Definition of jump in English:



  • 1[no object] Push oneself off a surface and into the air by using the muscles in one's legs and feet.

    ‘the cat jumped off his lap’
    ‘he jumped twenty-five feet to the ground’
    • ‘Yet relative to body size, fleas jump 150 times their height - the equivalent of a human jumping about 1,000 feet.’
    • ‘I don't think it was a foul because I just jumped up with him and he fell over.’
    • ‘She purred, rubbing her head on Holly's leg as she passed, and jumped up onto the table.’
    • ‘As soon as we got there we quickly jumped into the pool and immediately started tossing a beach ball back and forth.’
    • ‘Getting off was tricky because the steps they brought did not quite reach the doors so we had to jump about two foot from the plane onto the top step.’
    • ‘Despite jumping about 12 feet to the ground, Lee Hammond, 18, suffered only mild effects of smoke inhalation and declined to be taken to hospital.’
    • ‘When I woke up the dog was barking and jumping up and down in front of the window.’
    • ‘Suddenly a young man jumped on to the podium and started playing his guitar and singing.’
    • ‘There was a general melee in which some of the men jumped over barriers in an attempt to escape and eventually the four were arrested.’
    • ‘The student jumped in to save him and managed to reach the man, dragging him to muddy ground.’
    • ‘In a daring escape, a kidnapped Malaysian man jumped four stories from a building yesterday and then took a taxi to the police station to get help from authorities.’
    • ‘But he soon found himself soaked with icy water, after jumping over a fifteen foot wall to reach the narrow riverbank.’
    • ‘She nodded her head as one of their cats jumped into her lap and she started to stroke it.’
    • ‘Since the other boys are doubtful, Finn takes off his clothes, climbs the tree and gleefully jumps off one of its branches, landing in the river below.’
    • ‘Mrs Walls managed to escape the fire by jumping out of an upper window at the front of the two-storey house.’
    • ‘It was a brave decision because he had to jump about 15 feet down into the river in the dark.’
    • ‘I enjoyed the attitude of their lead singer, who walked on stage with a cigarette in one hand, a beer in the other, then later on proceeded to jump over the sound barrier to join the crowd.’
    • ‘All the kids started jumping up and down and cheering and waving.’
    • ‘All four crewmen jumped overboard with life preservers.’
    • ‘The burglar then jumped 30 feet to freedom out of a window.’
    leap, spring, bound, hop, bounce
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    1. 1.1[with object]Pass over (an obstacle or barrier) by jumping.
      • ‘Croft galloped across the field and jumped the low hedge into the meadow.’
      • ‘There are hurdles still to be jumped: possible EC and Department of Justice inquiries or rejection of the deal by the shareholders.’
      • ‘The six year old gelding took to jumping fences like a duck to water.’
      • ‘Despite our best efforts, the deer had easily jumped our carefully erected fence.’
      • ‘There is nothing better than to see four or five horses jumping the last at Cheltenham and coming up that hill.’
      • ‘Visitors are ignoring numerous written and verbal warnings not to exit the building, and are jumping barriers or opening fire exits to get on to the mountain.’
      • ‘It was a smallish expanse of grassland bordered by hedges the horses could easily jump if they were so inclined.’
      • ‘Should the 12-year-old negotiate the track safely, he will break the record for the number of National fences ever jumped by one horse.’
      • ‘The horse comfortably jumped the final fence and won by 10 lengths as favourite Ibis Rochelais failed to keep pace.’
      • ‘When she questioned them one of the men punched her in the face, leaving her with a swollen eye and a gash to the forehead, before the pair jumped the barriers and ran off.’
      • ‘Bertha Jones said she saw officers chasing the suspect across the street where he jumped an iron gate and put his hands in the air as if to surrender.’
      • ‘Over $5,000 is on the line in a competition that sees motorcycle riders jumping an 80 ft gap whilst performing tricks in the air.’
      • ‘If avian flu manages to jump the species barrier completely then it's going to spread extremely rapidly.’
      • ‘Napster also still has to jump some serious legal hurdles to guarantee its future.’
      • ‘Initial police reports suggested that he jumped the ticket barrier and ran onto the train.’
      leap over, clear, sail over, hop over, go over, leapfrog
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    2. 1.2[with adverbial](of an athlete or horse) perform in a competition that involves jumping over obstacles.
      ‘his horse jumped well and won by five lengths’
      • ‘Mullins was delighted that the decision to send him to the front early worked, and the horse jumped brilliantly.’
      • ‘The horse did not jump well and but for the departures of leader Ricardo and second placed Joueur D' Estruval at the third last it could well have been a different story entirely!’
      • ‘On top of that, I was upset because we'd just gone four miles and the horse had jumped really well.’
      • ‘Two riders jumped steady clears to finish ahead of Joanne, but she held on to the third ticket after an agonising wait.’
      • ‘I don't think I've ever seen a horse jump so well over the Aintree fences as Hallo Dandy’
      • ‘On an individual note, Marion Hughes and Heritage Fortunas performed well, jumping clear in round one and adding just four in the second.’
      • ‘Apparently the horse jumped particularly well and his trainer expects him to make a big impression in novice chases.’
      • ‘‘He was beaten by a very good horse but he jumped well and battled well,’ he said.’
      • ‘We have some good riders, they all jumped well today and we expect a good placing tomorrow if not a win.’
      • ‘Fantasia jumped lazily the first time, but cantered after the fence - a sure sign your horse jumped well.’
      • ‘Hedgehunter - loves Aintree and jumps effortlessly around the course.’
      • ‘He rode Word Perfect II, who jumped only the third clear round in the event's history.’
    3. 1.3(especially of prices or figures) rise suddenly and by a large amount.
      ‘exports jumped by 500 percent during the decade’
      • ‘Fuel prices in Perth are also on the rise, with the average unleaded price jumping from 84.7 cents a litre on Monday to 92.4 cents yesterday.’
      • ‘A dozen eggs used to cost Rp 6,200, now the price has jumped to Rp 7,000.’
      • ‘The price of oil jumped again yesterday, but was still trading just off its all-time high of $44.77 reached last Friday.’
      • ‘As a result, inventories will be tight this winter and there is every likelihood that prices will jump as much as 30%.’
      • ‘The earnings of gold-mining companies should jump if the price of gold rises.’
      • ‘Net profit jumped by 53 per cent while operating profit is up 25.43 per cent.’
      • ‘Immediately after the storm, gas prices jumped as much as 50 cents per gallon in some areas.’
      • ‘The price of gold jumped $7 an ounce in a single trading session.’
      • ‘In 1996 10,000 houses were built in rural areas, but the figure had jumped to 18,000 by 1999.’
