Main definitions of job in English

: job1job2



  • 1A paid position of regular employment.

    ‘jobs are created in the private sector, not in Washington’
    ‘a part-time job’
    • ‘I quit my nine-to-five job and became a professional photographer.’
    • ‘Following the job losses announced last week, just over 400 workers would remain.’
    • ‘All the stimulation and conversations made transitioning back to work at my day job quite difficult.’
    • ‘Over the past two years 3,665 well-paid factory jobs have left Bloomington.’
    • ‘He described it as the " most plum job in the industry".’
    • ‘Landing a part-time job on campus as a peer counselor eased her money woes.’
    • ‘When they do something appreciated by the people they serve, job satisfaction soars.’
    • ‘If that were to occur surely Pearce would be granted the manager's job on a permanent basis.’
    • ‘She has an excellent, high-paying job and even owns her own house.’
    • ‘In Kabul, they usually have low-paying, menial jobs such as janitorial work.’
    • ‘More than 9,000 manufacturing jobs have been shed across East Lancashire in five years.’
    • ‘He said he wouldn't want to guide a Marine into a low-paying, dead-end job.’
    • ‘The summer job market for students improved slightly compared with last year.’
    • ‘At the same time, manufacturing jobs have been exported overseas.’
    • ‘Part of the mystery comes from the fact that the job description is changing.’
    • ‘If the jobs go overseas or pay at overseas wages, ambitious people will move to other fields.’
    • ‘The abject failure to accept that fact only makes the manager's job even harder.’
    • ‘Just four weeks after her husband's office closed the £40,000-a-year job offer was suddenly withdrawn.’
    • ‘Kay drifted through a series of dead-end jobs for six years.’
    • ‘The center's database allows job seekers to sign up and manage their accounts.’
    position of employment, position, post, situation, place, appointment, posting, placement, day job
    View synonyms
  • 2A task or piece of work, especially one that is paid.

