Definition of jurisdiction in US English:



  • 1The official power to make legal decisions and judgments.

    ‘federal courts had no jurisdiction over the case’
    ‘the District of Columbia was placed under the jurisdiction of Congress’
    • ‘The foundations of the present administrative law jurisdiction of common law courts is found in this process.’
    • ‘It does not sound like the sort of case the High Court, in the limited jurisdiction of judicial review, would become involved in.’
    • ‘The undertaking was expressly stated to be governed by English law and any dispute was subjected to the exclusive jurisdiction of the English High Court.’
    • ‘As mayor of Los Angeles, Riordan had no official role or any jurisdiction over city schools.’
    • ‘Does it have something to do with the powers and jurisdiction of the Tribunal?’
    • ‘Turkey officials waved jurisdiction of the case because it did not involve any Turkish nationals, Edmonson said.’
    • ‘The adjudicator is not exercising the residual jurisdiction of judicial review.’
    • ‘And nor should it exclude the jurisdiction of any other state that gives its courts universal jurisdiction over international crimes.’
    • ‘So long as the Master has jurisdiction over the matter, as Master Bredmeyer did, he is in the position of a judge.’
    • ‘Another limitation is a rule found in various forms in some legal systems which denies jurisdiction over actions involving foreign land.’
    • ‘Where is the dignity of the legal jurisdiction of administrative agencies?’
    • ‘Last Friday, President Bush signed a bill modifying federal jurisdiction over class action law suits.’
    • ‘The public prosecutors with jurisdiction over the matter didn't treat the incidents so lightly.’
    • ‘The parties agreed that the tribunal should deal with the matter of its jurisdiction over the counterclaim as a preliminary issue.’
    • ‘The decision of the Commissioner to refuse leave is subject to the supervisory jurisdiction of the High Court exercised in judicial review proceedings.’
    • ‘Magistrates declined jurisdiction of the case because they felt their powers of punishment would not be adequate if the men were found guilty.’
    • ‘This is not to say that the case-law on the inherent jurisdiction of the High Court is wholly irrelevant.’
    • ‘We question whether plaintiff may obtain personal jurisdiction over the defendant in this judicial district.’
    • ‘The magistrates declined jurisdiction of the case and committed the defendant for trial at the Crown Court.’
    • ‘The administration of the Turkish Cypriot community had absolute jurisdiction over part of the island.’
    authority, control, power, dominion, rule, administration, command, sway, leadership, sovereignty, ascendancy, hegemony, mastery
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    1. 1.1 The extent of the power to make legal decisions and judgments.
      ‘the claim will be within the jurisdiction of the industrial tribunal’
      • ‘Many a writ in rem has been issued in the hope or expectation that the ship against which the plaintiff has brought his action will come within the jurisdiction.’
      • ‘Nor can it effectively do justice in the individual case within the limits of its jurisdiction and to that extent vindicate the rule of law.’
      • ‘The Court has been criticized for expanding its jurisdiction into areas that should be reserved for national courts.’
      • ‘As a luminary and law minister Beig can not be expected to overstep his jurisdiction and transgress his limits beyond his domain.’
      • ‘These cases fall within the ancillary or incidental jurisdiction of the International Tribunal.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, they failed to fight the terrorist cells that grew in the area under their jurisdiction.’
      • ‘The pressures of determining jurisdiction and the limits of sovereignty is growing.’
      • ‘This was a decision in the original jurisdiction of this Court.’
      • ‘According to Keys, the station was commended for its outstanding service rendered to areas under its jurisdiction.’
      • ‘The statutory powers will enable local authorities to seal off areas under their jurisdiction to prevent the disease spreading.’
      • ‘No evidence is before the court that any new appliance is under design or construction - or even in contemplation, within the jurisdiction.’
      • ‘Judges in general, and US judges in particular, hate limits on their jurisdiction.’
      • ‘There is no requirement that the act of greater evil should be unlawful, nor that it take place within the jurisdiction.’
      • ‘The second defendant also has substantial property within the jurisdiction.’
      • ‘The act must be one committed within the jurisdiction by the alleged tortfeasor, not the victim.’
      • ‘If that is the case, the defendant will simply have to remain in custody, if no suitable surety within the jurisdiction can be found.’
      • ‘Due service within the jurisdiction depended on whether that defendant had at the time of service been domiciled in this country.’
      • ‘The procuring must occur within the jurisdiction although the sexual intercourse may occur outside the jurisdiction.’
