Main definitions of lactate in English

: lactate1lactate2

lactate1

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • (of a female mammal) secrete milk.

    • ‘Such features may vary according to whether the patient was pregnant, lactating, or had recently terminated her pregnancy or lactation at the time of surgical excision.’
    • ‘Therefore, the longer the mother has lactated and the more menstrual cycles she has experienced, the greater the extent of recanalization.’
    • ‘For most of their adulthood, they're either pregnant or lactating.’
    • ‘Among these species, even lactating females have been reported to switch locations as often as every two weeks, although usually within a small range.’
    • ‘The amount of each nutrient in the supplement was the recommended dietary allowance for pregnant or lactating woman, except for iron and zinc.’
    • ‘Most women of reproductive age spent many years pregnant or lactating, states that suppress ovulation.’
    • ‘I noticed in the shower that I had milk coming out, I was lactating.’
    • ‘Current labeling for fluoroquinolones warns against their use in children, adolescents, pregnant women, and lactating women.’
    • ‘Encouraged by such strong findings, Carter and her colleagues began to look at how lactating and nonlactating women responded to the stress of strenuous exercise.’
    • ‘In Antarctic fur seals, lactating females do not return to feed their pup until they have replenished their own reserves.’
    • ‘The oral administration of Bifidobacteria increased fecal IgA levels in children and fecal and milk IgA levels in lactating mice.’
    • ‘Even camels, the hardiest of animals, have stopped lactating and will soon die.’
    • ‘Creatine should not be used immediately before exercise, and should not be used by children or by women who are pregnant or lactating.’
    • ‘The two flocks each numbered 200 head, of which about 100 females are normally lactating.’
    • ‘I had earlier posted a picture of a stuffed calf hanging from a house front in Mylapore, and speculated that it was meant to keep the cow lactating.’
    • ‘At that den, the three lactating females were observed providing food for each other and trading places while nursing pups.’
    • ‘Testosterone given to lactating females actually reduces their aggressive reaction to males.’
    • ‘These mice could not lactate, but they were also protected from breast cancer development when infected by mouse mammary tumor virus.’
    • ‘It can interfere with blood-thinning medication, however, and it should not be taken while pregnant or lactating.’
    • ‘One source recommends avoiding the use of ginseng products in children and in women who are pregnant or lactating, until more rigorous studies prove safety in these groups.’

Origin

Late 19th century: back-formation from lactation.

Main definitions of lactate in English

: lactate1lactate2

lactate2

noun

Chemistry
  • A salt or ester of lactic acid.

    • ‘Some additives, such as salt, sodium lactate and phosphate, have antimicrobial activity.’
    • ‘Rolled barley decreased molar proportion of acetate and increased molar proportion of propionate and concentration of lactate in the cecal contents.’
    • ‘This suggests that the H-type LDH is utilized for oxidizing lactate to pyruvate and the M-type the reverse.’
    • ‘As your muscles begin to feel the burn, the body goes into buffer mode, and you release the excess lactate as carbon dioxide as you breathe.’
    • ‘Alcohols, particularly methanol and ethanol, are metabolized to formate and lactate via an aldehyde.’

Origin

Late 18th century: from lactic + -ate.