Definition of information in English:

information

noun

  • 1Facts provided or learned about something or someone.

    ‘a vital piece of information’
    • ‘The unit will provide information and advice to members of the public on their rights and entitlements.’
    • ‘Women who are Rhesus negative will receive information and counselling about the treatment.’
    • ‘Your letter provides no facts, details or information that in anyway contradict the article.’
    • ‘He had missed the midday news broadcast that had announced this vital piece of information.’
    • ‘The trial had heard that a vital piece of information was missing.’
    • ‘The information service can provide you with information and advice on all your rights and entitlements.’
    • ‘This is a national helpline that can provide sound advice and information on giving up smoking.’
    • ‘Police stressed the man was not a suspect or under arrest but hoped he could provide vital information that could lead them to the killer.’
    • ‘There are some pieces of information that I will provide here that I believe are worth reading.’
    • ‘Disputes often arise about what information was in fact provided in a given case.’
    • ‘You, sir, for what ever reason, work hard to provide solid information on a regular basis that I can use.’
    • ‘The Murray family believe one person has a vital piece of information that could lead to a breakthrough in the case.’
    • ‘Drug treatment, counselling services, and advice and information may be provided from a primary service.’
    • ‘He's always there to provide those pieces of information that are forgotten by the others.’
    • ‘The charity provides advice and information on topics such as access to benefits and services.’
    • ‘But now the regular information they received from police has ground to a halt.’
    • ‘They will also be consulted on plans for future developments and receive regular information about the hospital.’
    • ‘He said another new witness had been found who could provide vital information regarding an identification issue.’
    • ‘Yes, but I have to say it is still unusual for one person to receive three pieces of information from three separate sources.’
    • ‘Facts provide information which is free from the contamination of a subjective viewpoint.’
    details, particulars, facts, figures, statistics, data
    knowledge, intelligence
    instruction, advice, guidance, direction, counsel, enlightenment
    news, notice, word
    material, documentation, documents
    info, gen, the low-down, the dope, the inside story, the latest, bumf, deets
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Law A formal criminal charge lodged with a court or magistrate by a prosecutor without the aid of a grand jury.
      ‘the tenant may lay an information against his landlord’
      • ‘The Local Court Magistrate quashed and declared void the informations.’
      • ‘These private informations came before the Justice of the Peace for the pre-hearing required under Section 507.1 of the Criminal Code.’
      • ‘The rule developed during a period of extreme formality and technicality in the preferring of indictments and laying of informations.’
      • ‘When the justices purported to commit the appellant on these informations, they were doing something which in law they had no power to do.’
      • ‘However, the duty of the court is to hear informations which are properly before it.’
  • 2What is conveyed or represented by a particular arrangement or sequence of things.

    ‘genetically transmitted information’
    • ‘They are physically expressive and convey emotional information through touch.’
    • ‘The central characteristic of the genre is accuracy in conveying information about cities and ancient buildings.’
    • ‘The choice of axioms in a logical system can represent content specific information.’
    • ‘They convey useful information about the perceived scarcity of the resource.’
    • ‘Topic Maps are useful because they convey more information we can use.’
    • ‘In general, information about sport was conveyed by newspapers or by word-of-mouth.’
    • ‘Then the scientists measured how much information the songs could convey.’
    • ‘The forms in which information was conveyed were often not transparent or intuitive.’
    • ‘The bandwidth constraints of the internet force us to find more concise ways to represent information.’
    • ‘The practitioner, in turn, may consciously or unconsciously convey this information to the patient.’
    • ‘Nearly half are sensory which convey information to the brain; the rest are motor which transmit orders from the brain.’
    • ‘The price information was then conveyed back to Europe or other relevant locations.’
    • ‘Another official at the agency said its staff tried to convey relevant information quickly this time.’
    • ‘Money is supposed to convey information about the economic value of a product or service.’
    • ‘Even so, we may still be forced to contemplate changes in the way information is conveyed.’
    • ‘It must sit on something, it must be able to convey its information to somewhere; it must be able to be reset.’
    • ‘We need to look outside of the ‘normal channels’ used to convey security information.’
    • ‘Nine times out of ten these calls convey information that no one needs to know.’
    • ‘I love maps, especially maps that convey information about our world in a novel way.’
    • ‘He doesn't ever answer why the system's price conveys the correct global information.’
    1. 2.1Computing Data as processed, stored, or transmitted by a computer.
      • ‘All the information was stored by the digital camera when the picture was taken.’
      • ‘At that price, he reasoned, it would finally be cheaper to store information on computer than it is on paper.’
      • ‘Although the hardware is still at a very basic stage, the theory of how quantum computers process information is well advanced.’
      • ‘Codes act as tags that are placed on data about people to allow the information to be processed by the computer.’
      • ‘This takes snapshots of a system's hard disk content and stores the information in a compressed form on a server.’
      • ‘There is also provision to change the information stored on the battery-operated boards.’
      • ‘They had to programme their robot by using a computer and downloading the information into the robot via a Lego brick.’
      • ‘They have revealed fears that the information stored on blank discs is vulnerable to being lost within a decade.’
      • ‘A desktop machine built three years ago would be enough to store all the information needed.’
      • ‘Where does all of this electronic information get stored and how do children process it?’
      • ‘MPO lets processors store information locally so it is there when they need it, without those latencies.’
      • ‘Your computer accesses the information a little at a time, just ahead of what you're listening to.’
      • ‘Hibernation is when the system stores all the information it has in its memory onto the hard disk, then shuts down.’
      • ‘All the cards contain a computer chip which stores information, such as what type of meal has been purchased by the pupil.’
      • ‘Staff at the Revenue have wide access to computers, which store information on up to 60m people.’
      • ‘Bios information is stored inside a chip housed on the computer's motherboard.’
      • ‘In most computer systems, the information is carried by wires and electronic parts.’
      • ‘You can use a laptop computer to download information about the performance of the machine.’
      • ‘The client software can then be used to keep the information on the handset synchronized with the information stored on the server.’
      • ‘The computer can record how accurately information is processed and how quickly.’
    2. 2.2 (in information theory) a mathematical quantity expressing the probability of occurrence of a particular sequence of symbols, impulses, etc., as contrasted with that of alternative sequences.

Origin

Late Middle English (also in the sense formation of the mind, teaching), via Old French from Latin informatio(n-), from the verb informare (see inform).

Pronunciation

information

/ˌinfərˈmāSH(ə)n/