Definition of leishmania in English:


Pronunciation /-ˈmanēə//lēSHˈmānēə/


  • A single-celled parasitic protozoan that spends part of its life cycle in the gut of a sandfly and part in the blood and other tissues of a vertebrate.

    • ‘Parts of the malaria and leishmania parasite genomes are also known.’
    • ‘The only way to contract leishmania parasites is through the bite of the tiny sand fly.’
    • ‘The leishmania parasite is spread by the bite of a sandfly not known to exist in Australia.’
    • ‘Hundreds of peacekeeping troops have succumbed to the disease, after becoming infected with single-celled parasites called leishmania.’
    • ‘Parasite virulence genes identified as part of the leishmania genome project may be specifically targeted for vaccine or drug design.’


Modern Latin, from the name of William B. Leishman (1856–1926), British pathologist.