Main definitions of kind in English

: kind1kind2



  • 1A group of people or things having similar characteristics.

    ‘all kinds of music’
    ‘a new kind of education’
    ‘more data of this kind would be valuable’
    • ‘I will deal with the first kind of case in this section, and the second kind in the next section.’
    • ‘We recognize four basic kinds of teeth in an individual's jaw, the incisors, canines, premolars, and molars.’
    • ‘Choose dark or whole-wheat bread over the white kind - likewise for rice and pasta.’
    • ‘Two kinds of writing by Seth Godin gives some quick, focused tips on how to write for different audiences.’
    • ‘Oldham's Bangladeshi community enjoyed traditional music of a different kind as Scottish bagpipes entertained crowds in Westwood.’
    • ‘Students who have these kinds of experiences know many ways to learn almost anything!’
    • ‘On a nearby table lay several bottles of finger paint, like the kind used in elementary schools.’
    • ‘The opening credits are accompanied by upbeat, jaunty music - the kind that usually signals a comedy is on the way.’
    • ‘This is probably the busiest month in the year with music of all kinds dominating the action.’
    • ‘Healing activities of many kinds form a central part of their church life and are open to all.’
    • ‘I love all kinds of films, except the plotless kind with unconvincing acting, shoddy editing and duff music played on synths.’
    • ‘Mind you chips, not the edible kind, were the order of the night as the punters gambled like crazy to make their fortune.’
    • ‘Can people still motivate themselves to vote if they only see these two kinds of politicians?’
    • ‘He didn't seem the kind of guy who would just get talking to a stranger.’
    • ‘The kinds of wine and food served for a fine dining experience will depend on your budget.’
    • ‘Yoghurts, as we all know are often part of a dieter's menu, specifically the kind that are very reduced in fat content.’
    • ‘It is one of those CD's that you want to keep playing and playing, the kind where you family tell you that they have heard it enough.’
    • ‘After the students have modeled both kinds of dinosaurs with their hands, have them locate both kinds of dinosaurs on the classification chart.’
    • ‘Moreover, such approaches to assessment send students the message that higher education does not value certain kinds of thinking.’
    • ‘We try to compensate for our natural sinfulness by performing good works of various kinds.’
    sort, type, variety, style, form, class, category, genre
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Character; nature.
      ‘the trials were different in kind from any that preceded them’
      ‘true to kind’
      • ‘Companionship of the same kind was therefore required for him, for he was not intended to be an isolated being.’
      • ‘"In a straightforward case, such as the threat of violence or something of that kind, people should go to the police, " he said.’
      • ‘In the final analysis, the ideology of radical diversity surreptitiously promotes a political program of the same kind.’
      • ‘The Liberals have an interesting dilemma, similar in kind to the Labour dilemma.’
      • ‘I think that a Toronto signing/reading/event is almost a certainty, but of what kind and nature I don't yet know.’
      • ‘It is my understanding that the country has never admitted that nuclear weapons are different in kind from other weapons.’
      • ‘Since a thing's criteria of identity are determined by its nature or kind, God is their ultimate ground.’
    2. 1.2Each of the elements (bread and wine) of the Eucharist.
      ‘communion in both kinds’
      • ‘He recognized three sacraments: baptism, the Eucharist in both kinds, and penitence.’
      • ‘Many practices that were part of pre-Vatican II Roman Catholicism, such as communion in one kind for the laity and eastward-facing celebrations, have not died out, as Anglicans sometimes think.’


1Kind of is sometimes used to be deliberately vague: it was kind of a big evening; I was kind of hoping you'd call. More often it reveals an inability to speak clearly: he's kind of, like, inarticulate, you know? Used precisely, it means ‘sort’ or ‘type’: a maple is a kind of tree. 2 The plural of kind often causes difficulty. With this or that, speaking of one kind, use a singular construction: this kind of cake is my favorite; that kind of fabric doesn't need ironing. With these or those, speaking of more than one kind, use a plural construction: these kinds of guitars are very expensive; those kinds of animals ought to be left in the wild. Although often encountered, sentences such as I don't like these kind of things are incorrect. The same recommendations apply to sort and sorts


  • in kind

    • 1In the same way; with something similar.