      • ‘China's property prices jumped 11 percent in the first five months of the year as the economy expands.’
      • ‘We'll start in Las Vegas, where housing prices jumped more than 50 percent last year alone.’
      • ‘China's coal prices have jumped more than 40 per cent over the past year.’
      • ‘In 2004 that figure has jumped to over 800 a month, yet the scheme is still threatened with closure.’
      • ‘If his predictions are correct, he believes turnover at the centre will jump from £16 million in the first year to £200 million in year five.’
      • ‘Tyre production in May this year increased by 10 per cent as against the same month last year, with exports jumping by 62 per cent.’
      • ‘The price of oil jumped higher yesterday amid increased tension in the Middle East - giving rise to fears of higher prices at the pumps.’
      • ‘The index jumped 3.1 percent on Tuesday, one day after the election.’
      • ‘On Monday, European oil stocks performed well as the price of oil jumped to its highest level in three months.’
      • ‘Over the past 18 months, the total number of jobs at the business and technology park jumped from 150 to 400.’
      • ‘In the health authority area of Greenwich, Bexley and Bromley, the same figure jumped from 19 to 27 over the same period.’
      rise, go up, leap up, shoot up, soar, surge
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    4. 1.4informal (of a place) be full of lively activity.
      ‘the bar is jumping on Fridays and Saturdays’
      • ‘Went to Hurricane for a Christmas Party & the place was jumping!’
      • ‘The place was jumping and there was a smell of paraffin.’
      • ‘The place was jumping, yes a little bit over crowded, and slightly pretentious, but that just added to the atmosphere.’
      • ‘I turned around when the big anthemic tunes came on and it was nothing short of an incredible sight to see the whole place jumping.’
      • ‘On Saturday evening, this place was jumping!’
      • ‘The place is always jumping and the energy is vibrant.’
      • ‘I had an email earlier today from my friend Mariella in Auckland, who says that the place is jumping with the extra people come into town for the Big Day Out.’
      • ‘Old favourites such as Give It Away got the standing area jumping, making getting close to the band a dangerous, though worthwhile, experience.’
      • ‘While the place was jumping and filled with appreciative listeners, the rest of the pub, with its sad Sky TV and pool table, was an echoing canyon.’
      • ‘In town ‘no vacancy’ signs proliferate and the town is jumping for the Easter weekend.’
      • ‘Well get down to the Dooney some night this week, because the place is literally jumping with the best music and craic around.’
      • ‘It's bustling enough by day, but by night the joint is jumping.’
      • ‘The town was jumping, as it usually was in the summer, and I wanted so badly to be out in it, living it up.’
      • ‘But the joint was jumping, a number of people were already there and more were expected.’
      • ‘The annual regatta fortnight is held over the final week of July and first week of August, a time when the place is jumping with visitors and locals alike.’
      • ‘New York was lively and jumping and it was great to not have to go near my car for four days.’
      • ‘Barry's will be jumping this St Patrick's Weekend with the best entertainment around.’
      • ‘It's nine o'clock on a beautiful Friday evening in Leith, but the joint isn't jumping.’
      busy, crowded, bustling, hectic, swarming, teeming, astir, buzzing, thronging
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    5. 1.5informal [with object](of driver or a vehicle) fail to stop at (a red traffic light)
      • ‘The pair were hit on Manchester Road, Heaton Chapel, on Sunday evening when the driver jumped a red light.’
      • ‘On Tuesday there was a serious accident at the crossroads at Tzanov Boulevard and Ivanov Street at 9pm when one driver jumped a red light.’
      • ‘The next time you decide to jump a red light, the prying eyes of the law may not be the only ones to be wary of.’
      • ‘All are seeking compensation in the aftermath of Britain's worst train disaster, which was caused because a driver jumped a red light.’
      • ‘Police should deal with the increasing number of motorists jumping traffic lights by switching resources away from speed cameras, says the RAC.’
      • ‘The widow of a man killed when an articulated lorry jumped traffic lights and ploughed into his car said today nine months jail for the driver was ‘lenient’.’
      • ‘For example, they could stop using their mobile phones while driving, try and drive at the speed limit and try not to jump lights.’
      • ‘Another idea is placing cameras on traffic lights to catch drivers jumping red lights.’
      • ‘Now, instead of concentrating on speeders and drivers jumping red lights, the officers will focus on muggers and thugs.’
      • ‘I have, on one occasion, started to cross a pelican crossing and a car jumped the red lights and nearly hit me.’
      • ‘A CAB firm has called for a speed camera to be investigated after 12 drivers were clocked jumping a red traffic light - at zero miles per hour.’
      • ‘Leigh's car was seen driving at high speeds close to another car and both vehicles jumped a red light.’
      • ‘The mobile cameras can detect a speeding motorist up to 100 yards away while red light cameras detect drivers who jump traffic lights.’
      • ‘I was slowing down as the lights turned to red; the man driving behind me hooted, wanting me to jump the lights, enraged that I had not done so.’
      • ‘They were installed at traffic lights along the busy A630 Balby corridor last March to stop motorists jumping red lights.’
      • ‘They should also put cameras at the bottom of the high street to stop people jumping the traffic lights down there.’
      • ‘Motorists jump red lights and get stuck on level crossings.’
      • ‘One expert assessment found that, out of 17 accidents up until the end of last year, 14 were caused by motorists jumping red lights.’
      ignore, disregard, fail to stop at, drive through, overshoot
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    6. 1.6[with object]Get on or off (a train or other vehicle) quickly, typically illegally or dangerously.
      • ‘Our hero took his chance and legged it, grabbing his coat and case and jumping train miles from home.’
      • ‘Money was tight and we had to keep low, so we jumped a freight train to get back to New York.’
      • ‘Determined to escape this grim prospect, she jumps a bus to Sydney in the hope of rejoining her estranged father.’
      • ‘I wound up jumping freight trains, going to Texas and not going to school, working in the oil fields, bucking hay, and doing all kinds of stuff.’
    7. 1.7North American [with object]Take summary possession of (a mining concession or other piece of land) after alleged abandonment or forfeiture by the former occupant.
      • ‘During an argument over which settler had the right to jump the land claim of an Indiana lumber company, Coleman shot Dow in the back.’
      • ‘After Deborah wins Linda's quarter-section from Crook by jumping the claim, she and Eden develop the land and begin extracting manganese from the hill at the center of the property.’
  • 2[no object] (of a person) move suddenly and quickly in a specified way.

