1A member of a people living chiefly in Kazakhstan. Traditionally nomadic, the Kazakh are predominantly Sunni Muslims.
- ‘Approximately 5 percent of the total Mongolian population are Sunni Muslims, mainly ethnic Kazakhs in the western region.’
- ‘In the settler sources reviewed here, this dynamic shows most clearly in the case of peasant views of pastoral nomads, including Muslim Kazakhs and Kyrgyz and Buddhist Altayans.’
- ‘Ten of the 18 passengers were Azerbaijani and four were Kazakhs.’
- ‘Other ethnic groups that were caught within the country as the borders in Central Asia were redrawn during the Soviet era include Uzbeks, Kyrgyz, Turkmen, Kazakhs, Uyghur, and Bukharan and European Jews.’
- ‘Still, there is a massive Russian presence in Kazakhstan, with Kazakhs approximating 45% and Russians 35% of the population.’
2The Turkic language of the Kazakh.
- ‘During Soviet times, when Russian was the only real language of importance, Kazakh failed to keep up with the changing vocabulary of the twentieth century.’
- ‘Central Asia largely speaks Turkic languages (Uzbek, Kazakh, Kyrgyz), which, however, are not that close to the Turkish spoken in Istanbul.’
- ‘With great reluctance the Union admits new members who write in Russian, openly emphasizing the preference for writers who write in Kazakh.’
- ‘She speaks Kazakh, Russian, English and Italian.’
- ‘Unlike their Russian-speaking neighbours from the city, they still speak Kazakh.’
Relating to the Kazakh or their language.
- ‘To our north, the vast featureless Kazakh steppes, an area the size of Western Europe, stretched away seemingly to infinity.’
- ‘At present, however, it is premature to assume that Kazakh oil will make up the gap.’
- ‘The Kazakh national movement, which began in the late 1800s, sought to preserve the Kazakh language and identity.’
- ‘Many Kazakh orphanages, however, lack qualified medical personnel to deal with such problems.’
- ‘His moustache has nothing in common with the typical Kazakh moustache.’
Russian, from Turkic; see Cossack.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.