Definition of indemnify in English:



  • 1 Compensate (someone) for harm or loss.

    ‘the amount of insurance that may be carried to indemnify the owner in the event of a loss’
    • ‘However, if it is found that VAT is properly due then you will indemnify us for all losses we suffer arising from not having accounted for such VAT, including interest and any civil penalties properly due.’
    • ‘Where an employee's negligence leads to the employer's vicarious liability then at common law the employer is entitled to be indemnified for the loss attributable to the employee's breach of contract.’
    • ‘He said he was told at the garage that if he took out an Angel policy then if the repair hire and engineers fees were not recovered from the other driver Angel would indemnify him for his losses.’
    • ‘Further, Mrs. Boileau shall indemnify him, if he is ever called on to pay any amount referable to the mortgage on the matrimonial home.’
    • ‘He has to pay the fees of the court, that is money paid out of pocket; but for loss of time the law will not indemnify him.’
    reimburse, compensate, recompense, repay, pay back, remunerate, recoup, requite, make amends to, make restitution to
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    1. 1.1Secure (someone) against legal responsibility for their actions.
      ‘the newspaper could not be forced to indemnify the city for personal-injury liability’
      • ‘Well, I understood an argument to be put against you broadly to the effect that this clause is intended to indemnify against liability to third parties who would not relevantly include the driver.’
      • ‘In public liability insurance, the insurer agrees to indemnify the insured for legal liability owed to another person who suffers loss or damage by reason of the insured's activities.’
      • ‘Shell does not foresee any need to issue a force majeure, a legal document which indemnifies the company if it fails to deliver on contracted sales due to events outside its control, he added.’
      • ‘In such cases, the C-corporation seller should be prepared to sign legal documents that will indemnify the buyer against a range of liabilities.’
      • ‘At common law the circumstance that a defendant is contractually indemnified by a third party against a particular legal liability can have no relevance whatever to the measure of that liability..’
      insure, assure, guarantee, protect, secure, make secure, give security to, warrant
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Early 17th century: from Latin indemnis unhurt, free from loss or damage from in- (expressing negation) + damnum loss, damage.