    ‘Juliet jumped to her feet’
    ‘they jumped back into the car and drove off’
    • ‘‘Wait right there,’ Simon said, jumping to his feet and jogging to his tent.’
    • ‘At the gates of his house two guards jump to their feet at the sound of strangers crunching on the gravel.’
    • ‘A loud clang from several feet away made her jump.’
    • ‘On Saturday we jumped on a bus and headed for the William Nicholson exhibition at the Royal Academy.’
    • ‘He jumps out of the chair, shakes my hand, thanks me and leaves.’
    • ‘The men in the room instantly jump to attention as they had been trained to in the academy.’
    • ‘Logan jumped onto his horse, and without looking back, he rode off.’
    • ‘She jumped up, full of childish excitement, and flung her arms around him.’
    • ‘Jack jumped forward quickly and held the door before she could slam it.’
    • ‘Phineas shoved a key in the passenger door and jumped inside.’
    • ‘When we pulled out a camera, both girls jumped up and rushed over to us, waving their arms angrily.’
    • ‘I heard someone coming up the stairs, so I quickly jumped into bed, and hid the backpack under the covers.’
    • ‘I jumped out of bed, anxious to get to school.’
    • ‘Travis jumps off the horse and runs over to Cody.’
    • ‘He jumped up and rushed out of our room and into my parents' room as Melissa started to cry.’
    • ‘When he saw me he jumped up, a big smile on his face.’
    • ‘They immediately jumped to their feet, their faces flushed with guilt, just as Mr. Christensen walked in.’
    • ‘Adam was quiet for a few minutes, then he suddenly jumped to his feet.’
    • ‘No one answered and he had a strong urge to jump back into his car and drive off as fast as possible.’
    • ‘The smoke alarm in the kitchen began to beep and Carla jumped off her seat, looking about her wildly.’
    leap, spring, bound, hop, bounce
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    1. 2.1(of a person) make a sudden involuntary movement in reaction to something that causes surprise or shock.
      ‘an owl hooted nearby, making her jump’
      • ‘But her eyes had hardly adapted to the darkness when a new shock made her jump.’
      • ‘Suddenly, the kitchen door burst open, and all four of us jumped.’
      • ‘Just then, her intercom beeped, making her jump.’
      • ‘Lightning cracked and the lights flickered, making both girls jump.’
      • ‘The man, surprised by this sudden movement jumped, and screamed.’
      • ‘There was a moment of awkward silence until a phone ringing made them all jump, then they laughed, embarrassed that they were so easily startled.’
      • ‘She glanced up and then jumped, truly surprised to see him.’
      • ‘Suddenly, Samantha's cell phone rang, causing her to jump in surprise.’
      • ‘A knock at the door made me jump.’
      • ‘She jumped in shock, apparently not knowing that I had come in.’
      • ‘We all jumped, surprised that she was even paying attention.’
      • ‘Suddenly there was a knock at the door making us both jump.’
      • ‘Whenever something fell or moved, she'd jump in surprise.’
      • ‘Instead, we slowly creep along, jumping each time a twig cracks beneath us.’
      • ‘As I am leaving, he follows me silently down the stairs and jumps slightly when I turn around.’
      • ‘He gently touches her shoulder, and she jumps in surprise.’
      • ‘The sudden voice made her jump and she turned round to see who it was.’
      • ‘Harriet Feinglass jumps every time the phone rings.’
      • ‘He jumps, surprised, and the loud clatter of silverware resonates from our corner of the reception hall.’
      • ‘I jumped, startled by the sound of someone banging on the door.’
      start, jerk, jolt, flinch, recoil, twitch, wince
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    2. 2.2Pass quickly or abruptly from one idea, subject, or state to another.
      ‘she jumped backward and forward in her narrative’
      • ‘The two dropped the subject and quickly jumped to other things.’
      • ‘He jumps from subject to subject with practically no transitions.’
      • ‘From there the scenes jump between the guys in a beach house in Alexandria and their female counterparts back in Cairo.’
      • ‘The storyline jumps forward and backward in time in non-linear fragments.’
      • ‘While the script jumps forward and backwards in time, Rose leaves more unexplained than he should.’
      • ‘The film jumps back and forth between his rise to power and the trial that led to his 25-year sentence.’
      • ‘After a quick introduction the film jumps back twenty years to show us how these two ended up in the ring together.’
      • ‘The book jumps frequently across the 20th century, not always coherently; useful details are dropped in odd locations.’
      • ‘Closer takes place over the course of four years but often jumps ahead a few months or a year at a time, concentrating on periods of crisis in the relationships portrayed.’
      • ‘The letters that are interspersed throughout the book seem to be in order but the rest of the book jumps back and forth seemingly as he thinks of things to write about.’
      • ‘Owen scowled, annoyed the subject had jumped from cute girls to school in a matter of seconds.’
      • ‘With all my revisions I'm concerned that the scenes jump from person to person far too often.’
      • ‘Vivian jumped from subject to subject without pause, as if breathing were merely a happy suggestion.’
      • ‘He was talking really fast, jumping from one subject to the next, probably hoping that he would not have to listen to what I had to say.’
      • ‘Movements are quick, speech is fast and thoughts jump from idea to idea.’
      • ‘The varying heights of the artwork will only serve to add confusion and your gaze will jump from piece to piece.’
      • ‘He jumped from one subject to another with out explaining himself but he was perfectly clear… eventually.’
      • ‘The scenes cut between the characters and jump backwards and forwards in time.’
      • ‘The book jumps from story to story, with some anecdotes feeling over-explained and others seemingly incomplete.’
      • ‘Now Hooke was never a person who did one thing at a time, indeed he seemed at his best when his mind was jumping from one idea to another.’
    3. 2.3[with object]Omit or skip over (part of something) and pass on to a further point or stage.
      • ‘Andrew Drury put in a near perfect performance that enabled him to jump a grade by skipping the yellow belt all together and moving up to orange belt.’
      • ‘But with tears streaming down my face it was easy to jump the dozen places to the front of the taxi queue.’
      • ‘Chuck was happy that his daughter was smart enough to jump a grade, but at the same time, it disturbed him. She was growing up so fast.’
    4. 2.4(of a machine or device) move or jerk suddenly and abruptly.
      ‘the vibration can cause the needle to jump’
      • ‘I see him pointing right at me, the gun jumping in his hands.’
      • ‘The little rental car jumps along jerkily as Dad tries to shift gears without giving himself a cardiac arrest.’
      • ‘All I remembered was the gun jumping in my hand and the feeling of ripping, tearing pain.’
      • ‘The polygraph needles jumped and the readings scrolled out.’
      • ‘Dad had left it in gear and the prized family wagon jumped forward smashing into yet another parked car.’
      • ‘I know there may be some movement of the needle because of waves and the rocking action of the boat, but our gauges jump all over.’
      • ‘As I squeezed the trigger, the sound was deafening, the gun jumped uncontrollably in my hands.’
      • ‘Toby changed gears a little too aggressively and the car jumped slightly.’
    5. 2.5(of a person) make a sudden, impulsive rush to do something.
      ‘Gordon jumped to my defense’
      • ‘Stone's Labour colleagues were quick to jump to his defence.’
      • ‘At this point, I still had feelings for him and I really had to fight myself not to just jump back into a relationship with him.’
      • ‘So he would know not to jump right into a relationship with you!’
      • ‘The press feared that was the end of her statement, and quickly jumped in with a barrage of questions that only made her even more emotional.’
      • ‘As quickly as he had jumped to judge Tyler, Jon was learning to have pity for him.’
      • ‘Whenever suffering appears we quickly jump to someone's aid.’
      • ‘My advice is to just jump right into a job that sounds somewhat fun and interesting.’
    6. 2.6[with object](in checkers) capture (an opponent's piece) by jumping over it.
    7. 2.7Bridge Make a bid that is higher than necessary, in order to signal a strong hand.
      ‘East jumped to four spades’
      • ‘If responder has a count of 12 points he can jump straight to three No-Trumps.’
    8. 2.8informal [with object]Attack (someone) suddenly and unexpectedly.
      • ‘Before I had a chance to glance around, someone jumped me from behind.’
      • ‘Proctor had no sooner entered the cell when the two prisoners jumped him.’
      • ‘Victim of a seemingly random attack, he was jumped and kicked to a pulp as he made his way home from a 21st birthday celebration.’
      • ‘Minutes after entering a Boston dance club in the early morning hours, he was jumped from behind by three men.’
      • ‘Brian grunted as someone jumped him from behind, almost losing his balance and falling over.’
      • ‘Micky Adams is walking down the ramp when suddenly he is jumped from behind by a little guy dressed all in black.’
      • ‘Just as he brought his hand down to hit her he was jumped from behind.’
      • ‘Then, out of nowhere, some idiot jumps me and screams profanities at me.’
      • ‘He probably would've jumped him and beaten him to death.’
      • ‘Just as he was about to break the lock off the carriage door, he was suddenly jumped from behind.’
      • ‘Twenty minutes later, however, the alarm went off again and he heard a stool being moved in the bar, so he went down to investigate - only to be jumped from behind.’
      • ‘Jerry jumped him from behind, and messed him up pretty badly.’
      • ‘I just went out to have a good time and a couple of punks jump me and steal my watch and my fanny pack.’
      assault, beat, beat up, batter, thrash, pound, pummel, assail, set upon, fall upon, set about, strike at, let fly at, tear into, lash out at, aggress
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    9. 2.9North American vulgar slang [with object]Have sexual intercourse with (someone)
  • 3North American informal [with object] Start (a vehicle) using jumper cables.