    ‘she wants to be left alone to get on with the job’
    ‘you did a good job of explaining’
    • ‘Dye also brought in his own shapers and equipment from other jobs to piece the construction of the course together.’
    • ‘The city had promised those who worked there that they would get other jobs once that grim task ended.’
    • ‘We also have a wide range of tasks and jobs to do in lots of different locations and we won't be able to get everyone together.’
    • ‘Inputting time spent and expenses incurred on jobs, activities or tasks is quick and easy.’
    • ‘What jobs or tasks today, or in the past, do not require knowledge?’
    • ‘I wrote two pieces tonight for various jobs, but they both are thin, trembling, smelly things.’
    • ‘His job was to help piece the puzzle together and confirm the fate of the aircrew.’
    • ‘A petty thief is seen pulling off a cheap scam on a shopkeeper by a major league con-artist who recruits him for a big job.’
    • ‘The biggest job will be the replacement of the floors in the two change rooms.’
    • ‘I think everyone agrees that Warren has done a dismal job of being a Big Brother secret agent.’
    • ‘He assumed that role with Atlanta, freeing Cox from the impossible task of doing both jobs.’
    • ‘I think you did a commendable job of explaining how to get started.’
    • ‘Cox has done a smart, thorough job of explaining and contextualizing this unusual figure.’
    • ‘Based on the TV series farm jobs, tasks, rewards, and unseen pieces from the programme were explored.’
    • ‘It can be used by itself on smaller projects or to supplement big equipment on larger jobs.’
    • ‘Todd Whitelock also did a great job on the pieces for piano and cello that are on there.’
    • ‘This piece does a nice job at dismantling some of the stunts and action sequences in the film.’
    • ‘Somewhere on the long list of jobs is a task to erect a nice little shed in the back garden.’
    • ‘In other policing roles you only see bits and pieces of some jobs, you don't get to follow them all the way through to the end result.’
    • ‘Providing workers to do the dirtiest, riskiest jobs has become a big business.’
    task, piece of work, assignment, project
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1A responsibility or duty.
      ‘it's our job to find things out’
      • ‘Her sole job was to pump the bellows on the furnace to keep it hot.’
      • ‘So your job or your responsibility is to look after creation as if you look after your own family.’
      • ‘This area is in my ward and it is my job to respond to the concerns of residents and raise them with council.’
      • ‘Look, nothing makes a man's job easier than when you boldly suggest a date.’
      • ‘You are older and wiser and have guided me in the teachings of my job and duties.’
      • ‘When asked what the most difficult part of his job was, Gayle took a minute to think.’
      • ‘All are equal in the sight of God, however all have different responsibilities and jobs.’
      • ‘Every good mathematician knows that is the real job of axioms: once stated, they exist to be satisfied.’
      • ‘If the European Commission does its job and is evidence-led, then it is doing its duty.’
      • ‘It is our job and our duty to promote recycling and we are slowly getting there.’
      • ‘The council has a duty to do its job and provide adequate services for the community.’
      • ‘For years, it had been his responsibility; his lone job, apart from the outside world.’
      responsibility, duty, charge, concern, task
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2informal [in singular]A difficult task.
      ‘we thought you'd have a job getting there’
      • ‘If that's what the local conditions are like then we've got a real job on our hands.’
      • ‘Not that it matters, as they knew who it was, but they had a job trying to piece the scene together.’
      • ‘But to be truthful it is very dull at the moment and it's a real job to motivate myself to study.’
      • ‘If Sligo had lost James Kearins would have had a real job on his hands to try and rally the troops for this one.’
      difficult task, problem, trouble, struggle, strain, hard time, trial, bother
      View synonyms
    3. 2.3informal [with modifier]A procedure to improve the appearance of something, especially an operation involving plastic surgery.
      informal ‘she's had a nose job’
      ‘someone had done a skillful paint job’
      • ‘Other maintenance jobs which will greatly improve the look of your lawn can also be done in spring.’
      • ‘The church warden was able to carry out a quick repair job and the service went ahead as planned.’
      • ‘The council promised to mount a massive clean-up job and renew lighting panels at the subway on Friday.’
      • ‘Right now it's in the basement, spattered with paint, veteran of many home improvement jobs.’
      • ‘A great wax job and properly fitted skis are a tremendous help when you want good grip.’
      • ‘This is one of the most satisfying home improvement jobs you can do.’
      • ‘It's the most basic home improvement job, but also the one that delivers the most obvious results.’
      • ‘It is only a five minute job, but it improves the look of the grass immeasurably.’
      • ‘You finished your paint job but you have some paint left over.’
      • ‘My car is booked for a Warrant of Fitness tomorrow, so let's all keep our extremities crossed that it passes with no big repair jobs.’
    4. 2.4informal [with adjective or noun modifier]A thing of a specified nature.
      ‘the car was a blue malevolent-looking job’
      • ‘In Big Blogger's mind there is a camera though - why else would he be decked out in the old bow tie job?’
    5. 2.5informal A crime, especially a robbery.
      ‘a series of daring bank jobs’
      • ‘He kept reappearing in my life to offer me more criminal jobs for money to pay to return.’
      • ‘Splashy bank jobs, bombings, high profile murders - and nobody seems to be able to get a grip on it.’
      • ‘Lastly, Neo didn't do a good job of providing an interesting mix of burglary tools for the jobs.’
      • ‘You know the blockers are doing theft jobs when Holmes consistently is getting by the initial wave of defenders.’
      • ‘Caroline allowed the Guardian to tag along on one of her jobs a burglary in leafy Purley Oaks.’
      crime, felony
      View synonyms
    6. 2.6Computing An operation or group of operations treated as a single and distinct unit.
      • ‘ThinPrint offers software to sort out print jobs in internet and mobile environments.’
      • ‘The software automatically deploys a small agent program on each computer as scheduled defrag jobs begin.’
      • ‘You conceivably can use work queues for jobs other than bottom-half processing, however.’
      • ‘For example, suppose one of root's cron jobs uses Stunnel to send files to a remote rsync process.’
      • ‘In this way you are parallelizing several serial jobs by starting them all at once, each on a different CPU.’


  • 1[no object] Do casual or occasional work.