      ‘if he responded positively, they would respond in kind’
      • ‘And he responded to me in kind last night saying that he understood that and that it was an attack against him.’
      • ‘Treat the players right, and they will respond in kind.’
      • ‘Only the possibility that she might be a member of my congregation prevented me from responding in kind.’
      • ‘Johnson took King's attack as a declaration of war and responded in kind.’
      • ‘In kind, I ask him to withdraw and apologise because I do not like his claiming that I am a stooge of anyone else.’
      • ‘People got up and told stories about my mom and she replied in kind.’
      • ‘The least that can be done is to take him seriously and to respond in kind.’
      • ‘He was about to become engaged to a maiden named Luscinda, whom he had loved since childhood and who returned his feelings in kind.’
      • ‘I was finding it difficult to respond in kind to his teasing.’
      • ‘Other people's viciousness, gossip, and vengefulness are no excuse for you to respond in kind.’
      1. 1.1(of payment) in goods or services as opposed to money.
        • ‘For this, he had to perform a very heavy burden of services, and pay some money and some rents in kind.’
        • ‘Most transactions between Bell and the company were work for payment in kind rather than for cash.’
        • ‘Some nations responded instantly by pledging emergency aid in money and in kind.’
        • ‘To raise money he would lead Swindon bikers en masse around the town collecting money and donations in kind to give to charity.’
        • ‘Economists answer that generally a gift in kind has less value than a cash gift because it has restrictions.’
        • ‘It does not have to be money, people can donate time or things in kind.’
        • ‘It is understood part of the payment companies will make may be in kind rather than cash.’
        • ‘They held these manors upon condition of rendering the king service in person, or in kind, or in money.’
        • ‘Drugs have themselves become currency - payment in kind where cash is unavailable and relatively worthless.’
        • ‘Muslims are instructed by the Koran to give to the poor in money or in kind on a regular basis.’
  • one's (own) kind

    • People with whom one has a great deal in common.

      ‘we stick with our own kind’
      • ‘Scientists, in whatever society, are a quirky lot, motivated by enigmatic incentives comprehensible only to their own kind.’
      • ‘Human rights legislation has placed an obligation on police to protect drug traffickers, robbers, gunmen and their associates from their own kind.’
      • ‘I did not get the comfort of a supportive family and I was cut off from my own kind.’
      • ‘But why are these individuals haunting the most liberal blogs on the net to gloat instead of celebrating their victory with their own kind?’
      • ‘It's only nature, not hatred, to keep people among their own kind.’
      • ‘If this is you, then fine, enjoy the national anthem and the commercials and the halftime show on Sunday, but please do it with your own kind.’
      • ‘Is it possible to be prejudiced towards your own kind?’
      • ‘He detests the sort of expats who stick only to their own kind, and takes a dim view of those who make no effort to bridge cultural gaps.’
      • ‘What does come through, not altogether attractively, is a steely determination in these well-born girls to stick with their own kind.’
      • ‘I think, for the most part. they're opportunists without much dignity or pride, people who would sell out their own kind to get ahead.’
  • someone's kind

    • Used to express disapproval of a certain type of person.

      ‘I don't apologize to her kind ever’
      • ‘The summit of ambition for most men of his kind is to live in town when they are old, with everything on tap.’
      • ‘Academics usually plough a narrow disciplinary patch, whereas intellectuals of his kind roam ambitiously from one discipline to another.’
      • ‘When did they start letting your kind in here?’
      • ‘He then became very hostile, calling her a devil-worshipper and shouting that ‘her kind’ had no business coming into a Christian center.’
      • ‘Their kind could never have survived the public scrutiny of commercialized fame.’
  • kind of

    • informal Rather; to some extent (often expressing vagueness or used as a meaningless filler)

      ‘it got kind of cozy’
      • ‘I was kind of deaf in one ear, and was scared at the time that it would never get better.’
      • ‘With just six days worth of posts from the twenty-plus day shoot, the weblog's kind of slight, but it makes for good reading.’
      • ‘Personally, I think she's kind of an idiot.’
      • ‘It was kind of a last minute thing to use some of my holiday up while working my notice.’
      • ‘Jay's kind of working as a field correspondent.’
      • ‘All of a sudden, I was kind of tired of it and fed up and it was just time to do something else.’
      • ‘We kind of wish they were going to be relying on her personality instead of the music.’
      • ‘At a certain point I just kind of decided to pick it up and wear it, and have fun with it.’
      • ‘When she died, my mum kind of fell apart a bit and the family was never really the same again.’
      • ‘I kind of got the feeling that this was be my last jaunt abroad, so I made the most of it.’
      rather, quite, fairly, moderately, somewhat, a little, slightly, a shade
      in a way, in a manner of speaking, after a fashion, as one might say
      sort of, a bit, kinda, pretty, a touch, a thought, a tad, ish
      View synonyms
  • a kind of