      • ‘They say the new municipal boundaries will incorporate areas which are presently under their jurisdiction into urban areas.’
      • ‘Usually, the defendant has to be served within the jurisdiction; that is the common law rule.’
    2. 1.2 A system of law courts; a judicature.
      ‘in some jurisdictions there is a mandatory death sentence for murder’
      • ‘That case has been applied by practically every court in the highest point of the hierarchy in common law jurisdictions in the world.’
      • ‘The council is required by law to review conservation areas in their jurisdiction on a periodical basis.’
      • ‘The provision limiting comment accords with the present law in those jurisdictions where judicial comment may be made.’
      • ‘What is different here, though, is that there is no competing jurisdiction with an interest.’
      • ‘Mutual recognition is the sole guarantor that there will be a relatively level playing field in any source jurisdiction.’
      • ‘The judicial system resembles that of other common law jurisdictions.’
      • ‘This, of course, presumes filing the lawsuit in a jurisdiction with such a law.’
      • ‘Well, the other theory of the Constitution is that the appellate jurisdiction is a special jurisdiction.’
      • ‘And lastly the fourth lesson is to promote competition among jurisdiction, firms and individuals.’
      • ‘The rule as it has developed in common law jurisdictions is in fact an exception to an exception to a rule of evidence.’
      • ‘Incarceration is a well-publicized feature of the American system, and is available too in other jurisdictions.’
      • ‘There are only a narrow number of countries under the Convention that have specialist Family Law jurisdictions.’
      • ‘As a result the common law courts still remain more distant from the merits than the administrative law courts of continental jurisdictions.’
      • ‘Thus any later law was recognised in both common law and civil law jurisdictions.’
      • ‘The same applies to the courts and jurisdictions of the Cayman Islands.’
      • ‘In some jurisdictions this is a mandatory sentence of death.’
      • ‘This is a topic on which the law has never been the same in the common law jurisdictions.’
      • ‘The limits of any jurisdiction to vacate orders made and perfected by courts of appeal have not been examined or stated by this Court in the criminal sphere.’
      • ‘Do not the Netherlands and Switzerland have a more stringent test than common law jurisdictions?’
      • ‘There is thus an argument for saying that criminal record should be routinely admitted as in continental jurisdictions.’
    3. 1.3 The territory or sphere of activity over which the legal authority of a court or other institution extends.
      ‘several different tax jurisdictions’
      • ‘In other words, can they engage in legal economic activity in a jurisdiction where prostitution is legal?’
      • ‘While referring to the laws of other jurisdictions, US courts have given them short shrift.’
      • ‘It did not seek to assert jurisdiction over any person or any asset outside the territorial jurisdiction of the court.’
      • ‘But section 44 of the Judiciary Act expressly empowers us to remit things within our jurisdiction.’
      • ‘To that extent, if there are costs incurred by the marshal in meeting that they are the subject of a fulsome undertaking by a person within the jurisdiction.’
      • ‘There is no legislation of South Australia which says that courts of other jurisdictions may not sit in South Australia.’
      • ‘The first is whether you are only relying on damage within the jurisdiction.’
      • ‘It was, as a matter of English law, an automatic consequence of the loss of the goods within the jurisdiction.’
      • ‘But in these cases we would presumably want them to be tried within the jurisdiction in which they committed their crimes.’
      • ‘Other Canadian provincial and territorial jurisdictions eventually followed suit.’
      • ‘It is merely a document, which must be served within the jurisdiction under CPR part 6.5.’
      • ‘National courts can try defendants, whether or not they are nationals and whether the offences occurred within the jurisdiction.’
      • ‘Is there a threatened breach of contract within the jurisdiction?’
      • ‘In any of these pieces of legislation, and they vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, there's limits as to what it is that has to be recorded.’
      • ‘Although the husband had only forty-seven days in totality within the relevant twelve months he had made nine arrivals within the jurisdiction.’
      • ‘To that extent, the court in either jurisdiction may be regarded as the natural forum.’
      • ‘There was no reference to other courts in other jurisdictions.’
      • ‘Indeed many local governments act as if their main goal were to maximize land values within the jurisdiction.’
      • ‘The public authority is within the jurisdiction where the First Protocol applies.’
      • ‘And for other breaches the Master can be fined if it is within the jurisdiction.’
      territory, region, province, district, area, zone
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Middle English: from Old French jurediction, from Latin jurisdictio(n-), from jus, jur- ‘law’ + dictio ‘saying’ (from dicere ‘say’).