One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A synthetic compound used as a bacteriostatic drug, chiefly to treat tuberculosis.
A derivative of nicotinic acid and hydrazine; chemical formula: C₅H₅NCONHNH₂
- ‘Drug susceptibility patterns to isoniazid and rifampicin by the conventional method showed complete association with E-test results.’
- ‘First, most patients treated with isoniazid were less than 35 years old.’
- ‘Even the addition of a bactericidal drug streptomycin to isoniazid only resulted in a marginal increase to 49 per cent.’
- ‘Another form of hepatitis is chemical hepatitis caused by alcohol, some anesthetics, nitrofurantoin, isoniazid, and other drugs.’
- ‘Further clinical studies are needed to determine whether the moxifloxacin adds to the bactericidal activity of isoniazid or rifampin.’
- ‘Most patients with latent tuberculosis are treated with isoniazid administered daily for nine months.’
1950s: from iso- ‘equal’ + ni(cotinic) + ( hydr)azine + -ide.
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