    ‘I jumped his Camry from my Civic’
    • ‘The man on the next farm comes and jumps the battery and goes home again, and I give him a few dollars each time it happens.’
    • ‘I jumped his Buick from the Bronco's battery.’


  • 1An act of jumping from a surface by pushing upward with one's legs and feet.

    ‘in making the short jump across the gully he lost his balance’
    • ‘We started with the simplest steps, then went onto turns and jumps and harder combinations.’
    • ‘The jump was about eight feet, and I landed softly on cold, wet ground.’
    • ‘There's the co-star, intent on doing his own stunts, who ends up the victim of an unfortunate mishap involving a jump from a twenty-foot ledge.’
    • ‘Make sure there is plenty of room before the jump to reach the necessary speed.’
    • ‘Practice repeated, quick, standing jumps off both feet.’
    • ‘Both granddad and grandson were taken to hospital suffering from smoke inhalation and David had also injured his foot after the jump from the top of the house, but they had made it.’
    • ‘My coach told me I had to do the jumps or I could switch to dance.’
    • ‘In fact, similar structures have effectively put a stop to suicide jumps off the Eiffel Tower and the Empire State Building.’
    • ‘Karen Manger was to make the 175-feet jump to raise money for a cancer research project at Christie's hospital, Manchester.’
    • ‘If the next movement is a jump or a pointe step off both feet, the dancer will keep her weight equally on the balls of both feet.’
    • ‘I've heard that vertical jumps can help strengthen your hip bones, reducing your risk of osteoporosis.’
    • ‘A virtuoso soubrette dancer noted for her light, springy jumps, strong feet, and sunny disposition, she was a favourite of Ashton's.’
    • ‘His superior jazz dance technique enabled him to enthral the audience with his endless turns and jumps.’
    • ‘She gives many exercises to make the jumps simpler to learn and do.’
    • ‘The leaps and jumps were high and spectacular to watch, yet the dancers made it appear effortless.’
    • ‘Closing her eyes, she took a small, sudden jump and was surprised when her feet landed firmly on the ground.’
    • ‘One would be level for walkers, people in wheelchairs and parents with buggies, while the other would rise and fall to allow youngsters to practice jumps on their bikes or skateboards.’
    • ‘Tournament skiers like David have long exceeded the 100-feet mark for the jump.’
    • ‘No movement is gratuitous - every jump, turn, arabesque and gesture conveys information.’
    • ‘White won with 13.51 metres, while four of her jumps went beyond the England standard for the Games of 13.10m.’
    • ‘James and Daniel have both been skating for two years and have perfected their technique, mastering leaps and jumps.’
    leap, spring, vault, bound, hop
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    1. 1.1An obstacle to be jumped, especially by a horse and rider in an equestrian competition.
      • ‘Any horse falling at the trial jump or twice refusing is not allowed to compete.’
      • ‘Uttoxeter also has a lot of jumps meetings over the summer.’
      • ‘The bulk of the action on Thursday takes place over the jumps, with meetings at Haydock Park and Ludlow.’
      • ‘Chase and I work on our dressage and then after working on it for about an hour I let Chase rest while I set up some jumps around five feet tall.’
      • ‘The inquiry leading to the arrests was launched following positive dope tests on two horses beaten at short odds in jumps races during March 1997.’
      • ‘Over the jumps at Newcastle, all eyes will be on Jazz d' Estruval in the Novices' Chase.’
      • ‘The final two jumps of the circuit form the only pair negotiated just once - and they could not be more different.’
      • ‘Over jumps, FitzGerald trained six Cheltenham Festival winners, including Forgive'N Forget, who won the Gold Cup in 1985.’
      • ‘Jane moved one of the jumps inside the indoor arena.’
      • ‘And if you just want to watch somebody tackling the jumps, you can relax in the Club Bar overlooking the indoor ring.’
      • ‘They seemed to be climbing higher and higher and then there was a thump and the horse and rider galloped away from the jump and through the yellow and red flags that marked the end of the course.’
      • ‘As her horse leaves the ground in front of a jump, for example, the rider's upper body folds forward.’
      • ‘The Metcalf Memorial marked Sur La Tete's fifth victory in 11 starts over the jumps.’
      • ‘The bay gelding was bred in Pennsylvania and has won six of ten career races over the jumps.’
      • ‘The ‘Blues’ were to win almost every major race in Europe and America, on the flat as well as over the jumps and in harness racing.’
      • ‘And as another campaign over the jumps closes on Saturday, we know he is one of the best racehorses - ever.’
      • ‘A £1,000 horse trailer, horse jumps, eight horse rugs and a generator were also destroyed.’
      • ‘It was in jump racing that he first made his mark as a trainer, sending out two winners on his first day and breaking prize money records as he won the jumps title in his first season.’
      • ‘The award is aimed at recognising consistently good performances in the major races of the jumps season.’
      • ‘Aintree hosts one of the most famous jumps meetings in the world but many of the women of Merseyside seem to think of it more as an all-weather event.’
      obstacle, barrier
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    2. 1.2An act of descending from an aircraft by parachute.
      • ‘She will be doing a tandem jump from 13,000 feet with an instructor at Netheravon airfield.’
      • ‘At once terrifying and thrilling, many would consider a parachute jump to be the experience of a lifetime.’
      • ‘Nicki, who has previously completed a parachute jump in aid of the hospital, lost her first son to the same disease when he was just six days old.’
      • ‘She has already proved herself to be fearless after performing a parachute jump for the charity last year.’
      • ‘When bad weather stopped the jump, the parachute was kept in a store at the airfield that was locked overnight but was left open in the day.’
      • ‘Nothing I have done in my 29 years on this planet comes close to a parachute jump.’
      • ‘The well-known 84-year-old parachutist Eva Bradley, who has made several jumps at Hibaldstow, described the accident as a one-in-a-million chance.’
      • ‘Still a largely illegal activity, base jumpers are usually experienced skydivers who have completed at least 250 jumps before moving on to base jumping.’
      • ‘In all, Stearns, 46, has made more than 14,000 jumps - more than any other woman on the planet.’
      • ‘After 20 jumps, you're ready to jump solo from 10,500 feet with a free fall of 35 to 40 seconds.’
      • ‘I transferred to the paratroops in May 1944 and successfully completed six compulsory parachute jumps.’
      • ‘Up to 30 experienced jumpers will take part but all newcomers will get the opportunity to take a tandem jump.’
      • ‘She is doing a sponsored parachute jump in her granddaughter's memory.’
      • ‘However, in spite of her ordeals, Ms Brown has never let it stop her, even taking part in parachute jumps for charity.’
      • ‘Who holds the record for the highest freefall parachute jump?’
      • ‘But as Halvorsen said, the challenge for high-building jumping is to open the parachute successfully during the jump.’
      • ‘When I related to them how, on one jump, I was caught in a thermal updraft and was actually going up instead of down, they laughed in disbelief.’
      • ‘In December 1982 he broke his leg following a parachute jump and never completed his training.’
      • ‘They also help civilian parachuting groups who are on call for military purposes and provide tandem jumps for search and rescue operations.’
      • ‘Now, nearly 13 years later, she has decided to do a parachute jump to raise money for the special care baby unit at Great Western Hospital.’
    3. 1.3A sudden dramatic rise in amount, price, or value.
      ‘a 51 percent jump in annual profits’
      • ‘The economy added 2.23m jobs last year, the largest gain since 1999, contributing to a jump in consumer confidence.’
      • ‘In the north west currency devaluation has led to a huge jump in the price of imported rice.’
      • ‘The rise, which followed a jump of 0.9 per cent in February, puts the average cost of a house at £149,800.’
      • ‘The increase reflected the biggest jump in consumer spending in a year.’
      • ‘The State has seen a massive jump in cases of the sexually transmitted infection Chlamydia.’
      • ‘By December, however, U.S. industrial production had posted its biggest jump in four years, and companies were hiring again.’
      • ‘He predicted that the biggest jump in prices would come at the lower end of the market.’
      • ‘Clearly, he is more concerned about short-term price jumps than the long-term costs of not acting to slow global warming.’
      • ‘Visa says it saw a 26 percent jump in online spending.’
      • ‘The study blamed rapidly expanding road networks and a sharp increase in flights for the dramatic jump in air, noise and light pollution in the past decade.’
      • ‘The uplift in the figures came from international lending, which saw a 68 per cent jump in profits.’
      • ‘The 68 per cent jump in profits is based on strong revenue growth and the introduction of new routes.’
      • ‘We just found out the other day that gross domestic product rose 3.8 percent, a huge jump.’
      • ‘Still, there are some signs that may indicate a problem, such as a sudden jump in portfolio turnover, a measure of trading activity.’
      • ‘The central bank has noted that overall inflation has been higher than expected, due mainly to a jump in gasoline prices.’
      • ‘It lets a data center automatically spring into action when, for example, the software spies a sudden jump in transaction volumes or a surge in email usage.’
      • ‘The figures showed a big jump in the number of people doing two-year job-related " foundation degrees".’
      • ‘Inflation in the UK took a sudden upward jump last month, rising to an annual rate of 2.6%.’
      • ‘After a sharp jump upward in April 2003, the index stabilized and then strengthened further toward the end of the year.’
      • ‘It is true, of course, that when the nation's industrial capacity is all being used, a sudden jump in military spending will create inflation.’
      rise, leap, increase, upturn, upsurge, upswing, spiralling, lift, escalation, elevation, boost, advance, augmentation
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4A large or sudden transition or change.
      ‘the jump from mass-market to luxury goods’
      • ‘Fischer himself had made the jump from revolution to reform, but the same could not be said for everyone in the Greens.’
      • ‘Of course, I flew from London to Istanbul, so it was a sudden jump from one culture to another, rather than a gradual shift.’
      • ‘Employers have to rethink the way they treat older workers - a gradual glide into retirement being much better than a sudden jump.’
      • ‘Moreover, the transition between these two regimes is known to be sharp; it is a true discontinuity, a sudden jump rather than a smooth gradation.’
      • ‘His obvious self-confidence, deadpan delivery, and great reactions serve to make him a much better actor than most musicians who try to make the jump from the studio to the screen.’
      • ‘And now Dr. Laura is about to make the jump from the radio to the boob tube, courtesy of a show this fall from Paramount Television.’
      • ‘When the first CD writers made the jump from 1x to 2x, consumers rejoiced with the increased speed.’
      • ‘There is even talk that his son Brett might follow in his dad's golden footsteps and make the jump to the WHA if the NHL shuts down.’
      • ‘I think you need to decide if you want to make one large jump or a series of smaller steps that you hope will ultimately change him and your own situation.’
      change, move, passage, transformation, conversion, adaptation, adjustment, alteration, changeover, metamorphosis
      View synonyms
    5. 1.5(in checkers) the act of capturing an opponent's piece by jumping over it.
      • ‘Joe chortled but it had more to do with the three jumps his red checker made over Hoss' black ones.’
    6. 1.6Bridge A bid that is higher than necessary, signaling strength.
      • ‘Generally, a jump bid indicates to your (still-bidding) partner that there is at least one suit for which you cannot supply a card needed for the run.’
    7. 1.7North American dated, vulgar slang An act of sexual intercourse.
  • 2A sudden involuntary movement caused by shock or surprise.

