Definition of intake in US English:



  • 1An amount of food, air, or another substance taken into the body.

    ‘your daily intake of calories’
    ‘his alcohol intake’
    • ‘On days you exercise less or not at all, make up the difference by cutting more calories from your food intake.’
    • ‘Whatever your goal is, the best way is to record what you are eating in a food diary so you can then check your calorie intake on a daily basis.’
    • ‘She cut her food intake to 800 calories and exercised for 2 hours a day, 6 days a week.’
    • ‘Control your calorie intake to prevent excessive weight gain.’
    • ‘But a food intake in excess of energy requirements leads to obesity.’
    • ‘Participants monitor their activity and their food intake throughout the program.’
    • ‘We estimated the average daily intakes for seasonal foods by calculating the percentage of months that a food was on the market over a one year period.’
    • ‘We monitored food intake and body mass daily as part of another study.’
    • ‘Change the quality and amount of your food intake.’
    • ‘I do cut my food intake down to stupid amounts - like one meal a day.’
    • ‘Unless their food intake is strictly controlled, they can quickly become obese.’
    • ‘Women in the diet and exercise group reduced their food intake by 500 calories, essentially by avoiding fatty and sugary foods.’
    • ‘Overweight people should increase the amount of exercise and reduce the amount of food intake to help reduce weight.’
    • ‘When you diet or cut back on your food intake (cut calories) your fat cells become more resilient to giving out fat.’
    • ‘Food intake was calculated daily by subtracting the dried orts (uneaten food) from the amount of food offered every day.’
    • ‘It all adds up and the excessive food and alcohol intake takes its toll on the body.’
    • ‘Table 3 displays seasonal daily intakes of vitamin D-fortified foods and multivitamin supplements.’
    • ‘All patients were told to cut their food intake by 600 calories daily.’
    • ‘You don't need to increase your food intake for ‘age-related weight gain’ to occur.’
    • ‘The important thing is to tailor the food intake to the amount of physical activity one undertakes.’
    batch, lot, assortment, selection, collection, supply
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 An act of taking something into the body.
      ‘she heard his sharp intake of breath’
      ‘a protective factor is the intake of cereal fiber’
      • ‘‘I think there would be a sharp intake of breath from teachers if that happened,’ he said.’
      • ‘Kissing it, she heard another groan and a sharp intake of breath.’
      • ‘Carl heard her sharp intake of breath from across the room.’
      • ‘Outside he took a sharp intake of breath out of disbelief.’
      • ‘He felt her sharp intake of breath, but she didn't pull away.’
      • ‘In fact, I think you should tell your readers that it is an entirely new name, differentiated from your previous incarnation by a sharp intake of breath between words.’
      • ‘Jack woke in the middle night with a sharp intake of breath.’
      • ‘I was rewarded by a shiver and a sharp intake of breath from Dave.’
      • ‘She touched him gently there, delighting when his entire body trembled, followed by his sharp intake of breath.’
      • ‘I heard a sharp intake of breath before the words came.’
      • ‘Zeler had a sharp intake of breath, and his body shook violently, a moment later he was calm.’
      • ‘Still, he greets the news with a sharp intake of breath.’
      • ‘A sharp intake of breath all round was followed by an out-and-out gasp of horror as our eyes collectively made it past this first obstacle and on to the rest of the house.’
      • ‘I feel my insides twisting and take a sharp intake of breath.’
      • ‘The silence that had followed a sharp intake of breath from the gallery was broken by Mr Dingemans.’
      • ‘It was followed by a sharp intake of breath from some sections of the audience.’
      • ‘I actually had a sharp intake of breath by no will of my own.’
      • ‘My sigh of relief had turned into a sharp intake of breath.’
      • ‘He noticed a sharp intake of breath from the other mercenaries.’
      • ‘I distinctly recall the rest of my classmates taking a sharp intake of breath.’
  • 2A location or structure through which something is taken in, e.g., water into a channel or pipe from a river, fuel or air into an engine or machine, commodities into a place, etc.

    ‘cut rectangular holes for the air intake’
    • ‘Secondly, oil collects all the unwanted foreign matter like dirt and grime that gets sucked into the engine through the air intake.’
    • ‘Static ports need to be open and all air intakes, engine, cooling and even cabin air should be clear.’
    • ‘The storm got sand in the engine intakes and eroded the fuel relays.’
    • ‘Following the hand rails along the starboard side of the wreck we came to the ladder and davits for the gang plank before turning to cross the deck and past the numerous engine room air intakes.’
    • ‘Volvo reduces the amount of noise escaping from the engine compartment by reducing the size of air intakes.’
    • ‘During flight, the open air intakes feed air to the engines.’
    • ‘Water will be channelled via an old intake on the left bank about 150 metres upstream of Miners Bridge.’
    • ‘The main wheels are retracted into the trunks of the engine air intakes.’
    • ‘The gas is fed under electronic control to a fuel cell where it mixes with oxygen in the air intake to create electricity and water.’
    • ‘Projects include dams, spillway and diversion channels, intakes, and distribution systems.’
    • ‘A Cox electrical anti-icing system is installed in the engine air intakes.’
    • ‘Deflectors are installed on the engine air intakes to prevent ingestion of dust when taking off from unprepared pads.’
    • ‘The system contains its own fuel pump, air intake and exhaust including a small muffler, and operates independently of the engine.’
    • ‘I'd be sharing decisions with the other guy, the reptile, the functionary whose usual job was to stoke the boiler and run the air and water intakes.’
    • ‘Pipes led out to the water and the intakes were screened to prevent any solids being drawn into the pumps.’
    • ‘The BMW M6 has deeper front valance with air intakes for the engine and brakes, more contoured sills and rear valance that includes a diffuser to increase aerodynamic efficiency.’
    • ‘The section of the river used by canoeists starts 1.5 kilometres below the water intake.’
    • ‘The only signs of the burrowing molluscs are their water intake and outlet openings, just visible at the surface of a muddy seabed.’
    • ‘The air intake might be clogged, so there is fuel but not enough air.’
    • ‘The RF-84F featured engine air intakes at the wing roots plus cameras in the nose.’
    1. 2.1 The action of taking something in.
      ‘facilities for the intake of grain by road’
      • ‘The company's annual intake in all fields is directly linked to the company's five-year labour forecast, says the press release.’
      • ‘New Zealand's 150,000-bag intake is a drop in the percolator of the 104 million bags consumed globally each year.’
      • ‘Supplies have tightened in Britain over the past week and at Irish factories intake has slipped around 13,000 head per week lower than the same time last year.’
      • ‘While US meat intake is rather evenly distributed among beef, pork and poultry, in China pork totally dominates.’


Middle English (originally Scots and northern English): from in + take.