    • Something resembling (used to express vagueness or moderate a statement)

      ‘teaching based on a kind of inspired guesswork’
      • ‘The thing about a shopping centre is it's a kind of twisted microcosm of the world.’
      • ‘It takes a kind of genius to alienate both major political parties in the space of a month.’
      • ‘It looked and felt like a bit like a bible, and I, at eight, approached it with a kind of awe.’
      • ‘One couple you saw who wanted to do this inspired in you almost a kind of moral outrage.’
      • ‘For many of her type and generation, prevention from celebrity is a kind of jail.’
      • ‘There is also a kind of equality in the knowledge that the evening will cost everybody the same.’
      • ‘By the time we came along, she had a kind of love-hate relationship with the church.’
      • ‘At times like this you realise that government is really a kind of confidence trick.’
      • ‘His diaries of his years as a junior minister have granted him a kind of immortality.’
      • ‘For some callers, failure to support local athletes was itself a kind of treachery.’
  • nothing of the kind

    • 1Not at all like the thing in question.

      ‘my son had done nothing of the kind before’
      • ‘The fact that the minister in question did nothing of the kind enraged other MPs.’
      • ‘He has described the events as a coup, but it was nothing of the kind.’
      • ‘Oh yeah, biologists treat biodiversity as an indispensable good of human existence but it's nothing of the kind.’
      • ‘Many people and organizations claiming to be ‘revolutionary,’ are, in fact, nothing of the kind.’
      • ‘Vilified by his detractors as an uncritical apologist for the Arabs, he was nothing of the kind.’
      • ‘Yet many of the creatures touted as ‘feathered dinosaurs’ appear to be nothing of the kind.’
      • ‘This issue is being represented as linguistic, relating to a democratic right of the people to stipulate word definitions, when it's nothing of the kind.’
      • ‘The president's ‘determined assault’ on poverty is nothing of the kind.’
      • ‘While great cities and their outlying regions often look monolithic to outsiders, they are in fact nothing of the kind.’
      • ‘The so-called questions are nothing of the kind.’
      1. 1.1Used to express an emphatic denial.
        ‘“He made you do that?” “He did nothing of the kind.”’
        • ‘‘I am nothing of the kind,’ she said, her voice somehow remaining steady.’
        • ‘She adamantly insisted that she did nothing of the kind.’
        • ‘And finally, the study fuelling the latest claims about mobile phones scrambling the mind in fact shows nothing of the kind.’
        • ‘When Debbie brought up the matter, the other woman insisted she had said nothing of the kind and told Debbie she was imagining things.’
        • ‘Now it turns out they knew nothing of the kind but assured us they did anyway.’
        • ‘Just one small quibble - I wrote nothing of the kind.’
        • ‘Again, and of course, I said nothing of the kind.’
        • ‘Incidentally, for all those of you mailing in to say I spelt ‘Ottawa’ incorrectly earlier - I did nothing of the kind and have no idea what you're talking about.’
        • ‘Well, some data we have shows nothing of the kind.’
        • ‘When asked to provide a breath sample she replied in robust terms that she was going to do nothing of the kind, said Miss Bramley.’
  • of its kind

    • Within the limitations of its class.

      ‘this new building was no doubt excellent of its kind’
      • ‘The vehicle is one of only three of its kind to be licensed in Manchester.’
      • ‘The book may be excellent of its kind, but not something that the publisher wishes to deal with.’
      • ‘The volunteer recruitment programme was the biggest of its kind since the Second World War.’
      • ‘The first mission of its kind, its goal was to provide clues as to the origins of our solar system.’
      • ‘As with most properties of its kind, this town house does not have a garage.’
      • ‘It is the first early-warning system for heart attacks of its kind in Britain.’
      • ‘Although never completed, it is one of the largest statues of its kind in the world.’
      • ‘The general consensus of opinion was it was one of the best of its kind.’
      • ‘The event was the first of its kind but there may be more in the future.’
      • ‘We understand it is one of the ten best gardens of its kind in the country.’
  • of a kind

    • Used to indicate that something is not as good as it might be expected to be.