    ‘I woke up with a jump’
    • ‘Upon recognizing who it was, I gave a jump of surprise.’
    • ‘He gave an animated jump of surprise when he saw me, laying a dramatic hand on his chest.’
    • ‘With a small sigh Phoenix linked arms with Theo, making him blush again and give a small jump of surprise.’
    • ‘The next day Ginny awoke with a jump: Johnny was in her room fiddling with her radio and had turned on Radio Two at full volume.’
    • ‘Jenny gave a jump of surprise and turned bright red.’
    • ‘I sat down rather suddenly next to Ming, who, evidently startled, gave a little jump in surprise.’
    • ‘He suddenly gave a small jump of surprise as he looked over at Oriana for the first time.’
    • ‘A knock on the door startled Namura and she gave an involuntary jump.’
    • ‘I woke up with a jump and looked around me.’
    • ‘She laughed at my sudden jump, and chided me for being so paranoid…’
    start, jerk, sudden movement, involuntary movement, convulsive movement, spasm, twitch, wince
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1informal Extreme nervousness or anxiety.


  • be jumping up and down

    • informal Be very angry, upset, or excited.

      • ‘I'm jumping up and down with excitement about coming out to celebrate with you tomorrow night!’
      • ‘Before you all start jumping up and down at that last question, read on.’
      • ‘Meanwhile the Owen injury has got everyone jumping up and down for Chris Sutton's inclusion in the next England squad.’
      • ‘They've been jumping up and down about it for a year now, in fact, over a year now.’
      • ‘For me, this is a record that record labels would have been jumping up and down to get their hands on.’
      • ‘For these reasons, you'd expect liberals to be jumping up and down with joy.’
      very excited, jumping up and down, on fire, delirious, in a frenzy, frantic
      View synonyms
  • get (or have) the jump on someone

    • informal Get (or have) an advantage over someone as a result of one's prompt action.

      • ‘I tell you, I certainly did not expect a young college-aged girl, and her teenaged companion to get the jump on me.’
      • ‘Use this discovery to your advantage before your competitors get the jump on you!’
      • ‘We should get the jump on them before they get the jump on us,’ Steve told them before switching his attention back to Jones.’
      • ‘You've got me confused with my brother Sandro - he's got the jump on me age-wise, by ten years.’
      • ‘He got the jump on us turning for home and we couldn't quite run him down.’
      • ‘So the sooner you figure out the real story, the sooner you'll have the jump on them.’
      • ‘Trulli made a fantastic start from fourth place to take the lead ahead of pole man Michael Schumacher, while Sato from third got the jump on Montoya to go third.’
      • ‘Alex guessed he didn't like anyone getting the jump on him.’
      • ‘Byron got the jump on Lismore with a couple of early goals, but Lismore had gained the lead prior to the first break.’
      • ‘Every day that you struggle with optimizing your website is another day without sufficient income and another day that your competitors have a chance to get the jump on you.’
  • jump bail

    • Fail to appear for trial after being released on bail.

      ‘he jumped bail and was on the run until his arrest’
      • ‘After jumping bail to look after his terminally ill girlfriend, things change.’
      • ‘Police have made a television appeal to find a Bedford accountant who jumped bail two years ago facing a £100,000 theft charge.’
      • ‘An east Yorkshire man who jumped bail after being arrested for drug smuggling eight years ago was jailed for six months yesterday.’
      • ‘In fact, it was probably you who told Mitchell to put Tris under arrest for jumping bail.’
      • ‘He also faces a charge of jumping bail and has been considered a fugitive since 1974.’
      • ‘Nail was later sentenced to more than 20 years' jail for his part in the crime; the police believed King probably jumped bail.’
      • ‘He jumped bail right after the murders and was on the lamb for more than 20 years.’
      • ‘Just last week, a California appellate court turned aside the appeal of Luster's conviction, saying he had forfeited his right to appeal by jumping bail.’
      • ‘He was placed on a witness protection scheme but has now jumped bail and vanished.’
      • ‘When both of them are set after the same slimy car thief who has jumped bail things get out of hand.’
  • jump someone's bones

    • vulgar slang Have sexual intercourse with someone.