    ‘a jobbing builder’
    • ‘He was a jobbing photographer (including some years on the Listener's Auckland staff) as much as he was the laureate of Kiwiana.’
    • ‘‘I'm just a jobbing actor, really,’ he shrugs, humbly.’
    • ‘People miss out on one key thing about when Bill left music to be a jobbing farmer.’
    • ‘A jobbing musician, he not only achieved tremendous respect as a jazz artist but he worked with popular African and Caribbean bands as well.’
    • ‘I'm just a jobbing broadcaster who happens to be called Dimbleby, that's all.’
    • ‘There are the jobbing comics who do the circuit of the clubs.’
    • ‘Now, it strikes me that a jobbing wedding-reception caricaturist requires two major attributes in order to achieve success.’
    • ‘A jobbing New York model, she arrived in London in 1994, after correctly calculating her potential future as ‘a bigger fish in a smaller pond’.’
    • ‘When a jobbing actress failed to turn up, Kay's wife Susan, then a pharmacist's assistant in Boots, stepped in.’
    • ‘It has to be in language that a jobbing plumber from Paisley can understand.’
    • ‘Post-college, he became a jobbing actor within television.’
    • ‘But I didn't want to become a jobbing biographer.’
    • ‘‘I don't think my career has been that amazing because I still see myself as a jobbing actress,’ she said.’
    • ‘So we need to set up a jobbing enterprise where skilled pensioners can do repairs and small jobs reasonably quickly and well.’
    • ‘You can then find a way into becoming a jobbing director if that's what you want, but for the first couple you have to have a passion for it.’
    • ‘In 1951 he moved to Oxford and with very simple equipment set himself up as a jobbing printer - this was the start of the Fantasy Press.’
    • ‘The jobbing trade is an important and steadily growing feature of Wheeling's business life.’
    • ‘Before his fateful punch-up, Bardem had been an aspiring painter, part-time stripper and occasional jobbing actor.’
    • ‘For the next two years it's more important to me to do the writing than take on jobbing director work.’
    • ‘But double jobbing was not a major problem, he believed.’
  • 2[with object] Buy and sell (stocks) as a broker-dealer, especially on a small scale.

  • 3North American informal [with object] Cheat; betray.

    • ‘At this point, with all the hurt and pain of being jilted and jobbed by the BCS system, that's all the Miami Hurricanes can hold on to.’
    • ‘Two teams from California got totally jobbed.’
    • ‘She was as classy as they come in the face of misfortune, so was he when he got jobbed out of a second medal.’
    • ‘After getting jobbed by the BCS system and left out of the 2000 championship game, the Canes won it all in 2001 and lost in the title game in 2002.’
    • ‘Chris Andersen was jobbed by the people scoring the dunks.’
    • ‘As for Carmelo, I definitely don't feel like he was jobbed.’
  • 4archaic [no object] Turn a public office or a position of trust to private advantage.


  • do the job

    • informal Achieve the required result.

      ‘a piece of board will do the job’
      • ‘It's small, neat and does the job without any fuss.’
      • ‘‘If the dispersal order does the job, the benches won't be an issue,’ he said.’
      • ‘But, he explains, it does the job required with a manageable amount of capital and sophistication.’
      • ‘The ever-diminishing crew suddenly discover that the nukes on board just will not do the job.’
      • ‘Not only does he have the ability to do the job, he also has the integrity to do the job.’
      • ‘Remember the GAA is about clubs and if you're not listening at that level then you're not doing the job.’
      • ‘In most cases, employers want to know if you can do the job and if there is a track record of achievement, he says.’
      • ‘It did the job, but requires an extra hole being cut in your boat, plus cumbersome additional steps during fueling.’
      • ‘The right way to leave any job is to leave knowing that you did the job.’
      • ‘Not that women can't do the job, just that they tend to do other vital jobs better.’
  • do a job on someone

    • informal Do something that harms or defeats an opponent.

