Definition of Indo-Iranian in English:



  • Relating to or denoting a subfamily of Indo-European languages spoken in northern India and Iran.

    • ‘Modern Persian, a part of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages, is a language of great antiquity.’
    • ‘But meanwhile, not a single other Indo-Iranian language - western or eastern - is as naked as Persian.’
    • ‘The Ossetes speak an Indo-Iranian language, and are thought to descend from Sarmatian nomads.’
    • ‘Part of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, Bengali is derived from Sanskrit, as are Hindi and Urdu.’
    • ‘The Baluchi language is an Indo-Iranian language of the Indo-European family.’
    • ‘Its coastal parts were inhabited by the Greeks and the central parts were inhabited by various tribes of Indo-Iranian origin.’


  • The Indo-Iranian subfamily of languages, divided into the Indic group and the Iranian group.

    Also called aryan
    • ‘Repeating the exercise, we analyze the related languages - Latin, Celtic, Greek, Baltic, Slavic, Albanian, Armenian, Anatolian, Hittite, Indo-Iranian, and Tocharian.’
    • ‘The term is applied to a large group of cognate languages, including the majority of European language groups as well as Indo-Iranian (Persian and Hindi) and Sanskrit.’