Definition of incision in English:



  • 1A surgical cut made in skin or flesh.

    ‘an abdominal incision’
    • ‘Any time a child has a surgical procedure, the surgical incision can introduce bacteria into the bloodstream.’
    • ‘Two surgical incisions are used in carotid artery endarterectomies.’
    • ‘Advantages of cryosurgery are that it is quick, is cost-effective, does not involve a surgical incision, and requires minimal equipment.’
    • ‘Now mediastinoscopy involves the use of a rigid bronchoscope and a surgical incision made in the suprasternal notch.’
    • ‘The surgical incision was evaluated for serous exudate, erythema, purulent exudate, and separation of deep tissues.’
    • ‘If your operation involves making an incision (surgical cut) on your head or pubic area, you may need to have the hair shaved from the area for hygiene and safety reasons.’
    • ‘Subsequent surgical incisions in shaved skin, therefore, may become infected more easily than in untreated skin.’
    • ‘These will ideally include a means to localize the abnormal glands preoperatively as well as to determine if the resection is complete prior to closure of the surgical incision.’
    • ‘The surgeon placed two drains in the surgical incision, closed the wound, and applied a sterile wound dressing.’
    • ‘An effort also should be made by the surgeon to avoid placing a surgical incision through a pre-existing wound.’
    • ‘All surgical incisions were closed before testing.’
    • ‘The cut wall of the bowel heals to the edges of the surgical incision, which is thus kept open.’
    • ‘The types of skin incisions made for tracheostomy may or may not have a direct relationship to the likely development of stomal stenosis after intubation.’
    • ‘Most traditional biopsy procedures involve an incision in the skin.’
    • ‘Skin incisions were closed primarily with 3/0 atraumatic silk sutures.’
    • ‘The surgeon makes the skin incision and places a self-retaining retractor to open the surgical wound.’
    • ‘Greater sensitivity to pain is not always useful when doctors can use casts and other devices to fix bones in place, and sutures to repair injuries and close surgical incisions.’
    • ‘Immediately after the surgical incision was made, she began decompensating and, within minutes, went into full cardiopulmonary arrest.’
    • ‘Vertical incisions provide improved surgical access and may be less prone to infection.’
    • ‘Uncontrolled postoperative pain can affect a person's life long alter the surgical incision is healed.’
    cut, opening, slit
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A mark or decoration cut into a surface.
      ‘a block of marble delicately decorated with incisions’
      • ‘Here sweeping, razor-thin incisions slash through medium without ever cutting through to canvas.’
      • ‘Characteristically he used broadly contoured forms and polished his surfaces to immaculate smoothness, unbroken by projections or incisions.’
      • ‘Another protuberance outlined with two vertical incisions serves as a nose, and a horizontal slash suggests a mouth.’
      • ‘Contrary, to normal practice, the decoration was added after the panel was painted; the incisions cut into the paint layer where they overlap the parapet to the right of the saint.’
      • ‘This creature is to be found in his work either in sculptural form or as a surface incision.’
      • ‘Two rows of sharply delineated feathers are finely executed in low relief with deep, precise incisions marking the details.’
      • ‘The Arvennese Princess walked confidently towards a cove of black stone, all of it covered in the most delicate incisions imaginable.’
      notch, nick, snick, scratch, scarification
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 The action or process of cutting into something.
      ‘the method is associated with less blood loss during incision’
      • ‘The canyons attain depths of 700 m and widths of 15 km, with incision extending from near the top of the Munyarai Formation to the level of the Meramangye Formation.’
      • ‘This period is also characterized by the deepest fluvial incision, which is interpreted as a response to a major relative sea-level lowering.’
      • ‘Stalactites and stalagmites can also be used to provide constraints on rates of landscape evolution by dating valley incision or tectonic uplift.’
      • ‘More recently, Maddy et al. suggested that aggradation and incision in river valleys can be explained by climate-induced changes in sediment and water supply.’
      • ‘While a subaerial or partial subaerial origin for canyon incision is optimum for the mantle plume model, a submarine origin for canyon incision may not necessarily preclude this mechanism.’
      • ‘In some caves, glyphs were cut into deep clay banks along the cave walls; in those cases, incision with a sharp tool is the rule, and images are formed by single traces.’
      • ‘The stratigraphic positions of the palaeovalleys in the Adelaide fold belt rule out glacial eustacy related to the preceding widespread Marinoan glaciation as a possible cause of palaeovalley incision.’
      • ‘The alternative possibility, that incision was achieved by fluvial processes during an end-Permian eustatic lowstand, is less likely for the following reasons.’
      • ‘Small incision preserves important subcutaneous blood vessels and nerves, which might otherwise be sacrificed.’
      • ‘Strongly frictional effluent derived from a distributary channel mouth of the fan delta was probably responsible for repeated incision and fill on the fan delta slope.’
      • ‘The topography of the unconformity includes a northward-draining valley network interpreted to represent incision into the underlying Palaeocene section.’
      • ‘Two phases of valley incision have been observed beneath the flood basalts in the Nuussuaq Basin.’
      • ‘Van Dijk et al. emphasized the absence of deep erosional incision in the geometry of the unconformity.’
      • ‘They both asked, ‘Have you undergone incision before coming back?’’
      • ‘Surgical repair was undertaken in two stages, but this necessitated incision and excision of substantial portions of the anal sphincter muscle.’
      • ‘Typically the ‘wet’ landslides occur in or above narrow gorges, and have limited preservation potential due to the major fluvial incision into the mass waste products.’
      • ‘This succession is characterized by fourth-order, fluvial-to-marine sequences, with valley incision up to 25 km wide and 70 m deep.’
      • ‘Additional smaller tubes are inserted through which fine instruments can be passed enabling surgery to be carried out without major incision.’
      • ‘The mechanism of canyon incision is extremely important because it influences our perception of the magnitude of vertical crustal motion or sea-level change that may be required.’
      • ‘The second type depicts the entire standing female form in repousse with a full frontal face and torso; the pubic region is again emphasized by incision.’


Late Middle English: from late Latin incisio(n-), from Latin incidere ‘cut into’ (see incise).