Main definitions of jute in US English:

: jute1Jute2

jute1

noun

  • 1Rough fiber made from the stems of a tropical Old World plant, used for making twine and rope or woven into sacking or matting.

    • ‘There were different weaves in jute and blends of jute with cotton and silk.’
    • ‘About 200 yardages produced with natural fibres like cotton, wool, silk, and jute in natural dyes and the different structures using different counts of yarn are being displayed in the show.’
    • ‘People now use reusable bags, commonly woven from jute, creating another industry with associated economic benefit.’
    • ‘Fabrics with 60 per cent cotton, 20 per cent jute and 20 per cent silk give a silky finish and are suited for all occasions.’
    • ‘This superfine cloth comes from our own traditional handlooms woven out of natural fibres like cotton, linen, silk, wool, jute, etc. and soaked in natural dyes.’
    • ‘I go back and find some odd things like rope and natural jute twine packaged for the crafts market.’
    • ‘This information will show whether it is profitable for a farmer to produce fibre from kenaf and jute,’ he said.’
    • ‘The jute and silk blended saris, available at some shops such as Nalli's, are eco-friendly; they come in double shades or light colours.’
    • ‘Then, like magpies, they hurry back to their workshop loaded with wisps of lace and coils of steel mesh, strands of silk and ropes of jute.’
    • ‘In fact, the cloth made of cotton, silk, and jute has lovely shades of mauve, brown, blue, and white.’
  • 2The herbaceous plant which is cultivated for jute fiber, with edible young shoots.

    Genus Corchorus, family Tiliaceae: several species, in particular C. capsularis of China and C. olitorius of India

    • ‘The prices of jute, potato, soyabean, cashew nut, pepper, rubber, green tea leaves, coconut, groundnut and coffee have fallen sharply.’
    • ‘Some paper, however, is made from such plants as cotton, rice, wheat, cornstalks, hemp, and jute; very high quality ‘rag’ paper is still derived from cotton rags.’
    • ‘Natural products from jute and banana fibre are being promoted with much hype, especially in urban setups where there is a demand for anything biodegradable.’
    • ‘This is more so in the case of small & medium Farmers who are involved in conventional cultivation of common products like rice, wheat, coconut, jute or sugar cane.’
    • ‘There's also a freezer full of such frozen goods as okra, cut pigs' feet, snails, jute leaves, hot peppers, red snapper, and hard chicken.’
    • ‘The major crops are rice, jute, wheat, tea, sugarcane, and vegetables.’
    1. 2.1 Used in names of other plants that yield fiber, e.g. Chinese jute.
      • ‘For the Sahara Cup, it was the Chinese jute cap, T-shirt, chinos, towel set and socks; for the McDowells event, it will be a leather pouch for golf balls and a leather wallet.’
      • ‘Gunny bags account for about 90 percent of the total production of Chinese juteand kenaf textile mills.’
      • ‘The Chinese jute growing and manufacturing industry reached its zenith in 1985.’

Origin

Mid 18th century: from Bengali jhūṭo ‘matted hair’, from Prakrit juṣṭi.

Pronunciation

jute

/jo͞ot//dʒut/

Main definitions of jute in US English:

: jute1Jute2

Jute2

noun

  • A member of a Germanic people that may have come from Jutland and, according to the Venerable Bede, joined the Angles and Saxons in invading Britain in the 5th century, settling in a region including Kent and the Isle of Wight.

    • ‘Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and Frisians who settled in England were still imbued with the traditional freedom of primitive German society.’
    • ‘The area is recorded as being the site where the Britons fought the Jutes at the Battle of Creganford in 457.’
    • ‘The Jutes settled in and near Kent, but the dialect for the region is known as Kentish, not Jutish.’
    • ‘Compared to Beowulf, we are told that Hermod was treacherous, exiled along with the Jutes.’
    • ‘Across the North Sea, new Germanic tribes were settling: Angles, Jutes, Saxons.’
    • ‘I have always understood the Angles, Saxons and Jutes were Germanic tribes who moved to Britain following the retreat of the Roman Empire.’
    • ‘Britain is a mongrel country of Britons, Celts, Scots, Picts, Romans, Angles, Saxons, Jutes, Vikings, Normans, Jews, Huguenots, members of the Empire and Commonwealth, and many more groups.’
    • ‘I would suggest that concentration on teaching the Romans, Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Normans in Britain is more likely to achieve her objective.’
    • ‘The collapse of Roman rule in the early fifth century ended urban life, as groups of Germanic Angles, Jutes, and Saxons carved the country into tribal enclaves and later created the heptarchy.’
    • ‘The Jutes settled in Kent, the Saxons in Essex, Sussex, Middlesex and Wessex, and the Angles everywhere else.’

Origin

Old English Eotas, Iotas, influenced later in spelling by medieval Latin Jutae, Juti.

Pronunciation

Jute

/jo͞ot//dʒut/