      ‘there is tribute, of a kind, in such popularity’
      • ‘The margins are inhabited by interesting people who have a beauty of a kind.’
      • ‘There are more than a half a dozen candidates for the presidency, so there is democracy of a kind.’
      • ‘Sibling-theory suggests that a brother or sister may also act as a parent of a kind.’
      • ‘Smashing up a hamburger joint might give a person kudos of a kind.’
      • ‘Except that we do have special status, of a kind, with the federal government.’
      • ‘Well it would still have to be jurisdictional error, would it not, of a kind.’
      • ‘Though the Tory move shows boldness of a kind, it is not the only party that is rethinking.’
  • one of a kind

    • Unique.

      • ‘He's one of a kind, and there's just never going to be another Bob Hope.’
      • ‘Our control room is one of a kind and is absolutely superb.’
      • ‘This score remains a singular achievement - a unique, one of a kind opera.’
      • ‘One of a kind, the film is proof that American cinema still knows how to take risks and let the imagination soar.’
      • ‘Mr. Lane is one of a kind, and it's not just a birthday but an entire career that merits celebration.’
      • ‘The child is no longer a unique creation - one of a kind - but rather an engineered reproduction.’
      • ‘America's demographic vitality makes it nearly one of a kind among modern nations.’
      • ‘As far as the medical profession is concerned, Tanya is one of a kind and her condition is now known as Donaldson's Syndrome.’
      • ‘Rollins may be one of a kind - an unusual mix of the analytical, cerebral, creative, and spiritual.’
      • ‘He is truly a brilliant man, and he is certainly one of a kind.’
  • something of the kind

    • Something like the thing in question.

      ‘they had always suspected something of the kind’
      • ‘Case 2 is kidnap and slavery, or something of the kind.’
      • ‘You know, I had hoped, by accepting his challenge, I could get him to tell me something of this affair; perhaps who the lady was, or something of the kind.’
      • ‘I knew I'd have to focus since my brain was still swirling with this new bit of information, not that I hadn't guessed that something of the kind was true.’
      • ‘It was as if Adam was becoming another brother for me, or something of the kind.’
      • ‘It is to be feared that something of the kind has happened to Miss Stein.’
      • ‘The first bar was playing some loud rap music, while the one on the other side was blaring some Euro-disco or something of the kind.’
      • ‘Despite his mother's strange tales of a friend's friend's sister's cat, or something of the kind, everybody in the town knew everybody else's business.’
      • ‘Instead, in 1951 I said ‘Good morning’ occasionally and Einstein would answer with ‘Guten morning’ or something of the kind, but that was it.’
      • ‘Well, I think it's fair to say we were all expecting something of the kind.’
      • ‘She might have mentioned something of the kind.’
  • two (or three, four, etc.) of a kind

    • 1The same or very similar.

      ‘she and her sister were two of a kind’
      • ‘I myself had doubts at first until I went further in and found clothes that are two of a kind.’
      • ‘Lizzie, can't you tell, we're two of a kind.’
      • ‘You're two of a kind - genetically designed to get into trouble - and all we bystanders can do is pick up the pieces and try to stick them back together again afterward.’
      • ‘We're two of a kind, we have a history and we're gonna have a future.’
      • ‘In these tumultuous years, the only constants are Rhett Butler, who sees through all Scarlett's pretenses to recognize that they are two of a kind, and Tara, which Scarlett comes to love as herself.’
      • ‘When I opened my eyes there she was - April from work, with her face up against mine telling me how we were two of a kind, and how we needed to do something about that, her and me.’
      1. 1.1(of cards) having the same face value but of a different suit.
        • ‘Also once you have made your meld you can then play sets of 3 of a kind.’
        • ‘Since the front hand has only 3 cards, only three hand types are possible: three of a kind; one pair; high card.’
      2. 1.2A hand consisting of cards having the same face value but in different suits.
        • ‘If you are dealt three of a kind or four of a kind, set your hand down immediately.’
        • ‘A sequence of three consecutive pairs or a four of a kind can beat a single two (but not any other single card).’
        • ‘Any hand in a higher category beats any hand in a lower category (so for example any three of a kind beats any two pairs).’
        • ‘The idea of this game is to get poker hands, (i.e. a pair of 2's, three of a kind, straight,… etc.’
        • ‘Some play that a nine card running flush beats four of a kind.’
        • ‘An honour hand is a four of a kind plus a card or a straight flush.’
        • ‘A rainbow itself (any five cards, each one a different suit) would fall between three of a kind and two pair.’
        • ‘You can now draw five of a kind, a combination that's even rarer than a straight flush.’


Old English cynd(e), gecynd(e), of Germanic origin; related to kin. The original sense was nature, the natural order, also innate character, form, or condition (compare with kind); hence a class or race distinguished by innate characteristics.




