Definition of kidney in English:



  • 1Each of a pair of organs in the abdominal cavity of mammals, birds, and reptiles, excreting urine.

    • ‘It acts slowly and mildly on the secreting organs, such as kidneys, skin and bowels.’
    • ‘They each had their own head, arms, legs, brain, heart, lungs, kidneys and liver.’
    • ‘The most common cause is a failure of the kidneys to excrete uric acid fast enough.’
    • ‘In some cases the infection can spread to other areas of the body such as the eyes, heart, kidneys, brain and skin.’
    • ‘A small amount of urine drips constantly from your kidneys to your bladder through tubes called ureters.’
    • ‘She first did some research work in Naples on certain marine worms that live in the kidneys of sea birds.’
    • ‘These air bubbles can make their way to the brain, the heart, the kidneys and other vital organs.’
    • ‘Treatment must be rapid to protect organs such as the kidneys, lungs, and liver from damage.’
    • ‘The cysts can replace much of the mass of the kidneys and can lead to kidney failure.’
    • ‘Kidney transplants are an alternative to dialysis when both kidneys have ceased to function.’
    • ‘You can donate blood, bone marrow, even kidneys and even part of your liver as a living donor.’
    • ‘It causes the kidneys to get rid of unneeded water and salt from the body into the urine.’
    • ‘Thrombosis of the arteries to the kidneys can cause serious kidney damage.’
    • ‘In addition, waste materials cannot be transported properly to the lungs and kidneys for excretion.’
    • ‘It can also occur in the bowels, kidneys, bones and joints and can cause meningitis.’
    • ‘On the other hand there are some infants that are born with kidneys that never really developed.’
    • ‘The soft parts of the body such as the liver, kidneys and spleen can also be looked at in this way.’
    • ‘According to his mother, his liver, kidneys and muscles then began to break down.’
    • ‘If the stretching affects both kidneys, then blockage to the urine pipe is possible.’
    • ‘I think that the argument there is that it's not as risky as giving one of your kidneys.’
    1. 1.1The kidney of a sheep, ox, or pig as food.
      • ‘Steak, kidney and Guinness pie is just one of a number of tasty and filling pub grub dishes featured on Sean's Irish Pub menu.’
      • ‘It's poached skate with fennel or lamb kidney sausage on bacon and onion bread.’
      • ‘They dish up a real feast: liver, kidney, some wonderful pink medallions.’
      • ‘Liver and onions, fish and chips, Lancashire hot pot and steak and kidney pudding will be on the menu.’
      • ‘It was definitely home-made, full of lean meat, plenty of kidney and rich gravy.’
      • ‘A rare delight is a pig's kidney the size of a fist baked slowly with thyme, tarragon, cream and snippets of bacon.’
      • ‘And my daughters prefer them to shepherd's pie, steak and kidney pudding or vegetable stew.’
      • ‘The steak and kidney pie was another solid item with lots of English gravy and considered to be good value.’
      • ‘The skewer lay on a vol-au-vent filled with a lightly truffled fudge of sweetbread and kidney, a faint lemoniness danced on my tongue.’
      • ‘They produce numerous different brands including beef and stout, beef and kidney, wild boar and venison.’
      • ‘Breakfast consisted of fried bacon, sausage and kidney, coffee and Vienna rolls.’
      • ‘Similarly, the steak and kidney pie is now made with best blade steak rather than chuck beef.’
      • ‘The product names are exchanged for the ingredients of traditional British dishes, such as beans and chips and steak and kidney.’
      • ‘It was just nice to see Tom and my son getting excited because we had enough meat to make a steak and kidney pie.’
      • ‘Follow that with steamed oxtail, beef and veal kidney pudding with roast shallots and buttered carrots.’
      • ‘Tender meat, plenty of kidney, light pastry and tasty gravy would probably have been enough without the helping of chips.’
      • ‘Her recipe had steak and kidney cooking in the batter, but she said that leftover meat could be used.’
      • ‘Another waitress was close on her heels with the two steak and kidney pies.’
      • ‘Free-range pork is gamey, sweet, tender with just a hint of kidney flavour.’
      • ‘The Pie Committee disbanded itself in indignation, several of whom went down the pub instead, where there were rumours of a nice steak and kidney.’
    2. 1.2Temperament, nature, or kind.
      ‘I hoped that he would not prove of similar kidney’
      • ‘And now, my hearties, be gay, and gaily read the rest, with ease of body and in the best of kidney!’
      • ‘May this missive find its beholder sound of shank and in good kidney.’
      temperament, nature, character, constitution, make-up, grain, humour, temper, mentality, turn of mind
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Middle English: of obscure origin.