Main definitions of lactate in US English:

: lactate1lactate2

lactate1

verb

[no object]
  • (of a female mammal) secrete milk.

    ‘a concentrated dog food for lactating bitches’
    • ‘Therefore, the longer the mother has lactated and the more menstrual cycles she has experienced, the greater the extent of recanalization.’
    • ‘For most of their adulthood, they're either pregnant or lactating.’
    • ‘The amount of each nutrient in the supplement was the recommended dietary allowance for pregnant or lactating woman, except for iron and zinc.’
    • ‘Among these species, even lactating females have been reported to switch locations as often as every two weeks, although usually within a small range.’
    • ‘Even camels, the hardiest of animals, have stopped lactating and will soon die.’
    • ‘Testosterone given to lactating females actually reduces their aggressive reaction to males.’
    • ‘These mice could not lactate, but they were also protected from breast cancer development when infected by mouse mammary tumor virus.’
    • ‘It can interfere with blood-thinning medication, however, and it should not be taken while pregnant or lactating.’
    • ‘Creatine should not be used immediately before exercise, and should not be used by children or by women who are pregnant or lactating.’
    • ‘Most women of reproductive age spent many years pregnant or lactating, states that suppress ovulation.’
    • ‘At that den, the three lactating females were observed providing food for each other and trading places while nursing pups.’
    • ‘I had earlier posted a picture of a stuffed calf hanging from a house front in Mylapore, and speculated that it was meant to keep the cow lactating.’
    • ‘I noticed in the shower that I had milk coming out, I was lactating.’
    • ‘The two flocks each numbered 200 head, of which about 100 females are normally lactating.’
    • ‘In Antarctic fur seals, lactating females do not return to feed their pup until they have replenished their own reserves.’
    • ‘Current labeling for fluoroquinolones warns against their use in children, adolescents, pregnant women, and lactating women.’
    • ‘Such features may vary according to whether the patient was pregnant, lactating, or had recently terminated her pregnancy or lactation at the time of surgical excision.’
    • ‘The oral administration of Bifidobacteria increased fecal IgA levels in children and fecal and milk IgA levels in lactating mice.’
    • ‘Encouraged by such strong findings, Carter and her colleagues began to look at how lactating and nonlactating women responded to the stress of strenuous exercise.’
    • ‘One source recommends avoiding the use of ginseng products in children and in women who are pregnant or lactating, until more rigorous studies prove safety in these groups.’

Origin

Late 19th century: back-formation from lactation.

Pronunciation

lactate

/lakˈtāt//lækˈteɪt/

Main definitions of lactate in US English:

: lactate1lactate2

lactate2

noun

Chemistry
  • A salt or ester of lactic acid.

    • ‘As your muscles begin to feel the burn, the body goes into buffer mode, and you release the excess lactate as carbon dioxide as you breathe.’
    • ‘Rolled barley decreased molar proportion of acetate and increased molar proportion of propionate and concentration of lactate in the cecal contents.’
    • ‘Alcohols, particularly methanol and ethanol, are metabolized to formate and lactate via an aldehyde.’
    • ‘This suggests that the H-type LDH is utilized for oxidizing lactate to pyruvate and the M-type the reverse.’
    • ‘Some additives, such as salt, sodium lactate and phosphate, have antimicrobial activity.’

Origin

Late 18th century: from lactic + -ate.

Pronunciation

lactate

/ˈlakˌtāt//ˈlækˌteɪt/