Definition of laminate in English:



[WITH OBJECT]often as adjective laminated
  • 1Overlay (a flat surface, especially paper) with a layer of plastic or some other protective material.

    • ‘The cards which are to be laminated have now gone to print.’
    • ‘The paperback cover is unevenly laminated to imitate broken glass, but so convincingly that the book looks damaged.’
    • ‘The prints can also be laminated for protection and/or mounted onto Kappa board for extra sturdiness.’
    • ‘My poems are printed on white stock that has been laminated on both sides; a punch-hole in the upper corner allows a key chain to be put through the sheet.’
    • ‘It's something you expect in a user's manual or laminated cheat sheet, but this is back in the day when rack real estate was cheap!’
    • ‘Make sure the cover is good quality and laminated - it will make it stand out’
    • ‘Use small pieces of tape on the back to hold cards together, then laminate the mat at a print shop or office supplies store.’
    • ‘Fortunately, we have managed to recover most of the posters, which are laminated and designed to be used year after year, and we have every intention of putting them up again next time.’
    • ‘With a spurt in railway crimes the railway police have hit upon the idea to bring out posters and laminated sheets depicting the modus operandi employed by the offenders.’
    • ‘KCS launched their latest project, which is a laminated magnetic card, which contains all the emergency numbers, local groups and important listings.’
    • ‘Or send me $15, plus $1 shipping, and I will send you one laminated in plastic.’
    • ‘A newspaper clipping, laminated, was taped to the side of the station, with a photo of a big grinning guy smiling into the sun.’
    • ‘Salesmen have given laminated cards to customers to put in their windows saying that ‘Neighbourhood Watch’ has visited the premises to deter unwanted callers.’
    • ‘According to my handy laminated Northeast USA Passenger Rail map, I'm somewhere near Perryville, Maryland, on my way to Greenbelt.’
    • ‘The credit card with driver's license may be laminated to provide additional protection against the alteration of information thereon.’
    • ‘The 20' x 26' laminated chart illustrates the muscular anatomy of the dog in full color.’
    • ‘Old newspaper clippings were carefully laminated to protect them from the elements.’
    • ‘The ticket-seller handed her a white, laminated sheet of paper, and she perused the names.’
    • ‘If possible, laminate the bingo sheets for use with future groups.’
    • ‘So I'm not opposed to the idea of coming up with some means by which we can check people rather than just relying on someone showing any piece of plastic that you can have laminated as sort of a verification as to who they are.’
    cover, overlay, coat, surface, face
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Manufacture by placing layer on layer.
      • ‘And the stock - it's wood, for gosh sake, and not even laminated wood at that.’
      • ‘When laminated glass is stressed beyond its breaking point, it will crack and break, but the pieces will remain in place, still attached to the window frame.’
      • ‘Thirty inches from the polycarbonate assembly runs a parallel layer of white laminated double glazing.’
      • ‘The surfaces are built from slender pieces of 3/4-inch-thick plywood laminated together, then sanded smooth.’
      • ‘A. You could also use a pre-made laminated countertop, depending on the look you are going for.’
      • ‘Each of these rooms has laminated wooden flooring.’
      • ‘The panes are laminated glass, which resist shattering if struck by a falling branch.’
      • ‘Artist Byron Clercx takes pages of books and laminates them together, while several artists, including Berwyn Hung, have immersed books in liquid and encased them in containers.’
      • ‘Laminated glass was chosen for its long life and the protection it affords against ultraviolet rays.’
      • ‘To combat the extreme cold of Minnesota winters, four layers of glass were laminated to create a barrier against heat loss and to secure the art collection inside.’
      • ‘To help win the fight, manufacturers are devoting unprecedented resources to research and blast-test a new generation of heat-hardened and chemically laminated glass.’
      • ‘For flooring, narrow strips of bamboo are laminated together to form planks, which can be glued or nailed to a subfloor.’
      • ‘The kitchen has fitted wall and floor oak units and laminated timber flooring.’
      • ‘Coill Tomair is accessed via a front door with stained glass detail, beyond which the wide hall has a laminated maple floor and timber-panelled walls.’
      • ‘Vanceva [R] is the only laminated safety glass available in over 1000 colours.’
      • ‘Large amounts of materials can be laminated together in a short amount of time.’
      • ‘Almost all of the wood was laminated Southern pine.’
      • ‘Laminated safety glass frees architects from strict reliance on opaque structural materials.’
      • ‘Some force had to have been used as most of these glass panes were laminated.’
    2. 1.2 Split into layers or leaves.
      • ‘The investigated main Niveau Breistroffer interval is 6.28 m thick and consists of weakly lithified, fine-grained marlstones and four laminated black shale units.’
      • ‘Narrower type 1 dykes can be massive or laminated throughout their width.’
      • ‘The siltstones are also finely laminated, the laminations often draped over fossil plant material that is preserved in situ in palaeosols below.’
      • ‘Four years ago, when it came to Smith's attention, the canvas was found to be severely laminated across most of the centre of the canvas and some of the paint had flaked off revealing ugly blotches of the canvas below.’
      • ‘Sandstone beds are tabular cross-stratified and wave-ripple laminated.’
      • ‘So how were the great thicknesses of finely laminated shale in the Green River Formation laid down?’
      • ‘Occasional thin dark grey laminated mudstones are associated with some of the sandstones.’
      • ‘In eastern Ireland, the Tremadoc to Arenig Prioryland Formation contains green to purple laminated and homogeneous mudrocks similar to the lithologies making up most of the Annascaul Formation.’
      • ‘The second unit found immediately above beach level consists of deformed laminated sand and mud containing clasts up to 10 cm across.’
      • ‘The formation is composed largely of dark limestone and dolomite, and contains black chalcedonic chert in fine laminated layers, a piece of which is displayed near the bottom of this page.’
      • ‘Hence, laminated sediments may have been preserved in shallower water than is normal today.’
      • ‘In fact, the lower Hamstead Member is difficult to distinguish from the Bembridgc Marls Member in that both are greyish laminated muds.’
      • ‘In Sodalen the exposed succession is c.40 m of laminated dark grey mudstones with intercalated fine-grained sandstone layers.’
      • ‘Furthermore, many lakes contain annually laminated sediments, reflecting seasonal cycles of productivity and/or stratification.’
      • ‘The mudstones are dark grey, and finely laminated.’
      • ‘The sub-horizontal fissures in the breccia are infilled with laminated shale of identical lithology to the overlying basal bed of the Blue Lias Formation.’
      • ‘The laminated mudstone facies appears to decrease in abundance towards the east.’
      • ‘The sediments are finely laminated mudstones, formed in an outer shelf detrital belt, in quiet water environments.’
      • ‘To measure growth, one would need to measure the increase in diameter of a population of specimens as they grow upwards within laminated sediment.’
      • ‘The work of Crowell, Dott and Winterer led to the introduction of purely descriptive terms for poorly sorted and laminated facies that avoided any preconceived notion of a glacial origin.’
    3. 1.3 Beat or roll (metal) into thin plates.
      • ‘She tapped the aluminium of my canteen, tried to bend the laminated steel of my knife blade, stared and poked at the compass mounted it its perspex bubble in the hilt.’
      • ‘Two layers of steel are laminated with a thin plastic layer in-between.’
      • ‘In sizes for handguns, rifles and shotguns, the Exomesh fabric has an interlocking construction that combines woven steel cables laminated to high-tenacity nylon.’
      • ‘The No.107 Cable Lock has a braided steel cable with 1/8-inch wide laminated steel 4-pin tumbler lock.’
      • ‘Roofs are typhoon-proof with laminated panels of zinc and stainless steel, their unique dimensions and forms achieved by computer-aided design.’


