Definition of include in US English:

include

verb

[with object]
  • 1Comprise or contain as part of a whole.

    ‘the price includes dinner, bed, and breakfast’
    ‘other changes included the abolition of the death penalty’
    • ‘All this was included in the holiday price, so that was great.’
    • ‘The admission price includes free entry to the door prize, which will be raffled that day.’
    • ‘The price also includes a private driver and a local guide at sites of interest.’
    • ‘Food, drinks and a cabaret, usually involving belly dancers, are included in the price.’
    • ‘This price includes hotel accommodation and flights direct from Glasgow to Hong Kong, via Dubai.’
    • ‘The few articles of furniture included a narrow bed, a chair, and a desk in one corner.’
    • ‘The top price includes a table-side seat and meeting the players during the refreshment interval.’
    • ‘All seemed to be reasonably priced and included tea or coffee.’
    • ‘Price also includes breakfast, afternoon tea and a combination of four evening meals and two lunches.’
    • ‘These prices are per room per night and include dinner and breakfast for two people.’
    • ‘Food is included in the entry price so it's a bit of a bargain.’
    • ‘It includes articles researched and presented with the vigour of the good scholar.’
    • ‘The price also includes return coach travel, return Channel crossings and a visit to Bruges.’
    • ‘With dinner and breakfast included, this price actually works out cheaper than having to eat out twice a day.’
    • ‘The fries were quite good, and they are included in the price of the dinner.’
    • ‘The article also includes a section on use of cadavers in other research.’
    • ‘The party includes a full Christmas dinner with all the trimmings, drinks and music.’
    • ‘I note with satisfaction that I am not asked to pay airport tax - it seems to be included in the tour price.’
    • ‘On our honeymoon Shara was only allowed breakfast and dinner because lunch was not included in the price.’
    • ‘Price includes a four course lunch, a ticket for the match and a match programme.’
    incorporate, comprise, encompass, cover, embrace, involve, take in, number, contain
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  • 2Make part of a whole or set.

    ‘we have included some hints for beginners in this section’
    • ‘I am under a closed and private adoption agreement, with a hint of black market included.’
    • ‘The Prime Minister hinted yesterday that legislation on airguns may be included in the Queen's Speech.’
    • ‘The FBI's documents included no hint as to how someone mistakenly put on can get himself removed.’
    • ‘The Supreme Court filings included only a hint of the nastiness and sleaze from the family fight.’
    • ‘My friend Lawrence's pictures of Ivan were almost included in The Guardian article, but were pulled at the last minute.’
    add, insert, put in, append, enter, build in
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    1. 2.1 Allow (someone) to share in an activity or privilege.
      ‘there were doubts as to whether she was included in the invitation’
      • ‘I worry that she may be including me in more of her life than is healthy for someone who is just a friend.’
      • ‘Part of that context is the community that we come from, and this community includes you.’
      • ‘I also seem to recall that Clarke said this encounter included him and other unnamed persons.’
      • ‘Later he ticked me off for not including him in on emails to the client.’
      • ‘Miss Howie said it was eight months before some officers would include her when they made cups of tea.’
      • ‘He will be in the squad and the likelihood is we will include him on the bench.’
      • ‘They talked the whole time at dinner and never once included Haylee in their discussions.’
      • ‘Don't you have to have some kind of threshold before you're included in a nationally televised debate?’
      • ‘I was really touched that he included me on this list.’
      • ‘All these insecurities and reactions I had - rational or not - would not have happened if he had have included me in his fantasy.’
      • ‘More often, though, I hear plans being made around me and I'm not included.’
      • ‘In fact, in my college years, they switched tactics and included me in vacations to Vegas and Nashville.’
      • ‘It's so wonderful that you included me in your quest to inform!’
      • ‘The dispatcher told me that mandatory evacuations were being ordered for a certain area and we were not included.’
      • ‘He has a group of MPs around him but it is a small one and it doesn't include anyone particularly senior.’
      • ‘He was running around saying to people, look, the system is corrupt, you're not included.’
      • ‘He is included by name regardless of whether or not he has children.’
      • ‘Her neighbours, who were mostly her own relatives, were not obstructive to her but never included her in their circle.’
      • ‘There might be a cousin visiting and you have to decide whether you include him in the sample.’
      • ‘Sonia reportedly informed him that the appointment included him, too.’
      allow for, count, take into account, take into consideration
      View synonyms

Usage

Include has a broader meaning than comprise. In the sentence the accommodations comprise two bedrooms, bathroom, kitchen, and living room, the word comprise implies that there are no accommodations other than those listed. Include can be used in this way too, but it is also used in a nonrestrictive way, implying that there may be other things not specifically mentioned that are part of the same category, as in the price includes a special welcome pack. Careful writers will avoid superfluous uses of ‘including . . . and more,’ commonly imitated from advertising. The ‘and more’ is superfluous because including or includes implies that there is more than what is listed

Origin

Late Middle English (also in the sense ‘shut in’): from Latin includere, from in- ‘into’ + claudere ‘to shut’.

Pronunciation

include

/inˈklo͞od//ɪnˈklud/