Definition of include in US English:

include

verb

[with object]
  • 1Comprise or contain as part of a whole.

    ‘the price includes dinner, bed, and breakfast’
    ‘other changes included the abolition of the death penalty’
    • ‘These prices are per room per night and include dinner and breakfast for two people.’
    • ‘Price also includes breakfast, afternoon tea and a combination of four evening meals and two lunches.’
    • ‘This price includes hotel accommodation and flights direct from Glasgow to Hong Kong, via Dubai.’
    • ‘Food, drinks and a cabaret, usually involving belly dancers, are included in the price.’
    • ‘All seemed to be reasonably priced and included tea or coffee.’
    • ‘The top price includes a table-side seat and meeting the players during the refreshment interval.’
    • ‘Food is included in the entry price so it's a bit of a bargain.’
    • ‘The fries were quite good, and they are included in the price of the dinner.’
    • ‘With dinner and breakfast included, this price actually works out cheaper than having to eat out twice a day.’
    • ‘The few articles of furniture included a narrow bed, a chair, and a desk in one corner.’
    • ‘Price includes a four course lunch, a ticket for the match and a match programme.’
    • ‘The price also includes a private driver and a local guide at sites of interest.’
    • ‘The article also includes a section on use of cadavers in other research.’
    • ‘The admission price includes free entry to the door prize, which will be raffled that day.’
    • ‘I note with satisfaction that I am not asked to pay airport tax - it seems to be included in the tour price.’
    • ‘The price also includes return coach travel, return Channel crossings and a visit to Bruges.’
    • ‘The party includes a full Christmas dinner with all the trimmings, drinks and music.’
    • ‘On our honeymoon Shara was only allowed breakfast and dinner because lunch was not included in the price.’
    • ‘All this was included in the holiday price, so that was great.’
    • ‘It includes articles researched and presented with the vigour of the good scholar.’
    incorporate, comprise, encompass, cover, embrace, involve, take in, number, contain
    View synonyms
  • 2Make part of a whole or set.

    ‘we have included some hints for beginners in this section’
    • ‘My friend Lawrence's pictures of Ivan were almost included in The Guardian article, but were pulled at the last minute.’
    • ‘The Prime Minister hinted yesterday that legislation on airguns may be included in the Queen's Speech.’
    • ‘The Supreme Court filings included only a hint of the nastiness and sleaze from the family fight.’
    • ‘I am under a closed and private adoption agreement, with a hint of black market included.’
    • ‘The FBI's documents included no hint as to how someone mistakenly put on can get himself removed.’
    add, insert, put in, append, enter, build in
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    1. 2.1 Allow (someone) to share in an activity or privilege.
      ‘there were doubts as to whether she was included in the invitation’
      • ‘There might be a cousin visiting and you have to decide whether you include him in the sample.’
      • ‘All these insecurities and reactions I had - rational or not - would not have happened if he had have included me in his fantasy.’
      • ‘He has a group of MPs around him but it is a small one and it doesn't include anyone particularly senior.’
      • ‘Miss Howie said it was eight months before some officers would include her when they made cups of tea.’
      • ‘Later he ticked me off for not including him in on emails to the client.’
      • ‘Part of that context is the community that we come from, and this community includes you.’
      • ‘He will be in the squad and the likelihood is we will include him on the bench.’
      • ‘I was really touched that he included me on this list.’
      • ‘Her neighbours, who were mostly her own relatives, were not obstructive to her but never included her in their circle.’
      • ‘I worry that she may be including me in more of her life than is healthy for someone who is just a friend.’
      • ‘The dispatcher told me that mandatory evacuations were being ordered for a certain area and we were not included.’
      • ‘He is included by name regardless of whether or not he has children.’
      • ‘I also seem to recall that Clarke said this encounter included him and other unnamed persons.’
      • ‘In fact, in my college years, they switched tactics and included me in vacations to Vegas and Nashville.’
      • ‘Sonia reportedly informed him that the appointment included him, too.’
      • ‘It's so wonderful that you included me in your quest to inform!’
      • ‘He was running around saying to people, look, the system is corrupt, you're not included.’
      • ‘More often, though, I hear plans being made around me and I'm not included.’
      • ‘Don't you have to have some kind of threshold before you're included in a nationally televised debate?’
      • ‘They talked the whole time at dinner and never once included Haylee in their discussions.’
      allow for, count, take into account, take into consideration
      View synonyms

Usage

Include has a broader meaning than comprise. In the sentence the accommodations comprise two bedrooms, bathroom, kitchen, and living room, the word comprise implies that there are no accommodations other than those listed. Include can be used in this way too, but it is also used in a nonrestrictive way, implying that there may be other things not specifically mentioned that are part of the same category, as in the price includes a special welcome pack. Careful writers will avoid superfluous uses of ‘including . . . and more,’ commonly imitated from advertising. The ‘and more’ is superfluous because including or includes implies that there is more than what is listed

Origin

Late Middle English (also in the sense ‘shut in’): from Latin includere, from in- ‘into’ + claudere ‘to shut’.

Pronunciation

include

/inˈklo͞od//ɪnˈklud/