Main definitions of kind in English

: kind1kind2



  • 1Having or showing a friendly, generous, and considerate nature.

    ‘she was a good, kind woman’
    ‘he was very kind to me’
    • ‘He was the only one who had ever cared for her, who had ever spoken a kind word to her or bestowed a smile upon her.’
    • ‘His friends mourned a kind and generous man as well as a great talent.’
    • ‘And furthermore, he has mellowed a lot in his old age, and is very kind to everyone.’
    • ‘The Chaplain was kind and polite and tried his level best to be decent.’
    • ‘Staff were really sweet and friendly, helpful, kind and generous.’
    • ‘Anne was well known for her beautiful and unusual flower gardens and her very kind and generous nature.’
    • ‘Ken, a reader and walker, has written a kind letter to me and has requested more routes south of York.’
    • ‘We had a wonderful time and his family and friends were kind and generous toward me.’
    • ‘Melissa, it's very kind of you to have given the dog a home, and given your husband the chance to have a dog.’
    • ‘While on the cruise ship, I take pictures of those who have been especially kind to me, as they make nice memories for my cruise album.’
    • ‘Here I have friends and kind neighbours - only one lives very near, the others at least six miles away.’
    • ‘It has been mentioned also tonight, and my own experience has been that he really is that kind of a gentle man, a very kind man, with a good sense of humor.’
    • ‘In its most direct form, hospitality refers to a kindness to visitors: a friendly welcome and a kind or generous treatment offered to guests or strangers.’
    • ‘Miller wrote me back later and said he liked the column despite his initial harsh response - which was kind of him.’
    • ‘Think of how a kind word spoken at the right time, or a special card sent to someone lonely or hurting can lift their spirits.’
    • ‘So, I, being your benevolent, kind and generous friend, decided to get you a new cat for your birthday.’
    • ‘Well, when I came to Johannesburg from the countryside, I knew nobody, but many strangers were very kind to me.’
    • ‘Good natured, kind and generous, Mary Ellen was held in great regard by all in the community.’
    • ‘He was also very kind to all the livestock in his care.’
    • ‘They didn't know me from Adam but they were so kind and considerate and generous despite their grief.’
    kindly, good-natured, kind-hearted, tender-hearted, warm-hearted, soft-hearted, good-hearted, tender, caring, feeling, affectionate, loving, warm, gentle, mellow, mild
    considerate, helpful, thoughtful, obliging, unselfish, selfless, altruistic, good, cooperative, accommodating, attentive
    compassionate, sympathetic, understanding, big-hearted, benevolent, benign, friendly, neighbourly, courteous, agreeable, pleasant, nice, amiable, hospitable, well meaning, well intentioned, public-spirited, well meant
    generous, magnanimous, indulgent, tolerant, charitable, gracious, lenient, humane, merciful, clement, pitying, forbearing, long-suffering, patient
    liberal, open-handed, lavish, bountiful, unsparing, unstinting, beneficent, munificent, giving
    handsome, princely
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[predicative]Used in a polite request.
      ‘would you be kind enough to repeat what you said?’
      • ‘Perhaps François will be kind enough to refill our glasses a final time.’
      • ‘Please be so kind as to let me know how I can get this wonderful magazine.’
      • ‘I wonder if you'd be kind enough to address my concerns?’
      • ‘So perhaps you'd be so very kind as to be repeating now the tale you and he have been telling for nigh on six months?’
    2. 1.2[predicative](of a consumer product) gentle on (a part of the body)
      ‘look for rollers that are kind to hair’
      • ‘Jonathan chose two different shades of dye, which had the added bonus of being tinted colour, as opposed to bleach, and so kinder to my hair.’
      • ‘Use vegetable-based soaps in the kitchen and bath; they're much kinder to your skin than harsh detergents or soaps.’
      • ‘The tissues are kind to your nose.’
    3. 1.3archaic Affectionate; loving.
      • ‘Everyone besides Christy saw a kind, loving mother concerned for her daughter.’
      • ‘Hope would grow up in a kind and loving family, and forget her mother was ever a rough teenage tramp on the streets of Glasgow.’
      • ‘She was always a kind and loving mother to the twins.’
      • ‘Her family were her priority and she was a wonderful loving and kind wife and mother.’
      • ‘He was a kind and loving husband and father and his passing is much regretted, not only by his sorrowing family, but also by his many friends.’


Old English gecynde natural, native; in Middle English the earliest sense is well born or well bred whence well disposed by nature, courteous, gentle, benevolent.