Definition of island in English:

island

noun

  • 1A piece of land surrounded by water.

    • ‘Cuba is an island nation located on the northern rim of the Caribbean Sea.’
    • ‘The world's smallest lizard has been discovered on a tiny Caribbean island off the coast of the Dominican Republic.’
    • ‘Soviet troops seized the islands at the end of the war.’
    • ‘Delegates from around 190 nations began the session Monday on the Indonesian resort island of Bali.’
    • ‘The first Europeans to visit these uninhabited islands thought they were bewitched.’
    • ‘A tiny speck in the Sulu Sea offers a little known island paradise.’
    • ‘The game still starts off with you escorting an inquisitive journalist to a remote tropical island.’
    • ‘The water which surrounds the island is a rich fishing ground for tuna and mackerel.’
    • ‘No one can ever be really available on our imaginary Pacific desert island mentioned earlier.’
    • ‘Together with the slightly more mountainous Antigua, they make up the island nation.’
    • ‘In Bangladesh, coastal areas and some offshore islands have been severely affected by floods as well as violent storms.’
    • ‘Today's birds descend from a generalist ancestral finch that invaded the islands from mainland Ecuador.’
    • ‘She longed to visit the island in the middle.’
    • ‘Forced transmigration programs involved moving people from the densely populated island of Java to the eastern provinces.’
    • ‘Their latest stop was on the beautiful holiday island of Phi Phi in Thailand.’
    • ‘A passenger jet crashes on a deserted Pacific island.’
    • ‘Some small uninhabited Pacific islands that have existed for centuries have disappeared.’
    • ‘A princess visits an island inhabited by two tribes.’
    • ‘The tiny uninhabited island is in the Sea of Japan halfway between the Korean Peninsula and Japan.’
    • ‘The Keys are a group of coral islands stretching 100 miles from the tip of mainland Florida.’
    isle, islet
    atoll
    key
    cay
    ait, holm
    skerry
    archipelago, chain, group
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A thing resembling an island, especially in being isolated, detached, or surrounded in some way.
      ‘the university is the last island of democracy in this country’
      • ‘For example, a head line with several islands indicates someone who is uncertain and has difficulty in communicating their ideas.’
      • ‘The designers built the seating areas in tiers to create isolated islands suited to parties of different sizes.’
      • ‘The Western system functions by allowing small islands of dissent in an overwhelming sea of conformist propaganda.’
      • ‘Like many other units, this particular park offers an island of serenity and beauty in a region struggling to define its future.’
      • ‘Amid the chaos in the island of Manhattan, it seems like most urbanites tend to isolate themselves into islands of their own.’
      • ‘Cambridge is very much an isolated island of student life outside UW.’
      • ‘One would think that France was an isolated island on a completely different planet.’
      • ‘They make the Web a web rather than a series of isolated islands.’
      • ‘Marketing, sales and service continue to work as separate entities, each with their own isolated islands of customer information.’
      • ‘In 1393, Great Turnovo - the capital of Bulgaria remained as an isolated island in the ocean of Turkish possessions.’
      • ‘But if the Tories are really serious about power they must win back seats like Cambridge, an island of Liberal Democrat yellow in a surrounding sea of East Anglian blue.’
      • ‘He said the true meaning of civilisation and globalisation meant the adoption of the local culture and to blend with the local culture and not to make an isolated island of cultures.’
      • ‘Most of the tables are outside in the garden, on separate isolated islands surrounded by flourishing plants that are apparently well taken care of.’
      • ‘The castle was an isolated island which did not need the outside world.’
    2. 1.2A freestanding kitchen cupboard unit with a countertop, allowing access from all sides.
      • ‘Ovens are built into the kitchen side of the island so they can't be seen from the rest of the room.’
      • ‘Typical appliances rested on a long line of marble counters surrounding an island in the middle of the room.’
      • ‘She flipped it open once again as she seated herself on a stool next to the island in the kitchen.’
      • ‘There was a sparkling clean kitchen, with a black island in the middle.’
      • ‘Beyond this, the kitchen is fitted with a range of wall and floor units, a centre island, recessed lighting and tiled worktops.’
  • 2Anatomy
    A detached portion of tissue or group of cells.

    Compare with islet
    • ‘It is not known how the cholesterol and fatty acids enter the cells of lipid islands.’
    • ‘They are composed of islands, large nests, or sheets of tumor cells forming ductules, which are lined by cuboidal to columnar epithelium.’
    • ‘Stromal retraction between tumor islands and dermal connective tissue was observed in 12 cases.’
    • ‘The cell islands were further demarcated from the surrounding stroma by reticulin condensation around groups of cells.’
    • ‘Two cases had occasional islands of pancreatic acini and islets of Langerhans.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]literary
  • Make into or like an island; place or enclose on or as on an island; isolate.

    ‘islanded among the new stores, these houses were valuable property’
    ‘the house where she has been islanded’
    • ‘Everyone is islanded off in their own little world.’
    • ‘Uncompromisingly long takes and silent sequences introduce us to a bizarre, islanded world.’
    • ‘Tata Power has a unique islanding system that snaps its grid off from the state's supply the moment disturbances threaten to disrupt it.’
    • ‘At one end of the table was a fowl which had been boiled for four hours; at the other, a hot pork pie, islanded in liquor.’
    • ‘It was the bigger residents of the islanded lakes that made the grade in a generally tough event.’

Origin

Old English īegland, from īeg island (from a base meaning watery, watered) + land. The change in the spelling of the first syllable in the 16th century was due to association with the unrelated word isle.

Definition of Island in English:

Island

proper noun