Definition of indirectly in US English:

indirectly

adverb

  • 1In a way that is not directly caused by something; incidentally.

    ‘the losses indirectly affect us all’
    • ‘But the politics of Israel concerns me only indirectly.’
    • ‘Even when the results are unintelligible, the method can indirectly generate fresh thoughts and sometimes laughter.’
    • ‘Several years later, that initiative led to the Soviet pullout from Afghanistan and, indirectly, the Vietnamese withdrawal from Cambodia.’
    • ‘Yet on a remote Pacific atoll they've been indirectly responsible for safeguarding a thriving coral reef ecosystem.’
    • ‘It may not be apparent, but there isn't one single human being who does not, however indirectly, make a lasting imprint on society.’
    • ‘But indirectly the Ethiopian conquest had prepared a revolution.’
    • ‘He or she must not undermine the primacy of democratic law-making by the organs of government directly or indirectly accountable to the people.’
    • ‘The benefit locally has not only come through the employment provided directly by the farm, but also indirectly through other services.’
    • ‘Conversely, selective foraging by herbivores alters plant community composition, which indirectly decreases nitrogen cycling.’
    • ‘This strategy may, even if indirectly, disfavor the establishment of new, perhaps smaller and specialized private institutions.’
    • ‘Furthermore, the greater the incidence of substance abuse, the greater the supply of beggars, indirectly increasing the demand for regulation.’
    • ‘In works of fiction, devices often serve their functions indirectly, through the mediation of the fictional world.’
    • ‘A vaccine is supposed to "create" antibodies which, indirectly, offer protection against disease.’
    • ‘And the nomination of an exemplar indirectly reflects whether one's subculture values literary, scientific, political, or business acumen.’
    • ‘These traditional descriptions did not immediately further the ends of horticulture, but indirectly they exercised an important influence, because of their illustrations.’
    incidentally, accidentally, secondarily, concomitantly, contingently, consequentially
    second-hand, at second hand, in a roundabout way, from others
    obliquely, by implication, by hinting, allusively
    View synonyms
  • 2Without having had direct experience; at second hand.

    ‘I heard of the damage indirectly’
    • ‘The top and bottom items in the process are outside of the control of the project team and can only be observed, influenced, and documented indirectly.’
    • ‘But then, we can detect pterodactyls and quarks only indirectly too.’
    • ‘It puts her in danger, I fear, of having to hear students express the very sentiments that she now perceives only indirectly, through looks, through veiled comments, through strained interactions.’
    • ‘Access to the religious imagination of modern man might be possible only indirectly, through the changing forms of language and also of art and music.’
  • 3Through implication; obliquely.

    ‘both writers refer, if only indirectly, to a wealth of other art’
    • ‘She talked, as preachers sometimes do, indirectly about herself.’
    • ‘He leads a melancholy life, constantly quoting Proust either directly or indirectly.’
    • ‘He spoke to them in parables, which in this case means that He spoke to them using metaphors that made His point indirectly.’
    • ‘The Cuban Revolution, Castro and the excitement of the 1960s appear in the book indirectly.’
    • ‘Libyan commentators extolled the disclosure, and indirectly the Libyan leader, although it was not a prominent news story.’
    • ‘The Secretary of State, whose job it is to protect our sovereignty, today brought my name into a conversation indirectly criticizing me for defending our sovereignty.’
    • ‘We chose not to include articles that focus on another content area, such as jealousy, while indirectly addressing infidelity.’
    • ‘We've also been criticized, if indirectly, by the author, who worries because our ultimate goals - free market as against socialism - differ.’

Pronunciation

indirectly

/ˌindəˈrektlē//ˌɪndəˈrɛktli/