Definition of industrial in US English:



  • 1Relating to or characterized by industry.

    ‘a small industrial town’
    • ‘And then, when the river was nearly sucked dry, they lined it with railroad tracks and freight yards and dumped industrial waste into its bed.’
    • ‘Among them are the industrial town of Hamilton in Lanarkshire, Paisley in Renfrewshire, and the west coast port of Oban.’
    • ‘In Siberia, industrial waste flows into Lake Baikal.’
    • ‘Being an industrial town, renowned for the innumerable small-scale industries, Coimbatore is no longer a place with old gadgets and age-old systems.’
    • ‘We passed through the industrial town of Lázaro Cárdenas, where the legendary tube of Petacalco used to break, before they built a dam on the Rio Balsas.’
    • ‘I've often thought that if I launched a nationwide search for a new city to live in and I had to scratch my existing favorites off the list, I'd look for an industrial town.’
    • ‘From 1945, the town became a model socialist town, complete with industrial zones, living quarters named Friendship III, and statues of Lenin.’
    • ‘Most of them lived in Crawley, an industrial town near London's Gatwick airport, and images from the scene were of relatively middle class existences.’
    • ‘The Government has been arguing that it is this measure that will be the ultimate safeguard for citizens involved in peaceful protests and industrial strikes.’
    • ‘The results were obvious, in a span of two years Karuvampalayam has become ‘cooler and greener’ amidst the scorching heat in the industrial town.’
    • ‘Born in 1963 in Setubal, an industrial town south of Lisbon, his earliest ambition was to be a footballer like his father.’
    • ‘The other displays focus on the ecosystems of various water bodies by the agro-chemical waste, domestic waste, mining and stone crushing waste and industrial effluents.’
    • ‘‘White Flying’ is the phenomenon of the White population migrating from the erstwhile industrial towns to the suburbs where they get new jobs.’
    • ‘A disused coal mine shaft was used for decades to dump hundreds of tons of industrial waste.’
    • ‘It is an industrial waste product, not a medicine, more poisonous than lead and only slightly less than arsenic.’
    • ‘There is talk of how Bilbao, a small industrial town on the North coast of Spain, through its Guggenheim Museum.’
    • ‘They found a hefty supply of artists, as young as 16, dotted around the country, in Sofia, Plovdiv, failed industrial towns and the countryside.’
    • ‘He was born in 1944, in the small industrial town of Soissons, France, approximately sixty miles north of Paris.’
    • ‘It will then just be for industrial waste and we will change the collections accordingly.’
    • ‘The latest sites contain illegally dumped material as diverse as animal waste from slaughter houses, household rubbish and potentially toxic industrial waste.’
    manufacturing, factory
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Having highly developed industries.
      ‘the major industrial nations’
      • ‘In response to panicked calls from Western industrial nations, Saudi Arabia has told its OPEC partners it will increase its production by two million barrels a day.’
      • ‘Several factors can derail China from its present track of catching up with the industrial nations.’
      • ‘He spoke after the conclusion of the annual meeting of the Group of 20 industrial and developing nations near Beijing yesterday.’
      • ‘The unemployment rate is the lowest among the Group of Seven major industrial nations.’
      • ‘But Australia's farming lobby says it fears the deal will allow some industrial nations to give only superficial access to their markets.’
      • ‘Perhaps our economy is going to shift gears and we will become an industrial nation, an exporter of raw materials, an offshore financial haven.’
      • ‘The theme was the same when leaders of the G8 industrial nations met this past summer.’
      • ‘‘All I had previously seen were TV images of a grey, industrial nation full of orphanages,’ he said.’
