Definition of Kushan in US English:

Kushan

noun

  • A member of an Iranian dynasty which invaded the Indian subcontinent and established a powerful empire in the northwest between the 1st and 3rd centuries AD.

    • ‘In the Far East, coinage developed in India in the 5th century BC through contacts with Persian coinage by Mauryans and Kushans.’
    • ‘But, over the centuries, Persians, Greeks, Parthians, Kushans, and White Huns invaded India.’
    • ‘Many conquests later, the Kushans, a nomadic people from China, swept through central Asia and turned south into the Buddhist districts centered on Gandhara, including Udyana (the Swat Valley) where tantric Buddhism had taken root.’
    • ‘Most believe Rajputs come from tribes in central Asia such as the Parthians, Kushans, Shakas, and Huns.’
    • ‘This journey would turn into an epic passage involving many tense battles against the forces of the government seeking to stop the Kushan from reaching and claiming their ancestral birthright.’

adjective

  • Relating to the Kushan or their dynasty.

    • ‘Remains of Mauryan, Kushan, and Gupta periods have also been found.’
    • ‘Territorially the empire stretched from the Syrian desert, where Roman pressure was checked, to north-west India where the Kushan and Hephthalite empires, having restricted valuable trade routes, were eventually destroyed.’
    • ‘Sanghol, is a multi-period site with evidence of late Harappan Bara culture and Sunga, Kushan, Gupta and Medieval periods.’
    • ‘During the time of Kaniska, the Kushan king in fourth century AD, Gandhara became a Buddhist country.’
    • ‘The jewellery of the Kushan and Mauryan periods shows distinct Greek touches.’

Origin

From Prakrit kuṣāṇa (adjective), from Iranian.

Pronunciation

Kushan

/ˈko͞oˌSHän/