Definition of jaundice in English:



  • 1A medical condition with yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes, arising from excess of the pigment bilirubin and typically caused by obstruction of the bile duct, by liver disease, or by excessive breakdown of red blood cells.

    • ‘Premature babies have especially immature livers, making jaundice more likely.’
    • ‘Babies with jaundice have a yellow color to the skin and eyes.’
    • ‘In prehepatic jaundice, excess unconjugated bilirubin is produced faster than the liver is able to conjugate it for excretion.’
    • ‘If untreated, jaundice can lead to infection and abscesses in the liver, which can be fatal.’
    • ‘Eight weeks after starting she developed nausea and weakness quickly followed by yellow jaundice and evidence of liver involvement.’
    1. 1.1 Bitterness, resentment, or envy.
      • ‘Already the jaundice of cynicism and the jaded bitterness of innocence lost cast their hue over my narrative.’
      • ‘Jaundice connotes bitterness or resentment. Of what is she bitter or resentful? What bitterness or resentment might she be urging upon us?’
      bitterness, indignation, irritation, pique, displeasure, dissatisfaction, disgruntlement, discontentment, discontent, resentfulness, bad feelings, hard feelings, ill feelings, acrimony, rancour, animosity, hostility, jaundice, antipathy, antagonism, enmity, hatred, hate
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Middle English jaunes, from Old French jaunice yellowness from jaune yellow The sense bitterness arose from the traditional association of the color yellow with jealousy.