Definition of kidney in US English:

kidney

noun

  • 1Each of a pair of organs in the abdominal cavity of mammals, birds, and reptiles, excreting urine.

    The kidneys' main function is to purify the blood by removing nitrogenous waste products and excreting them in the urine. They also control the fluid and ion levels in the body by excreting any excesses. The kidneys were anciently thought to control disposition and temperament

    • ‘It causes the kidneys to get rid of unneeded water and salt from the body into the urine.’
    • ‘She first did some research work in Naples on certain marine worms that live in the kidneys of sea birds.’
    • ‘It can also occur in the bowels, kidneys, bones and joints and can cause meningitis.’
    • ‘Thrombosis of the arteries to the kidneys can cause serious kidney damage.’
    • ‘The most common cause is a failure of the kidneys to excrete uric acid fast enough.’
    • ‘In addition, waste materials cannot be transported properly to the lungs and kidneys for excretion.’
    • ‘The soft parts of the body such as the liver, kidneys and spleen can also be looked at in this way.’
    • ‘If the stretching affects both kidneys, then blockage to the urine pipe is possible.’
    • ‘I think that the argument there is that it's not as risky as giving one of your kidneys.’
    • ‘In some cases the infection can spread to other areas of the body such as the eyes, heart, kidneys, brain and skin.’
    • ‘On the other hand there are some infants that are born with kidneys that never really developed.’
    • ‘You can donate blood, bone marrow, even kidneys and even part of your liver as a living donor.’
    • ‘These air bubbles can make their way to the brain, the heart, the kidneys and other vital organs.’
    • ‘They each had their own head, arms, legs, brain, heart, lungs, kidneys and liver.’
    • ‘It acts slowly and mildly on the secreting organs, such as kidneys, skin and bowels.’
    • ‘According to his mother, his liver, kidneys and muscles then began to break down.’
    • ‘Treatment must be rapid to protect organs such as the kidneys, lungs, and liver from damage.’
    • ‘The cysts can replace much of the mass of the kidneys and can lead to kidney failure.’
    • ‘A small amount of urine drips constantly from your kidneys to your bladder through tubes called ureters.’
    • ‘Kidney transplants are an alternative to dialysis when both kidneys have ceased to function.’
    1. 1.1 The kidney of a sheep, ox, or pig as food.
      • ‘They produce numerous different brands including beef and stout, beef and kidney, wild boar and venison.’
      • ‘It was definitely home-made, full of lean meat, plenty of kidney and rich gravy.’
      • ‘Follow that with steamed oxtail, beef and veal kidney pudding with roast shallots and buttered carrots.’
      • ‘And my daughters prefer them to shepherd's pie, steak and kidney pudding or vegetable stew.’
      • ‘Her recipe had steak and kidney cooking in the batter, but she said that leftover meat could be used.’
      • ‘Free-range pork is gamey, sweet, tender with just a hint of kidney flavour.’
      • ‘Steak, kidney and Guinness pie is just one of a number of tasty and filling pub grub dishes featured on Sean's Irish Pub menu.’
      • ‘The skewer lay on a vol-au-vent filled with a lightly truffled fudge of sweetbread and kidney, a faint lemoniness danced on my tongue.’
      • ‘The Pie Committee disbanded itself in indignation, several of whom went down the pub instead, where there were rumours of a nice steak and kidney.’
      • ‘Similarly, the steak and kidney pie is now made with best blade steak rather than chuck beef.’
      • ‘They dish up a real feast: liver, kidney, some wonderful pink medallions.’
      • ‘Tender meat, plenty of kidney, light pastry and tasty gravy would probably have been enough without the helping of chips.’
      • ‘It was just nice to see Tom and my son getting excited because we had enough meat to make a steak and kidney pie.’
      • ‘Another waitress was close on her heels with the two steak and kidney pies.’
      • ‘The steak and kidney pie was another solid item with lots of English gravy and considered to be good value.’
      • ‘A rare delight is a pig's kidney the size of a fist baked slowly with thyme, tarragon, cream and snippets of bacon.’
      • ‘Liver and onions, fish and chips, Lancashire hot pot and steak and kidney pudding will be on the menu.’
      • ‘Breakfast consisted of fried bacon, sausage and kidney, coffee and Vienna rolls.’
      • ‘It's poached skate with fennel or lamb kidney sausage on bacon and onion bread.’
      • ‘The product names are exchanged for the ingredients of traditional British dishes, such as beans and chips and steak and kidney.’
    2. 1.2 Temperament, nature, or kind.
      ‘I hoped that he would not prove of similar kidney’
      • ‘And now, my hearties, be gay, and gaily read the rest, with ease of body and in the best of kidney!’
      • ‘May this missive find its beholder sound of shank and in good kidney.’
      temperament, nature, character, constitution, make-up, grain, humour, temper, mentality, turn of mind
      View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: of obscure origin.

Pronunciation

kidney

/ˈkidnē//ˈkɪdni/