Definition of industrial in US English:



  • 1Relating to or characterized by industry.

    ‘a small industrial town’
    • ‘He was born in 1944, in the small industrial town of Soissons, France, approximately sixty miles north of Paris.’
    • ‘The latest sites contain illegally dumped material as diverse as animal waste from slaughter houses, household rubbish and potentially toxic industrial waste.’
    • ‘In Siberia, industrial waste flows into Lake Baikal.’
    • ‘They found a hefty supply of artists, as young as 16, dotted around the country, in Sofia, Plovdiv, failed industrial towns and the countryside.’
    • ‘We passed through the industrial town of Lázaro Cárdenas, where the legendary tube of Petacalco used to break, before they built a dam on the Rio Balsas.’
    • ‘It is an industrial waste product, not a medicine, more poisonous than lead and only slightly less than arsenic.’
    • ‘From 1945, the town became a model socialist town, complete with industrial zones, living quarters named Friendship III, and statues of Lenin.’
    • ‘And then, when the river was nearly sucked dry, they lined it with railroad tracks and freight yards and dumped industrial waste into its bed.’
    • ‘The Government has been arguing that it is this measure that will be the ultimate safeguard for citizens involved in peaceful protests and industrial strikes.’
    • ‘The other displays focus on the ecosystems of various water bodies by the agro-chemical waste, domestic waste, mining and stone crushing waste and industrial effluents.’
    • ‘‘White Flying’ is the phenomenon of the White population migrating from the erstwhile industrial towns to the suburbs where they get new jobs.’
    • ‘It will then just be for industrial waste and we will change the collections accordingly.’
    • ‘I've often thought that if I launched a nationwide search for a new city to live in and I had to scratch my existing favorites off the list, I'd look for an industrial town.’
    • ‘The results were obvious, in a span of two years Karuvampalayam has become ‘cooler and greener’ amidst the scorching heat in the industrial town.’
    • ‘There is talk of how Bilbao, a small industrial town on the North coast of Spain, through its Guggenheim Museum.’
    • ‘Most of them lived in Crawley, an industrial town near London's Gatwick airport, and images from the scene were of relatively middle class existences.’
    • ‘Born in 1963 in Setubal, an industrial town south of Lisbon, his earliest ambition was to be a footballer like his father.’
    • ‘A disused coal mine shaft was used for decades to dump hundreds of tons of industrial waste.’
    • ‘Among them are the industrial town of Hamilton in Lanarkshire, Paisley in Renfrewshire, and the west coast port of Oban.’
    • ‘Being an industrial town, renowned for the innumerable small-scale industries, Coimbatore is no longer a place with old gadgets and age-old systems.’
    manufacturing, factory
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Having highly developed industries.
      ‘the major industrial nations’
      • ‘Several factors can derail China from its present track of catching up with the industrial nations.’
      • ‘A developing country generally spends less of its GDP on government than an industrial nation, because it can't afford to.’
      • ‘As the New Year approaches, the UK economy managed to avoid the global recession that has whipped the rest of the major industrial nations this year.’
      • ‘The theme was the same when leaders of the G8 industrial nations met this past summer.’
      • ‘The nation's industrial heart, Ho Chi Minh City whacks the visitor like a sensorial avalanche.’
      • ‘Accordingly in 1939 only the more developed industrial nations could hope to exercise any significant degree of air power.’
      • ‘The death penalty has long isolated the United States among Western industrial nations.’
      • ‘‘All I had previously seen were TV images of a grey, industrial nation full of orphanages,’ he said.’
      • ‘In a communique issued after a summit in Canada, the G8 industrial nations said Palestinians must adopt democracy.’
