Definition of kinesis in English:

kinesis

noun

  • 1Movement; motion.

    • ‘Whereas Ellis concentrates on the music, I want to keep emphasising that in dance the rhythm and kinesis of the dance itself is integral to the iridescences that are built up to mix, mingle, and converge.’
    • ‘The centripetal tendency of closure merges with the centrifugal radiation of the art symbol to unify singularity with multiplicity, stasis with kinesis, and imagination with reality.’
    • ‘For its vistas and its kinesis, the western has been described as the genre most given to cinema, the cinema having emerged as the West was won and organically, so it seemed, out of the embers of actual frontier history.’
    • ‘Such moves seem to me to be absolutely crucial to an analysis of dance, requiring as it does bodies, time (minimally in terms of tempo), rhythm, and kinesis.’
    • ‘In the end, I found it kind of unsatisfying: less overhead control than simple fiction, less interactivity than roleplaying, less kinesis than film… paid well, but it never really clicked for me and I drifted away from the contract pool.’
    1. 1.1Biology
      An undirected movement of a cell, organism, or part in response to an external stimulus.
      Compare with taxis
      • ‘Resource-locating behavior in nematodes probably consists of a combination of taxes and kineses.’
      • ‘Where an aspect of the environment is highly predictable (such as the sun rising every day), very accurate anticipation can be achieved by endogenous rhythms or by simple kineses and taxes.’
      • ‘Current efforts are aimed at understanding the regulation of these kineses and at identifying their substrates.’
      • ‘Animal behavior researchers recognize two categories of elementary behavioral responses: kineses and taxes.’
      • ‘Temperature preference undoubtedly is an important directing force in kineses or taxes of aquatic animals.’
    2. 1.2Zoology
      Mobility of the bones of the skull, as in some birds and reptiles.
      • ‘Any possible kinesis would have been limited to the premaxilla and maxilla.’
      • ‘This differs from the construction of, for example, carnosaurs, which tended to solid bones but with considerable cranial kinesis.’
      • ‘The action of the jaws linkage during cranial kinesis is to transmit ventral jaw rotation into maxillary rotation for the purpose of protruding the premaxilla forward toward the prey.’
      • ‘Details of cranial anatomy contradict a previous model of cranial kinesis by severely limiting the skull's potential mobility.’
      • ‘A high level of skull kinesis seems to be the rule among most other diapsids.’

Origin

Early 17th century: from Greek kinēsis movement from kinein to move.

Pronunciation:

kinesis

/kəˈnēsis/