Definition of latency in English:



  • 1The state of existing but not yet being developed or manifest; concealment.

    ‘tension, and the latency of violence, make the greatest impressions’
    • ‘There was a decrease in response latency.’
    • ‘Exercise has been observed to reduce sleep latency and lengthen time spent asleep.’
    • ‘we compared latency to consume novel foods and phobia of novel objects between populations.’
    • ‘Progressive muscle relaxation resulted in significant decreases in the latency of sleep onset.’
    • ‘Tension, and the latency of violence, make the greatest impressions.’
    • ‘We also recorded the latency to the first aggressive behavior.’
    • ‘Response latency and accuracy were recorded by a computer.’
    • ‘We measured the latency of the choice for each female.’
    • ‘The latency of the electrical response was also prolonged.’
    • ‘The problem is, whenever intelligence is injected into a process, latency is introduced.’
    1. 1.1The state of a disease not yet manifesting the usual symptoms.
      ‘the latency of tumors in mice’
      [as modifier] ‘the disease's latency period can last up to five years’
      • ‘A long latency period can make it difficult to associate asthma with an occupational source.’
      • ‘Exposure to arsenic leads to cancer only after a latency period.’
      • ‘There may be different latency periods for the two malignancies.’
      • ‘The latency of tumors in mice receiving the treatment was significantly increased.’
      • ‘The disease's latency period can last up to five years, making it difficult to detect.’
  • 2Computing
    The delay before a transfer of data begins following an instruction for its transfer.

    ‘poor performance due to network latency’
    [count noun] ‘there are several ways to minimize rotational latencies’
    [as modifier] ‘subscribers can expect some latency time when issuing a request’
    • ‘If there is a little latency when a customer opens your e-mail, you might lose that customer.’
    • ‘If the network is busy, then voice calls can suffer from latency and the quality of the service becomes unacceptably low.’
    • ‘Being the Internet, you can also not count on perfectly low latency connections all the time.’
    • ‘Fast streaming technology reduces server latency.’
    • ‘They have revised the product, tightening up latencies and improving performance.’