to the eye - at least when in full leaf.’
    • ‘Some willow trees will be lost by the development but trees like hornbeam, lime and birch will remain with preservation orders on them.’
    • ‘Many trees, such as lime, sycamore, horse chestnut and willow provide excellent bee forage.’
    • ‘The Lough Tree - often called The Love Tree - is a lime tree thought to be more than 200 years old.’
    • ‘As you walk along the rides at this time of the year you can see the wonderful glow of red and scarlet oaks, the luminous yellows of lime and tulip trees, and the russet, orange and gold of maples and Persian ironwood.’
    • ‘Marcia pointed out that at the same time as the High Street trees were planted a lime tree was put in the churchyard at the top of the street.’
    • ‘The car park fronting the baroque facade of Wentworth is due to be replaced by authentic sweeping parkland and a lime and oak-lined avenue.’
    • ‘Next we took the valley bottom road and there met only two walkers and a laden tractor and then, after a conker tree and a lime tree, reached the farmstead of Lower Askew.’
    • ‘The gardens which surround the property include beech, lime and holm oak trees while in the eastern corner is an ancient churchyard.’

Origin

Early 17th century: alteration of obsolete line, from Old English lind (see linden).

Pronunciation:

lime

/līm/