Definition of leukotomy in English:



  • The surgical cutting of white nerve fibers within the brain, especially prefrontal lobotomy, formerly used to treat mental illness.

    • ‘Some medical experts claim that a leukotomy can help treat anorexia and suicidal depression.’
    • ‘In America, Dr. Walter Freeman, a neurologist, read an article Moniz published about the leukotomies he had performed.’
    • ‘During the next ten years various methods of frontal leukotomy were developed by Moniz, Freeman and Watts.’
    • ‘While neurosurgeons cut their teeth performing leukotomies to hold the frontal lobes in check, psychoanalysis flourished in North America in the 1950s and 1960s.’
    • ‘In other patients, however, the operation had no success, and Moniz was cautious to propose that leukotomy should be used only when the case was so hopeless as to warrant it.’
    • ‘At that time there did not exist any effective treatment whatsoever for schizophrenia, and the leukotomy managed at least to make life more endurable for the patients and their surroundings.’
    • ‘This case highlights the focal nature of central pain mechanisms and the possible value of selective subparietal leukotomies in the management of central pain.’
    • ‘Solms discovered that patients who had had a prefrontal leukotomy, a common surgical procedure for mental illness in the 1950s and 60s, reported loss of dreaming.’