      • ‘South Korea, Taiwan and now China have become substantial industrial nations.’
      • ‘Britain was the first industrial nation, and as such moved away from a rural way of life prior to the rest of the world.’
      • ‘The unemployment rate is the lowest among the Group of Seven major industrial nations.’
      • ‘In response to panicked calls from Western industrial nations, Saudi Arabia has told its OPEC partners it will increase its production by two million barrels a day.’
      • ‘After all, if the wealthiest, advanced industrial nation can commit crimes, why should the rest of the world have to abide by human rights conventions?’
      • ‘Perhaps our economy is going to shift gears and we will become an industrial nation, an exporter of raw materials, an offshore financial haven.’
      • ‘He spoke after the conclusion of the annual meeting of the Group of 20 industrial and developing nations near Beijing yesterday.’
      • ‘As we reported earlier, an official from the United Nations accused large industrial nations of being stingy with international aid.’
      • ‘But Australia's farming lobby says it fears the deal will allow some industrial nations to give only superficial access to their markets.’
      • ‘He encouraged dialogue between the wealthy industrial nations and the underdeveloped countries.’
      • ‘Today meatpacking is one of the nation's lowest-paid industrial jobs, with one of the highest turnover rates.’
      manufacturing, factory
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Designed or suitable for use in industry.
      ‘industrial heating oil’
      • ‘In practice, these industrial laws are systematically designed to increase the atomisation - and thereby reduce the power - of working people.’
      • ‘Campus also distributes heating oil and industrial fuel.’
    3. 1.3 (of a disease or injury) contracted or sustained in the course of employment, especially in a factory.
      • ‘He died earlier this year after contracting the killer industrial disease mesothelioma, which is caused by exposure to asbestos dust.’
      • ‘The judgement on three test cases is one of the most significant in the history of industrial disease.’
      • ‘These were harrowing occasions since most of those present were, almost by definition, in advanced stages of chronic industrial disease.’
      • ‘The inquest's verdict was death due to industrial disease.’
      • ‘A coroner has recorded a verdict of death from industrial disease after an ex-fireman died of lung cancer brought on by years of inhaling dust.’
      • ‘They do, however, indicate a glimmer of the potential to eradicate industrial injury and death.’
      • ‘He then submitted that the same principle should apply to sequential causes of industrial disease.’
      • ‘20,000 people die from industrial diseases every year, 4,000 of those from asbestos exposure alone.’
      • ‘They gave broad political endorsement to the new wording in the sections dealing with health care, industrial injury benefits, and death grants.’
      • ‘The death was caused by an industrial disease or related to the deceased's employment or to an accident, violence, neglect, abortion, or poisoning.’
      • ‘He also worked as a police surgeon and as a chairman on industrial injury boards.’
      • ‘But a new strain of industrial diseases is taking their place.’
      • ‘Regulations also provide for the notification of prescribed industrial diseases and accidents.’
      • ‘But equipment used to apply the experimental compounds, and to ensure there was no trapped air, caused the industrial disease vibration white finger.’
      • ‘Any sickness or industrial injury benefit paid during such period may be deducted from what the employee is entitled to under this provision.’
      • ‘Again, certain categories of fatalities are not counted, including deaths caused by industrial diseases.’
      • ‘He became a press operator and then moved into the building trade as a labourer until an industrial injury on a building site left him unable to continue.’
  • 2Very great in extent or amount.

