Definition of lexicon in English:

lexicon

noun

  • 1The vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge.

    ‘the size of the English lexicon’
    • ‘Calling Potter a writer undermines a great deal of the depth and dynamics he brought to the lexicon of language.’
    • ‘Into the dustbin with them went a whole lexicon of language.’
    • ‘After years of exaggerating the snow-vocabulary of arctic peoples, suddenly journalists everywhere are obsessed with the allegedly gaping holes in northland lexicons.’
    • ‘The term entered the political lexicon as a word synonymous with corruption and scandal, yet the Watergate Hotel is one of Washington's plushest hotels.’
    • ‘The terms represent both old and new in the modern lexicon of Cockney rhyming slang.’
    • ‘The first route involves direct connections between a written word and its location in the orthographic lexicon.’
    • ‘We conclude that sophisticated numerical competence can be present in the absence of a well-developed lexicon of number words.’
    • ‘This theory represents a written word in the mental lexicon as a network of semantic, orthographic, and phonological features.’
    • ‘Critically, Morton and Patterson assumed distinct orthographic and phonological lexicons that contain no conceptual knowledge.’
    • ‘I'm learning a whole new vocabulary, a secret lexicon known only to amputees and prosthetists.’
    • ‘Your lexicon was the modern language of Scottish business, not the old Labour view of by-gone coalmines and steelworks.’
    • ‘Morgan argues that forcing organization theory into lexicons, literal language and precise formulations is a retrograde step.’
    • ‘Respondents in both groups typically viewed their personal lexicon as containing less than 40,000 words, and the size of their active vocabulary as no more than 20,000 words.’
    • ‘William Gibson couldn't have guessed how the word he invented would breed and infect the lexicon.’
    • ‘These iconographies dictate the semantics of his copper extracts and moderate to become the lexicon of his visual language.’
    • ‘It seems from the neologistic lexicon that most branches of medicine can now have a telecoms component, from teleradiology and telepathology to telenursing and telepsychiatry.’
    • ‘These approaches have quite different origins in artificial intelligence and linguistics, and involve corpus input, lexicons and knowledge bases in quite different ways.’
    • ‘For example, she was instrumental in creating and validating a standardized descriptive language - flavor lexicons - for cheddar cheese flavor.’
    • ‘His living lexicon of the English language, coupled with his incredible intellect, made life electric for those around him.’
    • ‘About 135 km into the day, I learnt another valuable definition in the lexicon of cycling language.’
    word stock, lexis
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    1. 1.1 A dictionary, especially of Greek, Hebrew, Syriac, or Arabic.
      ‘a Greek–Latin lexicon’
      • ‘Before you do anything else, unpack the language lexicon and speech database.’
      • ‘Funding will support fieldwork and other activities relevant to recording, documenting, and archiving endangered languages, including the preparation of lexicons, grammars, text samples, and databases.’
      • ‘So Ross, despite a demonstrable ignorance of even the most basic Hebrew and an inability to use Hebrew lexicons correctly, discovers amazing insights, thanks to ‘science’.’
      • ‘The celebrated Brown, Driver and Briggs Hebrew lexicon presents the two roots as follows.’
      • ‘In addition the German missionaries also produced Tulu lexicon and Tulu-English dictionary.’
      • ‘The publication of French dictionaries and lexicons by Enlightenment scholars further eroded regionalisms.’
      • ‘It is just as easy to access dictionaries, concordances and lexicons, the program having simultaneously located all references to your passage in the books included in your search.’
      • ‘They would just never consider looking it up in a dictionary or a lexicon.’
      • ‘That of course is where Greek lexicons like those referenced to above are helpful.’
      dictionary, wordbook, vocabulary list, glossary, wordfinder
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Origin

Early 17th century: modern Latin, from Greek lexikon (biblion) ‘(book) of words’, from lexis ‘word’, from legein ‘speak’.

Pronunciation