Definition of legionary in English:



  • A soldier in a Roman legion.

    • ‘Military training was emphasized and legionaries were put through rigorous and continuous training.’
    • ‘Between 5000 and 6000 legionaries made up a legion that was commanded by a legatus.’
    • ‘Then the Roman legionaries swept away the smoking ashes and sowed the land with salt to prevent anything from ever growing there again.’
    • ‘How was he to beat a legionary if he had trouble figuring out how to hold a sword?’
    • ‘Do you think Roman legionaries whined about such things?’


  • [attributive] Of an ancient Roman legion.

    ‘the legionary fortress of Isca’
    • ‘The brewery's bar sits above the Roman road which led out of the legionary fortress across the river between Toft Green and Micklegate.’
    • ‘In Britain and Gaul, however, malted barley was indeed required for the manufacture of beer, a local speciality for which there was a steady demand in legionary camps.’
    • ‘All these towers were of much higher quality than would be expected for a simple legionary fortress, said Mr Walker.’
    • ‘The Roman army built legionary fortresses, forts, camps, and roads, and assisted with the construction of buildings in towns.’
    • ‘He founded a temple there, containing a fine bronze statue of himself, and established a legionary fortress.’


Late Middle English: from Latin legionarius, from legio(n-) (see legion).