    ‘we are seeing tax avoidance on an industrial scale’
    ‘they quaff industrial quantities of beer’
    • ‘Ferdinand's yesterday owed a huge debt to Sorensen's apparent decision to coat his gloves before the match in industrial quantities of grease.’
    • ‘While she squeezes an industrial amount of lemons, Bill fixes one of his favourite cocktails.’
    • ‘In retrospect, drinking industrial quantities of beer was maybe not the best thing to do while still convalescing.’
    • ‘He smoked cannabis on an industrial scale.’
    • ‘After the pneumonia, Sir Roger's hair fell out due to industrial amounts of antibiotics, and he had to learn to walk again.’
    • ‘He is now arguably the most consistently romantic filmmaker who refuses to take his trade to the industrial scale.’
    • ‘The entire dish is then emboldened with industrial amounts of butter.’
    • ‘Applying industrial amounts of your favourite products won't work on hangover skin.’
    • ‘Industrial quantities of eggs and bacon were fried on site.’
    • ‘I just want to be able to shut both my peepers without having to use industrial quantities of surgical tape.’
  • 3Relating to or denoting a type of harsh, uncompromising rock music incorporating sounds resembling those produced by industrial machinery.

    • ‘Lots of interesting presentations: spoken work, poetry, industrial sound collage, improvisational film scoring.’
    • ‘They incorporate industrial noise, samples and filters, shifting gears but never losing focus or edge.’
    • ‘But back in 1999, that type of industrial carnage sounded somewhat new.’
    • ‘There's more style than substance here, and you can't even call their sound industrial metal in the least.’
    • ‘Although making extensive use of industrial sounds, combined with acoustic and electric instrumentation, it was surprisingly organic and textured.’
    • ‘The sounds become electronic drones, otherworldly howls, pulverizing static, and then are melded into harsh industrial soundscapes.’
    • ‘His American tones give the albums industrial surrealism an extra dimension - without them the work as a whole would be too insular and obsessive.’
    • ‘Listening back, it was a bit of a diversion for them and the start of that industrial sound but it was not a very accomplished album to be honest.’
    • ‘It's a more industrial sound, but also with a heavy metal twist.’
    • ‘It suddenly disappears, the bass beat and industrial sounds of metal upon metal continue unabated.’
    • ‘But some of the more industrial tracks on the album do not have a compelling melody.’
    • ‘Can rock and roll gel with this, creating not a dark and angry industrial beast, but a sound that draws on the less turbulent strains of the guitar's past?’
    • ‘We started as a regular guitar band with sax, but quite quickly went for this industrial kinda sound.’


  • Shares in industrial companies.

    • ‘Whilst they are still good companies in their own right, they are nevertheless no longer diversified industrials, which might be a welcome blessing!’
    • ‘Will this stock remain on the Dow Jones industrials?’
    • ‘We believe there will be a global economic recovery, so we like cyclical sectors: basic materials and industrials.’
    • ‘Dow industrials up now 37 points and Nasdaq up a couple points.’
    • ‘On the industrial side, the highest-performing companies are the diversified industrials.’
    • ‘He is adjusting his portfolio away from consumer stocks and financials and into general industrials.’
    • ‘The average closed at 62.76, the first time it is published on a regular basis, and includes 14 stocks - 12 railroads and two industrials.’
    • ‘By week's end, the Dow Jones industrials had dropped 14.3%, or 1,369 points in a week - more than half again as much as the previous record.’
    • ‘From computer-chip companies to Old Economy industrials, the column has lots to say about who is in the market for whom.’
    • ‘You have the worst month for the Dow industrials, perhaps in two years.’
    • ‘Even with the Nasdaq off 9%, its stock price has soared 60% this year, to 70, outperforming the rest of the Dow Jones industrials.’
    • ‘Tech is sexy, but industrials have been doing, very, very well.’
    • ‘In between, the industrials closed as high as about 1,052 and as low as roughly 578.’
    • ‘Over the short term at least, retail looks attractive relative to offices and industrials.’
    • ‘The Dow Jones industrials fell 87 points, the Nasdaq dropped 19.’
    • ‘It wasn't until May 26, 1896, that Dow split transportation and industrials into two different averages, creating what we know now as the Dow Jones Industrial Average.’
    • ‘Dow industrials up by 21 points, 10,822, while the Nasdaq composite index is adding a quarter of one percent.’
    • ‘‘Returns for industrials eased back steadily over the course of the year, but showed some positive improvement from November,’ the report says.’
    • ‘Dow industrials are up 27 points, Nasdaq almost half a percent higher.’
    • ‘There's no question that as a group, the Dow industrials have not been this year's stellar performers.’


Late 15th century: from industry + -al; in later use influenced by French industriel.