  • jump down someone's throat

    • informal Respond to what someone has said in a sudden and angrily critical way.

      • ‘I was just thinking about my wife, but wait, let me explain, before you jump down my throat.’
      • ‘Ok, before you start jumping down my throat, let me explain.’
      • ‘So here is another sincere apology for jumping down your throat.’
      • ‘You jump down my throat every time I try to be nice.’
      • ‘It was rude of me and you were just being a good friend and I had no right to just jump down your throat like that.’
      • ‘But he didn't get an opportunity to tell them this information before they jumped down his throat and accused him of being unsupportive.’
      • ‘Now before you jump down my throat and accuse me of being totally ignorant as to what goes on backstage, let me explain my position.’
      • ‘It was my editor, and before I could say a word, he jumped down my throat!’
      • ‘I'm just hoping that he'll hear me through before jumping down my throat.’
      • ‘He considered offering to take the pack, but knew she would just jump down his throat again about it.’
  • jump for joy

    • Be ecstatically happy.

      ‘I'm not exactly jumping for joy at the prospect’
      • ‘Teenagers across Hampshire were jumping for joy as the wait for their GCSE results finally came to an end.’
      • ‘And I can see why his publisher and agent must have jumped for joy when they read the manuscript.’
      • ‘She was jumping for joy because she's about to become a granny for the first time.’
      • ‘So far from jumping for joy, Eurosceptics should be deeply concerned by the maneuverings in the European Parliament over the new Commission.’
      • ‘While some neighbouring residents were jumping for joy at the result, others voiced their anger that the application had made it so far in the planning process.’
      • ‘I'm afraid that whatever the headlines, there is no basis for council tax payers to be jumping for joy.’
      • ‘Flying in over the city, I was jumping for joy in my tiny airline seat.’
      • ‘And when, after seven gruelling auditions, she ‘got the call’, she jumped for joy.’
      • ‘Students and staff at a Canvey school were jumping for joy after hearing they are to be presented with a prestigious sports award.’
      • ‘As soon as I saw that I had done it the reality just hit me then and I jumped for joy.’
  • jump the gun

    • informal Act before the proper time.

      • ‘If not, maybe you are jumping the gun and are actually feeling uncomfortable about the situation yourself, not about what other people are thinking.’
      • ‘The atmosphere is tense, police and coastguards are on hand to make sure nobody jumps the gun.’
      • ‘Councillor Rowen is jumping the gun, as we haven't even decided if we're adopting the scheme.’
      • ‘I think that, at this point, anything is jumping the gun, other than saying he's the most logical suspect and all the evidence does point to him right now.’
      • ‘While you've been worried about discretion, caution and not jumping the gun, however, your ‘friend’ has been thinking about how to lure you closer.’
      • ‘But are politicians jumping the gun with plans to stop it?’
      • ‘While I could be jumping the gun - the night is still young - it now appears that their final answer is: They were talking about a car.’
      • ‘There's a lot of sense in what he says, but I think he jumps the gun on this one.’
      • ‘It's only been here a week and when we got it I thought I was jumping the gun, but it's so cheerful and pretty and elegant in it's dark green velvety majesty, turning one end of my livingroom into the dark, mysterious winter forest.’
      • ‘There's been some criticism that he's jumping the gun here and trying to look more presidential before there's a concession or anything like that.’
      act prematurely, act too soon, be overhasty, be precipitate
      be previous, be ahead of oneself
      View synonyms
    • informal

      see gun
      act prematurely, act too soon, be overhasty, be precipitate
      View synonyms
  • jump into bed with

    • informal Engage readily in sexual intercourse with.

      • ‘Kate may not be the prettiest girl in the room, but she's for damn sure the one every guy wants to jump into bed with.’
      • ‘Mandy is a bright young woman who wants to better herself and is tired of being treated as a sex object, yet she still tends to find herself jumping into bed with inappropriate men.’
      • ‘I'll have you know that I don't jump into bed with any guy.’
      • ‘I'm not one of those people who will jump into bed with someone easily.’
      • ‘After all, when you switch on TV these days everyone is jumping into bed with each other and people are using four-letter language much stronger than the stuff I ever use.’
      • ‘An extraordinary marriage is on the cards in the United States; the Greens and the neo-conservative right are jumping into bed with each other.’
      • ‘You see I happen to know that my sister would never jump into bed with just any man unless she loves him.’
      • ‘Developer JHP has jumped into bed with the supermarket giant after its original partner, Marks and Spencer, pulled out last year.’
      • ‘The Greens cannot wait to jump into bed with the Labour Party.’
      • ‘You don't get to know someone by jumping into bed with them.’
  • jump in with both feet

    • Get started enthusiastically.

      • ‘What I would do before jumping in with both feet is foster a friendly relationship with her.’
      • ‘I was incredibly naive, and didn't know anything about babies so I just jumped in with both feet.’
      • ‘I was a bit less enthusiastic, not being the type to jump in with both feet before testing the depth of the water.’
      • ‘We really don't want our contractors to invest a lot of money and jump in with both feet until we are certain that CTL is the way to go.’
      • ‘Al Franken's never done radio and jumped in with both feet as a self-proclaimed amateur at the head of a network that was entirely brand new, as well run by other amateurs.’
      • ‘We're both jumping in with both feet but at the same time being somewhat cautious, because we've both been hurt many times in the past.’
      • ‘In an Internet market where most content providers are still gingerly dipping their toes into murky broadband waters, a handful of risk takers have recently decided to jump in with both feet by targeting high-speed users only.’
      • ‘When I see the odds in my favor, I jump in with both feet.’
      • ‘She's new to the community, but she certainly jumped in with both feet.’
      • ‘A lot of other developers wouldn't touch it, but he jumped in with both feet and it turned to gold for him.’
  • jump on the bandwagon

  • jump out of one's skin

    • informal Be extremely startled.

      • ‘I stopped singing suddenly, nearly jumping out of my skin when someone put their hand on my shoulder.’
      • ‘I nearly jumped out of my skin as my cell phone rang.’
      • ‘Abby jumped out of her skin and nearly screamed.’
      • ‘She stretched again and yawned, nearly jumping out of her skin when someone knocked on her door.’
      • ‘When the doorbell rang, I nearly jumped out of my skin.’
      • ‘The clock struck midnight, and half of us jumped out of our skin.’
      • ‘He turned to get a drink and nearly jumped out of his skin at the sight of Meredith.’
      • ‘Suddenly I felt a hand on my shoulder, and nearly jumped out of my skin.’
      • ‘Then the plane started shaking and I nearly jumped out of my skin.’
      • ‘He continued looking around for a moment, then nearly jumped out of his skin as someone tapped him on the shoulder.’
      start, jerk, jolt, flinch, recoil, twitch, wince
      View synonyms
  • jump the queue

    • Cut in line.

