Definition of lachrymatory in English:

lachrymatory

(also lacrimatory)

adjective

literary, technical
  • Relating to, tending to cause, or containing tears.

    ‘a lachrymatory secretion’
    • ‘Preferably, the explosive slug is placed between the compartment containing the lacrimatory substance and the compartment containing the pyrogenic substance.’
    • ‘The lachrymatory factor from an onion activates the nerve endings of pain fibres in the top layer of the cornea, leading to increased production and release of tears.’
    • ‘The compounds most commonly employed as lacrimatory agents or ‘tear gases’ are chloroacetophenone and ortho-chlorobenzalmalononitrile.’
    • ‘Acrolein is used as a warning agent in methyl chloride refrigerant and (as Papite) was used as a lacrimatory agent in World War I.’
    • ‘The effect of the lacrimatory factor can be sharply diminished by freezing the onion or submerging the onion in water (diluting the chemical, which is soluble in water) before cutting.’

noun

  • A vial of a kind found in ancient Roman tombs and thought to be a lachrymal vase.

    • ‘Ancient Greeks, Romans and Hebrews would cry into small vials, or lachrymatories, that would then be sealed and buried with the dead.’
    • ‘Glass, including lachrymatories, is mentioned as occurring sometimes, but apparently only in small quantities.’
    • ‘Ancient Greeks buried their dead with lacrimatories, vials full of mourners' tears.’
    • ‘The captivating tear bottle tradition dates back nearly 3,000 years, when mourners were known to collect their tears in a lachrymatory and bury them with loved ones to express honor and devotion.’
    • ‘It is said that Nero used a lachrymatory or small glass vessel to keep his tears in.’

Origin

Mid 17th century (as a noun denoting a vial): from Latin lacrima, on the pattern of chrismatory.

Pronunciation:

lachrymatory

/ˈlakrəməˌtôrē/