Definition of lexical in English:



  • 1Relating to the words or vocabulary of a language.

    ‘lexical analysis’
    • ‘Nevertheless, there is an inverse correlation between the lexical expansion of a language and the iconicity of its grammar.’
    • ‘They are designed to fool lexical analysis tools that examine the word content of an email and recognize common ‘spam’ terms.’
    • ‘However, the lexical perceptions of unbiased native speaker/hearers are pretty consistent.’
    • ‘It seems to be, at this intermediate stage of nominal determiner grammaticalization, a lexical feature of indefinites rather than an effect of syntactic or pragmatic factors.’
    • ‘When linguists set up sets of words for lexical comparison, whether for classical subgrouping or for lexicostatistics, they are typically arranged by glosses.’
    • ‘This paper examines the aspect hypothesis, which asserts that verb inflections in early interlanguage systems function primarily as markers of lexical aspect independent of the target language.’
    • ‘Then we get to the real nitty-gritty, what we call the lexical words, the words that carry a distinctive semantic content.’
    • ‘A more contentious claim is that this benefit is associated with a costs: skilled readers are said to be unable to prevent lexical and semantic analyses of words.’
    • ‘First, the relatedness of forms will serve to structure the language's lexical resources.’
    • ‘The extended mechanism turned out to be capable of giving a principled account of lexical blocking, the pragmatics of adjectives, and systematic polysemy.’
    • ‘Oral-language assessments must measure the essential elements of knowing a language, not just lexical knowledge.’
    • ‘To make the issue more concrete, suppose that a researcher wants to test the effects of language frequency on lexical decision times.’
    • ‘The paper considers similarities and differences between names in Hebrew and Arabic as a specific lexical group within their vocabularies.’
    • ‘It is a tonal Mon-Khmer language with strong Chinese lexical influences.’
    • ‘Experiments 1 and 2 investigated the influence of an orthographic lexical context upon spoken word discrimination.’
    • ‘The interaction between the vision of colors and odor determination is investigated through lexical analysis of experts' wine tasting comments.’
    • ‘Based on this, scholars have accepted that around 2,000 word families provide the lexical resources to engage in everyday spoken English discourse.’
    • ‘In terms of lexical category ambiguity, languages do differ in the extent to which their word-forms are specialized for syntactic function.’
    • ‘The composite arises when levels of complex lexical structure come from different languages.’
    • ‘Further it is hypothesized that there are different formulators for each language, while there is one lexicon where lexical elements from different languages are stored together.’
    1. 1.1 Relating to or of the nature of a lexicon or dictionary.
      ‘a lexical entry’
      • ‘In the case of common names, the lexical entry corresponding to the solicited target is difficult to single out from other potential candidates.’
      • ‘Rather, inadequate phonological information is available for a greater proportion of such children's lexical entries.’
      • ‘The phonological output lexicon stores pronunciations corresponding to all the spoken words known to the reader, also in the form of lexical entries.’
      • ‘WordNet is a big lexical dictionary heavily used by this community for creation of natural language systems.’
      • ‘In the narrow sense, it is a dictionary (explanatory or thematic) that is the lexical tool of information and retrieval systems.’


Mid 19th century: from Greek lexikos ‘of words’ (from lexis ‘word’) + -al.