      • ‘To be honest, if someone came into the loos and asked politely to jump the queue, I would rarely refuse.’
      • ‘Things get even more unbelievable when I am met by a minder at the airport and get to jump the queue to get my passport checked and suitcase scanned.’
      • ‘If you've never been there before, just follow the sign, don't jump the queue and order your drink politely.’
      • ‘At one point the farmers got to fighting on the doorstep when one of them tried to jump the queue.’
      • ‘Richard Kelly, prosecuting, said fists and hands flailed in a Chelmsford fish and chip shop early in the morning of December 21 when the three thought a man had jumped the queue.’
      • ‘We realised when they started shouting that we must have jumped the queue, so Mark waved the taxi on rather than getting in.’
      • ‘Angry music fans were unable to buy tickets for the U2 concert in Manchester next year after a gang of up to 50 men jumped the queue.’
      • ‘When we found someone to explain our situation, we were at first told to jump the queue, and then told that we would not make our flight.’
      • ‘Any person who tries to jump the queue by smiling, gesturing or otherwise trying to attract the bar person's attention will receive nothing except a polite smile in reply.’
      • ‘A woman contacted police after she was punched in the face by a shopper claiming she had jumped the queue.’
  • jump the shark

    • informal (of a television series or movie) reach a point at which far-fetched events are included merely for the sake of novelty, indicative of a decline in quality.

      • ‘One industry expert described this move as the Hollywood equivalent of jumping the shark.’
      • ‘I never thought the Sopranos would jump the shark.’
      • ‘Many fans consider this season the high water mark of the series; others say it's the year Buffy finally jumped the shark.’
      • ‘Some say that The Simpsons has jumped the shark.’
      • ‘Yep, this eighth season is when Friends finally jumped the shark.’
      • ‘Thus, the 15 minutes of fame for someone who takes herself way too seriously is extended, and another classic ad campaign jumps the shark.’
      • ‘But you have to wonder, has Fahrenheit 9/11 jumped the shark before it has even gotten into theaters?’
      • ‘We spend our days immersed in cultural diversions that jump the shark before anyone can muster a shred of real interest.’
      • ‘It had its faults - some say it jumped the shark when Niles and Daphne got married - and, as with any long-running show, it could get tiresome sometimes.’
      • ‘I'd probably agree that by the end of the 5th season, Buffy hadn't jumped the shark, but there was definitely a fin visible in the water not too far away.’
  • jump ship

    • (of a sailor) leave the ship on which one is serving without having obtained permission to do so.

      ‘he jumped ship in Cape Town’
      figurative ‘three producers jumped ship two weeks after the show's debut’
      • ‘Escaping poverty, they simply jumped ship after docking in New York or San Francisco.’
      • ‘With unemployment at its highest point in nearly a decade, workers lucky enough to avoid layoffs have had little opportunity to jump ship.’
      • ‘So, when we got to Istanbul, we broke into the equipment locker, jumped ship, stole a bus and headed off to Incirlik Airbase on the Black Sea.’
      • ‘He was a hard drinker and a staunch trade unionist who came to Australia as a stoker in 1910 and jumped ship.’
      • ‘She's been feeling a bit low lately after a messy break-up, and I get the impression that things have been a bit stressful for her at work, with layoffs and people jumping ship.’
      • ‘He stows away on a Portugal-bound ship, has qualms about the reception that might await him, and jumps ship at St. Helena.’
      • ‘Anstey stowed away at the age of 11, jumped ship in Sydney and spent 10 years as a seaman.’
      • ‘Throughout the 19th century a steady trickle of lascars - sailors from Africa, China and the Malay archipelago who manned British trading vessels - had been jumping ship as soon as they docked in London.’
      • ‘When the Dutch Fleet visited Australia in 1910 a large number of sailors jumped ship and at least twelve of them later settled in Adelaide.’
      • ‘A new study has found that, despite the slower job market, employees are just as willing to quit their job now than they were at the height of the boom years, when jumping ship seemed like a monthly option for some workers.’
  • jump through hoops

    • Go through an elaborate or complicated procedure in order to achieve an objective.

      • ‘I am about to become an old age pensioner, and am having to jump through hoops in order to get my pension paid into an account at my local post office.’
      • ‘He has only a passing interest in adoption these days - and only then because friends of his are jumping through all the necessary legal and administrative hoops to become adoptive parents.’
      • ‘Unlike Big Brother, it doesn't ask ordinary people to jump through hoops to make them appear more interesting.’
      • ‘If I have to phone a call centre it's because I actually need some help with something, and don't appreciate being made to jump through hoops for several minutes before getting hold of a real, live human being who can assist me.’
      • ‘Consequently, politicians, education agencies and administrators are jumping through hoops to establish ‘educational reforms.’’
      • ‘His family, Mike, our people at the university - we've all been jumping through hoops for months.’
      • ‘But even after forty years at the chalkface, Tom kept his beliefs intact; education was not about jumping through hoops, it was about enabling youngsters to think for themselves, to learn, to have curiosity and drive.’
      • ‘It took 2 years of jumping through hoops, getting approval, and doing the right things - and it was $500,000 later - before anything could happen.’
      • ‘He said if extra money was available for council housing, the council shouldn't be made to jump through hoops by the government to get it.’
      • ‘Unfortunately it is usually women, mainly single parents, who need genuine help and they are expected to jump through hoops to get any help.’
    • Perform a difficult and grueling series of tests at someone else's request or command.

      ‘we had to jump through all sorts of hoops to win accreditation’
      • ‘The development of these drugs consists solely of going through the hoops of getting bureaucratic approval to use them!’
      • ‘It should be easier for hard-working immigrants to come here without first spending years jumping through bureaucratic hoops.’
      • ‘They continue to bill my husband's credit card and after calling twice by telephone and going through the hoops on-line, we still have been unable to disconnect.’
      • ‘It must be annoying having to jump through the hoops here, but we all have to do it.’
      • ‘If he had sold the house then they would probably not have to go through the hoops of getting a search warrant.’
      • ‘Some orphans wreck their life with heavy use of illicit drugs after going through the hoops of searching for a job in vain.’
      • ‘If a member of a profession or a trade establishes himself or herself as competent in a particular area, there is no good reason why he or she should be put through those sorts of hoops.’
      • ‘This of course means I get to go through the hoops a second time.’
      • ‘Why should they have to go through the hoops again?’
      • ‘So we will put victims, who are really claiming because they are outraged, through the hoops of having to try to establish that they have a continuing injury.’
  • jump to conclusions

      • ‘He urged people not to jump to the conclusion that certain government officials were involved in corruption without sufficient evidence.’
      • ‘Maybe they don't drink that much, maybe I'm leaping to conclusions.’
      • ‘I thought I'd heard that Malcolm was supposed to be gay, but maybe someone saw he was English and emotionally repressed and jumped to the conclusion.’
      • ‘Most managers have a tendency to leap to conclusions and are overconfident about the validity of their judgements.’
      • ‘I jumped to the conclusion that she must be diabetic, but apparently not.’
      • ‘I would hate to jump to the conclusion that the editor didn't like what I had to say, but it seems that I am left with no other conclusion.’
      • ‘Some might jump to the conclusion that the short set had something to do with the continuous heckling the band received.’
      • ‘I find that people have difficulty understanding that broad statistical generalizations don't justify leaping to conclusions about individuals.’
      • ‘They had, moreover, leapt to the conclusion that these were forgeries without anything approaching actual proof.’
      • ‘Mr Smyth says the public should not jump to the conclusion that the current dramatic hikes in insurance premiums will add a major burden.’
  • jump to it!

    • informal Used to exhort someone to prompt or immediate action.

      • ‘I've work to do and you, I believe, have some study? Now jump to it.’
      • ‘In the car he demands Elvis on the CD player and woe betide us we don't jump to it at once.’
      • ‘I'll be firing as fast as you can load them, so jump to it!’
      hurry up, get a move on, be quick
      get cracking, get moving, get on with it, shake a leg, look lively, look sharp, get one's finger out, pull one's finger out, get weaving, rattle one's dags
      get one's skates on, stir one's stumps
      get a wiggle on
      get a wriggle on
      put foot
      make haste
      View synonyms
  • jump the track

    • (of a train) become derailed.

