Definition of landgrave in US English:

landgrave

noun

historical
  • 1A count having jurisdiction over a territory.

    • ‘The trick fountains were planned by the landgraves from 1696 onwards, in 1700 landgrave Karl met the master builder in Italy, the Hercules figure was erected on the mountain top's pyramid in 1713.’
    • ‘The American titled aristocracy was short-lived, though there is still an association of descendents of landgraves and cassiques in South Carolina today.’
    • ‘All of these numerous territories are full of confusion since each contain electorates, duchies, bishoprics, dominions of margraves, landgraves, princes and free cities - all jumbled together.’
    • ‘Local kings, landgraves, princes, archbishops, bishops and other local sovereigns copied the castlemania of the emperor and the high nobility and built their own castles and residences within their respective territories.’
    • ‘The result was that the landgraves kept a strong hold on the city's development for more than 500 years.’
    1. 1.1 The title of certain German princes.
      • ‘Chartered, according to tradition, in 1211, it became the seat of the first landgraves of Hesse in 1248.’
      • ‘By doing so, the legacy of the landgraves of Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Darmstadt and the electors and grand dukes of Hesse may be preserved.’
      • ‘His next employment, in late 1766, was not at Hochst, but rather in Kassel, where another new factory had been founded by Frederick II, landgrave of Hesse-Kassel.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Middle Low German, from land ‘land’ + grave ‘count’ (used as a title).

Pronunciation

landgrave

/ˈlan(d)ɡrāv//ˈlæn(d)ɡreɪv/