Definition of keto acid in US English:

keto acid

noun

Chemistry
  • A compound whose molecule contains both a carboxyl group (—COOH) and a ketone group (—CO—).

    • ‘Lipoic acid catalyzes the decarboxylation of [alpha] keto acids in the Krebs cycle.’
    • ‘The unsaturated glucuronyl residues released by the action of the unsaturated glucuronyl hydrolases are nonenzymatically converted to keto acids.’
    • ‘It also suggests that there is an important role for the transporters of amino and keto acids and of NH 3 across the membranes separating the different compartments, particularly across the mitochondria and chloroplasts.’
    • ‘It is now known that the alternative pathway becomes more activated when the AOX protein is reduced and when specific keto acids, for example, pyruvate, are present in sufficiently high concentration.’

Pronunciation

keto acid

/ˌkēdō ˈasəd/