Definition of lexical in English:



  • 1Relating to the words or vocabulary of a language.

    ‘lexical analysis’
    • ‘To make the issue more concrete, suppose that a researcher wants to test the effects of language frequency on lexical decision times.’
    • ‘First, the relatedness of forms will serve to structure the language's lexical resources.’
    • ‘The composite arises when levels of complex lexical structure come from different languages.’
    • ‘Oral-language assessments must measure the essential elements of knowing a language, not just lexical knowledge.’
    • ‘In terms of lexical category ambiguity, languages do differ in the extent to which their word-forms are specialized for syntactic function.’
    • ‘The extended mechanism turned out to be capable of giving a principled account of lexical blocking, the pragmatics of adjectives, and systematic polysemy.’
    • ‘When linguists set up sets of words for lexical comparison, whether for classical subgrouping or for lexicostatistics, they are typically arranged by glosses.’
    • ‘The paper considers similarities and differences between names in Hebrew and Arabic as a specific lexical group within their vocabularies.’
    • ‘Further it is hypothesized that there are different formulators for each language, while there is one lexicon where lexical elements from different languages are stored together.’
    • ‘Experiments 1 and 2 investigated the influence of an orthographic lexical context upon spoken word discrimination.’
    • ‘Nevertheless, there is an inverse correlation between the lexical expansion of a language and the iconicity of its grammar.’
    • ‘Then we get to the real nitty-gritty, what we call the lexical words, the words that carry a distinctive semantic content.’
    • ‘A more contentious claim is that this benefit is associated with a costs: skilled readers are said to be unable to prevent lexical and semantic analyses of words.’
    • ‘Based on this, scholars have accepted that around 2,000 word families provide the lexical resources to engage in everyday spoken English discourse.’
    • ‘The interaction between the vision of colors and odor determination is investigated through lexical analysis of experts' wine tasting comments.’
    • ‘They are designed to fool lexical analysis tools that examine the word content of an email and recognize common ‘spam’ terms.’
    • ‘However, the lexical perceptions of unbiased native speaker/hearers are pretty consistent.’
    • ‘It seems to be, at this intermediate stage of nominal determiner grammaticalization, a lexical feature of indefinites rather than an effect of syntactic or pragmatic factors.’
    • ‘This paper examines the aspect hypothesis, which asserts that verb inflections in early interlanguage systems function primarily as markers of lexical aspect independent of the target language.’
    • ‘It is a tonal Mon-Khmer language with strong Chinese lexical influences.’
    1. 1.1Relating to or of the nature of a lexicon or dictionary.
      ‘a lexical entry’
      • ‘In the case of common names, the lexical entry corresponding to the solicited target is difficult to single out from other potential candidates.’
      • ‘Rather, inadequate phonological information is available for a greater proportion of such children's lexical entries.’
      • ‘In the narrow sense, it is a dictionary (explanatory or thematic) that is the lexical tool of information and retrieval systems.’
      • ‘WordNet is a big lexical dictionary heavily used by this community for creation of natural language systems.’
      • ‘The phonological output lexicon stores pronunciations corresponding to all the spoken words known to the reader, also in the form of lexical entries.’


Mid 19th century: from Greek lexikos of words (from lexis word) + -al.