      ‘I go out and do a job on anyone who is giving our top scorers a hard time’
      • ‘I managed to get it out of my eyes, but despite my best attempts, I could not get a trendy spiky-look going, and had to give it up as a bad job.’
      • ‘Maddy did a few drawings to illustrate it as a present for me, but decided I had written too many peculiar things in it and gave it up as a bad job.’
      • ‘Finally, though, just as I was about to give the whole expedition up as a bad job, and head for Charing Cross, I found her.’
      • ‘When this bloodletting didn't make him better, they didn't give it up as a bad job.’
      • ‘We tried desperately to stop the water coming in but it got a few feet above the door level so we gave it up as a bad job.’
      • ‘She even toyed with the notion of racing dogs in Ireland but gave it up as a bad job when she was forced to quarantine two dogs.’
      • ‘But when we got there we gave it up as a bad job - you could not see the water's surface due to the weed.’
      • ‘It said, ‘Friendly Advice: If at first you don't succeed, better give it up as a bad job.‘’
      • ‘We gave it up as a bad job and started to search for the way on.’
      • ‘And fortunately none of us were hurt and we gave it up as a bad job, to bury the cattle.’
  • a good job

    • informal A fortunate fact or circumstance.

      ‘it was a good job she hadn't brought the car’
      • ‘So, it's a good job that I've been very busy this week and so not found much to laugh out loud at.’
      • ‘It's a good job there wasn't a passenger in the car, because that side was badly mangled.’
      • ‘If we make a good job of achieving this growth, then the company will have better foundations.’
      • ‘I guess it's a good job that I am unlikely to be put in charge of any hospitals any time soon.’
      • ‘It predates Western medicine and has made a good job of maintaining the health of a huge population.’
      • ‘So its probably a good job that this is an anonymous blog, or my boss, the Great Leader would tell me off.’
      • ‘It was a good job for the former Melrose player, who knew that it was a rare chance to impress the selectors.’
      • ‘All I can say is that it is a good job that I am not in charge of a nuclear reactor.’
  • on the job

    • While working; at work.

      • ‘Six years into its tenure, this is a government that gives the impression of learning on the job.’
      • ‘We weren't the most dedicated employees, so we did a bit of learning on the job.’
      • ‘Pixo gives their new employees a vacation in Hawaii for their first week on the job.’
      • ‘One of the requirements in the programmes is that employees wear earmuffs on the job.’
      • ‘Eichmann was adept at learning practical skills on the job, under the tutelage of seniors he respected.’
      • ‘Wong said every government employee should stay on the job and serve the public.’
      • ‘William Burke was a New York firefighter who died on the job at the World Trade Center.’
      • ‘The only way to increase the margins of auditing is to send the most junior people on the job and wrap it up quick.’
      • ‘CNN reports on a Coca Cola employee who was allegedly fired for drinking Pepsi while on the job.’
      • ‘Factories often force employees to work overtime or stay on the job for weeks without a day off.’
  • out of a job

    • Unemployed.

      • ‘The accusations were shown to be false, the case collapsed, but for the next five years Pepys was out of a job.’
      • ‘If these workers were to ask for the same working conditions as workers here they would be out of a job very quickly.’
      • ‘Sadly, government cutbacks mean dear old Eddie, who's pushing 40, is out of a job.’
      • ‘This will be the first year I'll vote and I've been out of a job for almost a year.’
      • ‘Most of the airline's assets in Uganda have been surrendered and all staff members are out of a job.’
      • ‘If the elections fail, Kostunica will soon be out of a job.’
      • ‘Not only are students deprived of the privilege of enjoying a social nightlife on campus, but many students are also out of a job.’
      • ‘She has been out of a job for more than a year and her unemployment benefits have run out.’
      • ‘Our politicians have no desire to change the status quo for they would be out of a job and all its benefits.’
      • ‘In less than a month I'll be out of a job because the season is closing.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • job something out

    • Assign separate elements of a piece of work to different companies, contractors, or workers.

      ‘all the work done by the middleman can be jobbed out at a much lower cost’


Mid 16th century ( job): of unknown origin.

Main definitions of job in English

: job1job2



[WITH OBJECT]archaic
  • 1 Prod or stab.

    ‘he prepared to job the huge brute’
    1. 1.1Thrust (something pointed) at or into something.


  • An act of prodding, thrusting, or wrenching.


Late Middle English: apparently symbolic of a brief forceful action (compare with jab).

Main definitions of job in English

: job1job2


proper noun

  • 1(in the Bible) a prosperous man whose patience and piety were tried by undeserved misfortunes, and who, in spite of his bitter lamentations, remained confident in the goodness and justice of God.

    1. 1.1A book of the Bible telling of Job.