  • A laminated structure or material, especially one made of layers fixed together to form a hard, flat, or flexible material.

    • ‘Glass washbasins, metal laminates, wall panels and partitions are put up here.’
    • ‘The hull is constructed of a solid laminate of fiberglass and resin with no core materials.’
    • ‘At one time, all steering wheels were wood, usually beautifully-made laminates.’
    • ‘A balsa wood core is used between fiberglass laminates in both the hull and deck.’
    • ‘Artificial materials, such as laminate and plastics, are more suitable for newer houses and do not combine well with plasterwork and carved fireplaces.’
    • ‘It does not color well, so is used for moldings for electrical parts and as a backing material for laminates, where it is usually colored black.’
    • ‘The material is a laminate and the shape nicely tapers from a slender top down to a wider bottom.’
    • ‘Architects who are concerned with the look of the roof, he says, usually eschew laminates in favor of materials such as metal or slate for their high-end projects.’
    • ‘This group subjects laminate flooring materials to a comprehensive series of tests for resistance to impact, stains, heat, fading and more.’
    • ‘The system is capable of heating through wood, laminates or other materials.’
    • ‘Finishes for custom cabinets run the gamut from clear coats such as polyurethane to paint, plastic laminates and baked-on enamels.’
    • ‘The hull of the 440 is soundly built with solid fiberglass laminates and no core materials.’
    • ‘The resistance to abrasion is one of many factors to determine the quality of a laminate flooring.’
    • ‘Made from multiple layers of fiberglass, laminates have the appearance of natural materials such as slate or wood shakes.’
    • ‘For the past several years, Shaw has created works using holographic laminate, a two-dimensional material that can produce three-dimensional effects.’
    • ‘With a huge range of door styles in solid wood, painted doors and laminates, there is something for every budget.’
    • ‘New anchor systems; cheaper, thinner laminates; and novel blast-resistant curtain walls will soon make their way to the commercial market, say industry sources.’
    • ‘Then you need to paint over the laminate with paint primer.’
    • ‘Deck construction includes either balsa wood or plywood sandwiched between fiberglass laminates.’
    • ‘Next, the backing paper of the ink-laden laminate is removed, leaving only a thin layer of adhesive and the inks.’


  • In the form of a lamina or laminae.

    • ‘The cells lack a sheath and are uni-nucleate with a conspicuous single laminate parietal chloroplast that encircles less than half of the cell.’
    • ‘A group of 18 daily exposed workers in a semiconductor copper laminate circuit board manufacturing plant participated.’
    • ‘As with many conventional laminate substrates, the die is wire bonded to the tape and encapsulated with a moulding compound.’


Mid 17th century: from lamina + -ate.