One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A synthetic compound used as a local anesthetic, e.g., for dental surgery, and in treating abnormal heart rhythms.
An aromatic amide; chemical formula: C₁₄H₂₂N₂O
- ‘He or she may advise you to apply a thick layer of an over-the-counter cream containing the anesthetic lidocaine to your skin 45 minutes before treatment.’
- ‘An injectable solution of 1 percent lidocaine or 1 percent procaine is usually used.’
- ‘Two days after admission, the lidocaine and erythromycin were discontinued and a transvenous pacemaker was positioned in the right ventricular apex.’
- ‘The surgeon, therefore, suggested that the nurse add epinephrine to the plain lidocaine rather than waiting for the medication to be ordered and arrive from the pharmacy.’
- ‘The question exists as to why both the lidocaine and the placebo saline solution would have an inhibitory effect on muscle-firing characteristics.’
1940s: from ( acetani)lid(e) + -caine (from cocaine).
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