      • ‘In a communique issued after a summit in Canada, the G8 industrial nations said Palestinians must adopt democracy.’
      • ‘Britain was the first industrial nation, and as such moved away from a rural way of life prior to the rest of the world.’
      • ‘The nation's industrial heart, Ho Chi Minh City whacks the visitor like a sensorial avalanche.’
      • ‘Today meatpacking is one of the nation's lowest-paid industrial jobs, with one of the highest turnover rates.’
      • ‘As the New Year approaches, the UK economy managed to avoid the global recession that has whipped the rest of the major industrial nations this year.’
      • ‘As we reported earlier, an official from the United Nations accused large industrial nations of being stingy with international aid.’
      • ‘Accordingly in 1939 only the more developed industrial nations could hope to exercise any significant degree of air power.’
      • ‘He encouraged dialogue between the wealthy industrial nations and the underdeveloped countries.’
      • ‘South Korea, Taiwan and now China have become substantial industrial nations.’
      • ‘A developing country generally spends less of its GDP on government than an industrial nation, because it can't afford to.’
      • ‘After all, if the wealthiest, advanced industrial nation can commit crimes, why should the rest of the world have to abide by human rights conventions?’
      • ‘The death penalty has long isolated the United States among Western industrial nations.’
      manufacturing, factory
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Designed or suitable for use in industry.
      ‘industrial heating oil’
      • ‘Campus also distributes heating oil and industrial fuel.’
      • ‘In practice, these industrial laws are systematically designed to increase the atomisation - and thereby reduce the power - of working people.’
    3. 1.3 (of a disease or injury) contracted or sustained in the course of employment, especially in a factory.
      • ‘But a new strain of industrial diseases is taking their place.’
      • ‘The inquest's verdict was death due to industrial disease.’
      • ‘20,000 people die from industrial diseases every year, 4,000 of those from asbestos exposure alone.’
      • ‘A coroner has recorded a verdict of death from industrial disease after an ex-fireman died of lung cancer brought on by years of inhaling dust.’
      • ‘They gave broad political endorsement to the new wording in the sections dealing with health care, industrial injury benefits, and death grants.’
      • ‘He also worked as a police surgeon and as a chairman on industrial injury boards.’
      • ‘But equipment used to apply the experimental compounds, and to ensure there was no trapped air, caused the industrial disease vibration white finger.’
      • ‘Regulations also provide for the notification of prescribed industrial diseases and accidents.’
      • ‘The death was caused by an industrial disease or related to the deceased's employment or to an accident, violence, neglect, abortion, or poisoning.’
      • ‘They do, however, indicate a glimmer of the potential to eradicate industrial injury and death.’
      • ‘The judgement on three test cases is one of the most significant in the history of industrial disease.’
      • ‘He then submitted that the same principle should apply to sequential causes of industrial disease.’
      • ‘He became a press operator and then moved into the building trade as a labourer until an industrial injury on a building site left him unable to continue.’
      • ‘Again, certain categories of fatalities are not counted, including deaths caused by industrial diseases.’
      • ‘He died earlier this year after contracting the killer industrial disease mesothelioma, which is caused by exposure to asbestos dust.’
      • ‘These were harrowing occasions since most of those present were, almost by definition, in advanced stages of chronic industrial disease.’
      • ‘Any sickness or industrial injury benefit paid during such period may be deducted from what the employee is entitled to under this provision.’
  • 2Very great in extent or amount.

