Definition of inflammation in English:



  • A localized physical condition in which part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot, and often painful, especially as a reaction to injury or infection.

    ‘chronic inflammation of the nasal cavities’
    • ‘It is healthy to have bacteria in our system to fight off infections and prevent inflammation.’
    • ‘Hepatitis A is an infection that leads to inflammation of the liver and is caused by the hepatitis A virus.’
    • ‘Hypoalbuminaemia may be a reflection of chronic inflammation rather than of nutrition in itself.’
    • ‘In thyroiditis, there is inflammation of the thyroid gland from either infection or autoimmune attack.’
    • ‘If your chronic sinusitis is caused by an allergy, nasal sprays can also reduce inflammation.’
    • ‘In the Caribbean, the leaves of the breadfruit are used in folk medicine to relieve pain and inflammation.’
    • ‘Antibiotics may be combined with steroids to help reduce canal skin inflammation and pain.’
    • ‘Corticosteroid drugs are used to reduce inflammation, usually as a result of an injury.’
    • ‘These work in the same way as inhaled preventers, by reducing inflammation.’
    • ‘Tennis elbow is inflammation in the area around the bony bump on the outer side of the elbow.’
    • ‘Local corticosteroids are used to reduce inflammation in patients with chronic tendinopathies.’
    • ‘Pneumonia is an infection or inflammation of the lung tissue, but can spread affecting the whole of the body.’
    • ‘Two thirds showed chronic inflammation, and one quarter showed subacute inflammation.’
    • ‘The only thing we can say for certain is that we still have a lot to learn about the relation between cancer and chronic inflammation.’
    • ‘This phenomenon could have increased the severity of periodontal inflammation.’
    • ‘The steroid cream helps to reduce the inflammation caused by the infection.’
    • ‘There is evidence that they reduce inflammation, but it is not completely understood how they work.’
    • ‘Tenderness may be localised, if due to inflammation or other disorders in the pelvis.’
    • ‘Antihistamine drugs can be used to reduce inflammation when it is caused by an allergic reaction.’
    • ‘Complications include diarrhoea, pneumonia, ear infection and inflammation of the brain.’
    swelling, puffiness
    redness, rawness, hotness, heat, burning, smarting, stinging
    soreness, pain, painfulness, tenderness, sensitivity
    infection, festering, eruption, suppuration, septicity
    View synonyms


Late Middle English: from Latin inflammatio(n-), from the verb inflammare (see inflame).