Main definitions of liege in English

: liege1Liège2

liege1

adjective

historical
  • attributive Concerned with or relating to the relationship between a feudal superior and a vassal.

    ‘an oath of fealty and liege homage’
    • ‘The Scottish king submitted completely, offering liege homage and a 15,000 mark fine.’
    • ‘So, he decided to require each European lord to take an oath of liege homage to him upon their arrival.’
    • ‘This concept lead in the 9th century to the concept of liege homage; that is, the one lord whom the vassal must obey even if it meant the harm of his other masters.’
    • ‘At the Treaty of Paris in 1259 Henry III accepted that he held Aquitaine as a fief of the French crown and owed liege homage.’
    • ‘In 1334 Balliol had to pay the price, performing liege homage to Edward for his kingdom, and ceding much of southern Scotland to Edward III's direct rule.’

Main definitions of liege in English

: liege1Liège2

Liège2

proper noun

  • 1A province of eastern Belgium. Formerly ruled by independent prince-bishops, it became a part of the Netherlands in 1815 and of Belgium in 1830.

    Flemish name Luik
    1. 1.1 The capital of Liège, situated at the junction of the Meuse and Ourthe rivers; population 190,102 (2008)

Origin

Middle English: via Old French lige, liege from medieval Latin laeticus, probably of Germanic origin.

Pronunciation

Liège

/lēˈeZH//liˈɛʒ/

noun

historical
  • 1A feudal superior or sovereign.

    • ‘We have searched as we could, my liege, but the northern lords object to our presence more strongly every day.’
    • ‘There was only one thing that it was truly concerned for and that was to kill and to destroy any individual that dared to come against his liege, the Dark Master.’
    • ‘My liege, Lord Ivan may have, to some extent, the ability to read thoughts.’
    • ‘I myself think that Americans should recognize the Queen as their rightful liege lord and rejoin the British Commonwealth!’
    • ‘Master, how is my liege lord the retired Emperor today?’
    liege lord, lord, feudal lord, seigneur, suzerain, overlord, master, chief, chieftain, superior, monarch, sovereign, baron, ruler
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A vassal or subject.
      ‘the king's lieges’
      • ‘But the sun would soon set on Japanese rule of the island and create uncertainty for Taiwanese like Tsao, who were taught to speak Japanese and think of themselves as lieges of the emperor.’
      • ‘He took Angevin power to its zenith and made himself overlord of Ireland with a campaign in 1171, gaining the loyalty of important Irish rulers and establishing Normans as his lieges in Leinster.’