    ‘we are seeing tax avoidance on an industrial scale’
    ‘they quaff industrial quantities of beer’
    • ‘I just want to be able to shut both my peepers without having to use industrial quantities of surgical tape.’
    • ‘Ferdinand's yesterday owed a huge debt to Sorensen's apparent decision to coat his gloves before the match in industrial quantities of grease.’
    • ‘He smoked cannabis on an industrial scale.’
    • ‘Industrial quantities of eggs and bacon were fried on site.’
    • ‘The entire dish is then emboldened with industrial amounts of butter.’
    • ‘After the pneumonia, Sir Roger's hair fell out due to industrial amounts of antibiotics, and he had to learn to walk again.’
    • ‘While she squeezes an industrial amount of lemons, Bill fixes one of his favourite cocktails.’
    • ‘Applying industrial amounts of your favourite products won't work on hangover skin.’
    • ‘In retrospect, drinking industrial quantities of beer was maybe not the best thing to do while still convalescing.’
    • ‘He is now arguably the most consistently romantic filmmaker who refuses to take his trade to the industrial scale.’
  • 3Relating to or denoting a type of harsh, uncompromising rock music incorporating sounds resembling those produced by industrial machinery.

    • ‘They incorporate industrial noise, samples and filters, shifting gears but never losing focus or edge.’
    • ‘It's a more industrial sound, but also with a heavy metal twist.’
    • ‘Although making extensive use of industrial sounds, combined with acoustic and electric instrumentation, it was surprisingly organic and textured.’
    • ‘But back in 1999, that type of industrial carnage sounded somewhat new.’
    • ‘It suddenly disappears, the bass beat and industrial sounds of metal upon metal continue unabated.’
    • ‘Can rock and roll gel with this, creating not a dark and angry industrial beast, but a sound that draws on the less turbulent strains of the guitar's past?’
    • ‘Lots of interesting presentations: spoken work, poetry, industrial sound collage, improvisational film scoring.’
    • ‘But some of the more industrial tracks on the album do not have a compelling melody.’
    • ‘There's more style than substance here, and you can't even call their sound industrial metal in the least.’
    • ‘Listening back, it was a bit of a diversion for them and the start of that industrial sound but it was not a very accomplished album to be honest.’
    • ‘The sounds become electronic drones, otherworldly howls, pulverizing static, and then are melded into harsh industrial soundscapes.’
    • ‘We started as a regular guitar band with sax, but quite quickly went for this industrial kinda sound.’
    • ‘His American tones give the albums industrial surrealism an extra dimension - without them the work as a whole would be too insular and obsessive.’


  • Shares in industrial companies.

    • ‘Dow industrials up by 21 points, 10,822, while the Nasdaq composite index is adding a quarter of one percent.’
    • ‘The average closed at 62.76, the first time it is published on a regular basis, and includes 14 stocks - 12 railroads and two industrials.’
    • ‘Dow industrials up now 37 points and Nasdaq up a couple points.’
    • ‘In between, the industrials closed as high as about 1,052 and as low as roughly 578.’
    • ‘‘Returns for industrials eased back steadily over the course of the year, but showed some positive improvement from November,’ the report says.’
    • ‘From computer-chip companies to Old Economy industrials, the column has lots to say about who is in the market for whom.’
    • ‘Over the short term at least, retail looks attractive relative to offices and industrials.’
    • ‘Even with the Nasdaq off 9%, its stock price has soared 60% this year, to 70, outperforming the rest of the Dow Jones industrials.’
    • ‘We believe there will be a global economic recovery, so we like cyclical sectors: basic materials and industrials.’
    • ‘On the industrial side, the highest-performing companies are the diversified industrials.’
    • ‘He is adjusting his portfolio away from consumer stocks and financials and into general industrials.’
    • ‘There's no question that as a group, the Dow industrials have not been this year's stellar performers.’
    • ‘Dow industrials are up 27 points, Nasdaq almost half a percent higher.’
    • ‘It wasn't until May 26, 1896, that Dow split transportation and industrials into two different averages, creating what we know now as the Dow Jones Industrial Average.’
    • ‘Will this stock remain on the Dow Jones industrials?’
    • ‘The Dow Jones industrials fell 87 points, the Nasdaq dropped 19.’
    • ‘Tech is sexy, but industrials have been doing, very, very well.’
    • ‘By week's end, the Dow Jones industrials had dropped 14.3%, or 1,369 points in a week - more than half again as much as the previous record.’
    • ‘Whilst they are still good companies in their own right, they are nevertheless no longer diversified industrials, which might be a welcome blessing!’
    • ‘You have the worst month for the Dow industrials, perhaps in two years.’


Late 15th century: from industry + -al; in later use influenced by French industriel.