      • ‘A 3,000-foot section of track was ripped off the gravel bed where 11 of the coaches jumped the track, leaving wreckage for a quarter of a mile.’
      • ‘Shortly thereafter it started down the steep grade approaching the horseshoe curve where it came to grief, jumping the track, overturning the engine, and destroying four of the wooden cars.’
      • ‘The accident happened when the train jumped the rails at a level crossing in Wigtownshire and landed on its side.’
      • ‘There was a slight hiccup on Saturday when the locomotive jumped the rails on its way back to Bury after the Heywood station celebrations.’
      • ‘A moment later, she heard a thudding noise that sounded as though the train wheels had jumped the track and were now riding on the wooden ties.’
      • ‘Having jumped its rails the express train and the freight load collided at a combined speed of nearly 200 mph with devastating impact.’
      • ‘A report by the Transportation Safety Board of Canada reveals that improperly supported track joints led to surface defects on both rails, causing a CN train to jump the track in May 2003.’
      • ‘He and his co-driver were trapped in their cab after the train jumped the rails and ploughed into trackside gardens.’
  • one jump ahead

    • One step or stage ahead of someone else and so having the advantage over them.

      ‘the Americans were one jump ahead of the British in this’
      • ‘So maybe we're positioning ourselves one jump ahead of the government.’
      • ‘Smart, self-assured and beautifully made, Ocean's Eleven has enough clever moves and sneaky surprises to stay one jump ahead of the audience and remain highly entertaining until the very last drop.’
      • ‘The argument is harsh but compelling: to kill off the disease the vets need to get one jump ahead of it and that means slaughtering animals which are healthy today but might still be contaminated with the virus.’
      • ‘Bryan's forte is pulling the wool over the eyes of his contemporaries and elders, so he is always one jump ahead of his teachers.’
      • ‘You know that the public always likes to be one jump ahead of the story; they like to feel they know what's coming next.’
      • ‘He always tries to ensure that he is one jump ahead of everyone else.’
      • ‘Stay one jump ahead of any problem by knowing about it first!’

Phrasal Verbs

  • jump at

    • Accept (an opportunity or offer) eagerly.

      ‘he jumped at the chance to start his own company’
      • ‘So when he invited me along on his business trip to Miami, I jumped at the opportunity.’
      • ‘When the opportunity to rejoin Bedford arose, he jumped at the chance.’
      • ‘That meant players felt they had to jump at any offer that was on the table or risk losing it.’
      • ‘She is keen to work here and if she got the right offer she would jump at the chance.’
      • ‘Cirque du Soleil is back in town at the Royal Albert Hall and so naturally when the offer of tickets came up I jumped at it.’
      • ‘He jumps at the chance of working at the Royal Observatory in Australia.’
      • ‘Napier City soccer coach Charlie Howe would jump at a top rugby coaching job if it was offered.’
      • ‘Even though he was in his mid sixties and had just survived a serious illness, Hoet jumped at the offer of new employment.’
      • ‘With little or no attention from her demanding husband or her extremely self absorbed grown-up children, Shirley jumps at the chance of a two-week vacation to Greece with a divorced friend.’
      • ‘We would jump at the opportunity to work with the right director or choreographer.’
      accept eagerly, leap at, welcome with open arms, seize on, snap up, grab, snatch, pounce on, go for enthusiastically, show enthusiasm for
      View synonyms
  • jump off

    • (of a military campaign) begin.

      ‘the air-attack phase will continue before the ground attack jumps off’
      • ‘The attack jumped off at Honnef, 10 April.’
      • ‘On the morning of 13 May, the 6th Marine Division attack was scheduled to jump off at 0730.’
      • ‘The attack jumped off six hours later.’
      • ‘The final assault jumped off at 1515 from a crossroads 500 yards south of Clochimont.’
      • ‘The mines were cleared without casualty, and the Marine assault jumped off at 1000.’
      • ‘The First Infantry Division attack jumped off at 0600.’
  • jump on

    • 1Attack or take hold of (someone) suddenly.

      • ‘In a second Kyle jumped on Darren, slamming him to the floor and punching him in the mouth.’
      • ‘She is jumped on and beaten by a man who steals her fur coat.’
      • ‘Then one of them jumped on us and we fell against the police car.’
      • ‘He made a charge for goal and jumped on the goalie.’
      • ‘I didn't have very much time to think into this though because suddenly someone jumped on me, knocking us both backward.’
      • ‘Drew and Matthew rushed forward and jumped on the Russian.’
      • ‘The 32-year-old was jumped on by three men as he walked down Coggeshall Road, Braintree, just after midnight on Saturday.’
      • ‘About 10 attackers jumped on top of me, punching and kicking me.’
      • ‘Now I keep looking around expecting someone to jump on me and attack me.’
      • ‘As he walked down the driveway he was jumped on and beaten with a blunt instrument.’
      1. 1.1Criticize (someone) suddenly and severely.
        • ‘Be it politics or religion or sports or even raising my own damned kids, there is always someone eager to jump on me for the things I say.’
        • ‘Now before you all go jumping on me for being intolerant, I'll tell you all a few things about being intolerant.’
        vilify, disparage, denigrate, defame, run down, impugn, revile, berate, belittle, abuse, insult, slight, attack, speak badly of, speak ill of, speak evil of, pour scorn on, criticize, censure, condemn, decry, denounce, pillory, lambaste
        View synonyms
      2. 1.2Seize on (something) eagerly; give sudden (typically critical) attention to.
        ‘the paper jumped on the inconsistencies of his stories’
        • ‘It is the type of case anti-euthanasia campaigners jump on as evidence of what a tolerant regime can lead to.’
        • ‘In Florida, several local newspapers have jumped on the story.’
        • ‘And why were the media so quick to jump on the story, pillory it, and then refuse to acknowledge their own participation in producing and promoting the hoax?’
        • ‘I don't really blame his critics for jumping on this - I'd probably do the same in their shoes - but the evidence of outright falsehoods is fairly limited.’
        • ‘A number of newspapers have jumped on a sentence or two in the report to try to twist it into a condemnation of the administration's policy.’
        • ‘I also remember how many times Roone was jumped on by the critics when one of his many news or sports experiments tanked.’
  • jump out

    • Have a strong visual or mental impact; be very striking.

      ‘advertising posters that really jump out at you’
      • ‘From the air, the helipad atop the roof of the Leeds General Infirmary jumps out at you, the great white cross unmissable.’
      • ‘The walls are a pale pink and now the flock wallpaper jumps out at you.’
      • ‘It could be a particular song that just speaks to you, or a verse that jumps out.’
      • ‘Far too often as I scan the list of regional death notices a name from my hometown jumps out.’
      • ‘If you look at the appendix that follows the paper, one fact immediately jumps out.’
      • ‘Still, as I'm cutting up the paper I scan the pages and occasionally a photo or header jumps out at me.’
      • ‘But these aspects of a novel are often what jumps out at me.’
      • ‘I struggle with my memories as the vaguely familiar face jumps out from the front cover of the book.’
      • ‘There is not a lot of talent jumping out at any new manager or selectors but what we do have is a lot of talented players of the same like.’
      • ‘Long after the conversation is over, this is what jumps out as the most surprising.’


Early 16th century (in the sense be moved or thrown with a sudden jerk): probably imitative of the sound of feet coming into contact with the ground.